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Full text of "State Teachers College bulletin. Annual Catalog 1942-1943"

STATE TEACHERS 
COLLEGE BULLETIN 

BLOOMSBURG. PENNSYLVANIA 




Gnnual Catalcc 




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Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

Lyrasis IVIembers and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/stateteacherscol1942bloo 



State Teachers College 



■ Vol 10 



JANUARY, 1942 



No. 3 



Annual Catalog 




BLOOMSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA 



Member of the American Association of Teachers Colleges 
Member of the National Association of Business Teacher Train- 
ing Institutions. 



The State Teachers College Bulletin is issued in August, 

December, January, February, March, and April, by 

the State Teachers College at Bloomsburg. 

Entered as Second-Class Matter at the Post Office at Bloomsburg, 
Pennsylvania, under the Act of August 24, 1912 



Table of Contents 



Page 

Map of Motor Routes 5 

Calendar 1942-1943 6 

Board of Trustees and Administrative Personnel 7 

Faculty 8 

School Districts Providing Laboratory Schools 12 

Cooperating Teachers 12 

History of the State Teachers College at Bloomsburg 14 

Campus, Buildings and Equipment 17 

Fees, Deposits and Repayments in the State Teachers College 20 

Summary of Expenses 24 

Types of Student Assistance 26 

Admission Requirements :. 27 

The New Three-Year Plan 28 

Transfer and Progress Requirements 28 

Certificate Regulations 31 

In-Service Education of Teachers 36 

Laboratory School Facilities of the College 36 

Aviation 37 

Summer School 1942 38 

Student Participation in College Government 39 

Extra-Curricular Activities 40 

Religious Activities 42 

Professional Fraternities 42 

An Enriched Program of Studies 44 

Guidance in Choosing a Curriculum 45 

Basic Two Years of the Elementary and Secondary Curriculums_ 46 

S'pecialization and Electives in the Elementary Curriculum 48 

Special Education 49 

Areas of Concentration in the Secondary Curriculum 50 

Courses of Instruction — Elementary and Secondary Curriculums. 52 

Department of Business Education 70 

Certification of Business Education Teachers 71 

Business Education Curriculum 75 

Courses of Instruction — Business Education Curriculum 78 

Department of Music 82 

List of Students 85 




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Calendar 1942 - 1943 

COMMENCEMENT 1942 

Alumni Day Saturday, May 23 

Baccalaureate Sermon Sunday, 2 P. M., May 24 

Senior Day, Ivy Day, Class Night Monday, May 25 

Commencement Tuesday, May 26 

PRE-SUMMER SESSION 1942 

Session Begins Monday, June 8 

Session Ends Saturday, June 27 

SUMMER SESSION 1942 

Registi-ation Day Monday, June 29 

Classes Begin Tuesday, June 30 

Entrance Examinations Wednesday, July 15 

Session Ends Saturday, August 8 

POST SESSION 1942 

Session Begins Mondaj'', August 10 

Session Ends Saturday, August 29 

FIRST SEMESTER 1942-1943 

Faculty Meeting, Room L Monday, September 14 

Entrance Examinations, Registration, and Classification 

of Freshmen Tuesday, September 15 

Registration and Classification of all 

Other Classes Wednesday, September 16 

Classes Begin Thursday, September 17 

Thanksgiving Recess Begins. -After last Class, Tuesday, November 24 

Thanksgiving Recess Ends Monday, 12 M., November 30 

Christmas Recess Begins After last Class, Saturday, December 19 

Christmas Recess Ends Monday, 12 M., January 4 

First Semester Ends After last Class, Saturday, January 23 

SECOND SEMESTER 1942-1943 

Classes Begin Monday, January 25 

Easter Recess Begins After last Class, Saturday, April 17 

Easter Recess Ends Beginning of Classes, Tuesday, April 27 

Second Semester Ends After last Class, Friday, May 21 

COMMENCEMENT 1943 

Alumni Day Saturday, May 22 

Baccalaureate Sermon Sunday, 2 P. M., May 23 

Senior Day, Ivy Day, Class Night Monday, May 24 

Commencement Tuesday, May 25 

The Calendar of the Benjamin Franklin School does not coincide 
with that of the College. 

Please apply to President Harvey A. Andruss for blanks and 
information relative to enrollment. 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 



COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA 
DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION 

FRANCIS B. HAAS, Superintendent of Public Instruction 

TEACHER EDUCATION AND CERTIFICATION 

HENRY KLONOWER, Director 

JOHN K. TRAYER HARRY L. KRINER 

Assistant Director Assistant Director 

STATE COUNCIL OF EDUCATION 

President and Chief Executive Officer, FRANCIS B. HAAS 

Marcus Aaron Pittsburgh 

W. Floyd dinger Warren 

Elsie M. Heckman Allentov/n 

Donald L. Helfferich Lansdowne 

Miles Horst Palmyra 

Robert C. Shaw Camp Hill 

G. Morris Smith Selinsgrove 

Herbert J. Stockton Johnstown 

John J. Sullivan Philadelphia 

Clarence E. Ackley Secretary 

THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES 

State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania 

DR. FRANCIS B. HAAS, ex-officio 
Superintendent of Public Instruction 

Reg. S. Hemingway, Esq., President Bloomsburg 

Fred W. Diehl, Vice-President Danville 

W. Clair Hidlay, Secretary-Treasurer Bloomsburg 

Milton K. Yorks Bloomsburg 

M. Jackson Crispin Berwick 

Frank D. Croop Berwick 

ADMINISTRATIVE PERSONNEL 

Harvey A. Andruss President 

Thomas P. North Dean of Instruction 

Mrs. Anna J. Knight Secretary to President 

Marguerite W. Kehr Dean of Women 

Bertha Rich Assistant Dean of Women 

Ethel A. Ranson Assistant Dean of Women 

John C. Koch Dean of Men 

George Buchheit Assistant Dean of Men 

Earl N. Rhodes Director of Teacher Training 

William C. Forney Director, Department of Business Education 

E. H. Nelson Director, Department of Health Education 

M. Beatrice Mettler Graduate Nurse 

C. M. Hausknecht Business Manager 

Nevin T. Englehart Superintendent of Grounds and Buildings 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 



Faculty 



HARVEY A. ANDRUSS President 

University of Oklahoma, A. B.; Certificate in Public and Pri- 
vate Business, Northwestern University, M. B. A.; Graduate 
Work, ibid. 

WILBUR J. ABELL Business Education 

James Millikin University, B. S.; University of Illinois, M. S.; 
Graduate Work, University of Akron, University of Wash- 
ington, Northwestern University. 

MRS. LUCILLE J. BAKER Training Teacher, Grade III 

Pestalozzi-Froebel School, Chicago, Illinois, student; Western 
State College, Colo., A. B.; Columbia University, A. M. 

JOSEPH R. BAILER English 

University of Pittsburgh, B. Sc; New York University, M. A.; 
Cambridge University, Cambridge, England; University of 
Grenoble, Grenoble, France; Columbia University. 

EDNA J. BARNES Training Teacher, Grade IV 

Western State Teachers College, Macomb, 111., B. S.; Teachers 
College, Columbia University, M. A. 

GEORGE C. BUCHHEIT Health Education 

University of Kentucky, B. S. in C. E.; Graduate Work Uni- 
versity of Iliinois; Columbia University, M. A. in Phys. Ed. 

HOWARD F. FENSTERMAKER Foreign Languages 

Graduate, State Normal School, Bloomsburg, Pa.; University 
of Michigan, A. B.; New York University, A. M.; Graduate 
Work, University of Pennsylvania. 

JOHN J. FISHER Psychology 

Goshen College, Goshen, Ind. A. B.; Indiana Univr ity, 

M, A.; Harrison Fellow, University of Pennsylvania; Grad- 
uate Work, Columbia University. 

WILLIAM C. FORNEY Director, Department of Business Education 

Temple University, B. S. C; Harvard University, University 
of Chicago, Graduate Work; New York University, M. A. 

DOROTHY E. GILMORE Assistant Librarian 

State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa., B. S. 

EDNA J. HAZEN Director of Elementary Education 

State Normal School, Edinboro; AKcgheny College, Mead- 
ville; Columbia University, B. S., M. A.; Graduate Work, New 
York University. 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 



MARGARET R. HOKE Business Education 

Johns Hopkins, Baltimore, B. S.; Lebanon Valley College, Ann- 
ville, M. A.; Columbia University, Secretarial Certificate. 

ALICE JOHNSTON Speech 

Park College, Mo., B. L.; Columbia University, M. A.; Grad- 
uate Work, University of Wisconsin, Columbia University, 
University of Michigan. 

MARGUERITE W. KEHR Dean of Women 

University of Tenn., B. A.; Wellesley College, A. M.; Cornell 
University, Ph. D. 

MRS. ETTA H. KELLER Training Teacher, Grade VI 

Pennsylvania State College, B. S.; Teachers College, Colum- 
bia University, M. A.; Graduate Work, Clark University, New 
York University. 

GEORGE J. KELLER Art 

State Normal School, Bloomsburg; Teachers College, Colum- 
bia University, B. S.; Bucknell University, M. A. 

JOHN C. KOCH 

Dean of Men and Director of Secondary and Aviation Education 

Bucknell University, A. B., A. M.; Graduate Work, New 
York University. 

KIMBER C. KUSTER Biological Science 

State Normal School, Bloomsburg, Pa.; University of 
Michigan, B. S.; M. S., Ph. D. 

PEARL L. MASON Librarian 

Simmons College, Boston, B. S.; Graduate Work, Columbia 
University. 

NELL MAUPIN Social Studies 

Peabody Teachers College, B. S.; State University, Iowa City, 
M. A., Ph. D. 

LUCY McCAMMON Health Education 

State Teachers College, Springfield, Mo., A. B.; Columbia 
University, M. A. 

HERBERT E. McMAHAN * Business Education 

Temple University, B. S, in Commerce; Pennsylvania State 
College, Graduate Work; Temple University, M. Ed. 

M. BEATRICE METTLER Graduate Nurse 

Bucknell University, Lewisburg, Pa., A. B.; Graduate The 
Johns Hopkins Hospital Training School, Baltimore, Mary- 
land; Graduate Work University of Chicago, Chicago, Illi- 
nois; R. N., Pennsylvania and Maryland. 

* Leave of Absence 1941-1942, Lieutenant (Senior Grade) Naval Reserve. 



10 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 



ROBERT MORGAN Director, School of Music— Piano, Organ 

Syracuse University, Bachelor of Music, Master of Music; 
piano pupil of Frank Sheridan and Egon Petri. 

HARRIET M. MOORE Public School Music 

State Teachers College, Kirksville, Mo,; Bush Conservatory, 
Chicago, 111., Mus. B.; New York University, B. S., M. A., in 
Music Education. 

S. MABEL MOYER Training Teacher, Grade II 

State Normal School, Bloomsburg, Pa.; Summer Work, Teach- 
ers College, Columbia University; Bucknell University, B. S. 
in Education, M. A.; Graduate Study, New York University. 

MARGUERITE MURPHY Business Education 

Columbia University, B. S., M. A. 

E. H. NELSON Director of Health Education 

State Normal School, Bloomsburg; University of Michigan, 
A. B.; Harvard University, Ed. M.; New York University, 
Ph.D. 

THOMAS P. NORTH Dean of Instruction 

Pennsylvania State College, B. S., M. S.; Cornell University, 
Ph.D. 

A. PARK ORTH Business Education 

The Drexel Institute of Technology; The University of Penn- 
sylvania, B. S. and A. M.; Graduate Work at Pennsylvania 
State College and Temple University. 

MABEL OXFORD Business Education 

Pierce School of Business Administration; State Teachers 
College, Bloomsburg, Pa., B. S.; University of Pennsylvania, 
M.S. 

BETTY PAULING Voice and Violin 

Wyoming Seminary, Graduate in Music; voice pupil of Frank 
LaForge. 

ETHEL A. RAN SON Assistant Dean of Women and Mathematics 

University of Illinois, A. B.; Columbia University, A. M. 

EDWARD A. REAMS Social Studies 

Kansas Wesleyan, A. B.; Columbia University, A. M.; Grad- 
uate Work, University of So. Carolina, Penn State College, 
New York University. 

EARL N. RHODES Director of Teacher Training 

State Normal College, Ypsilanti, Mich.; University of Chicago, 
Ph. B.; Columbia University, A. M.; Graduate Work, Clark 
University, Columbia University, New York University. 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 11 



BERTHA RICH Assistant Dean of Women and Geography 

Colorado State Normal School, Gunnison, Pd. B.; Western 
State College, A. B.; Columbia University, A. M.; Graduate 
Work, Clark University. 

H. HARRISON RUSSELL Geography 

Illinois State Normal University, B. Ed.; Clark University, 

A. M., Ph. D. 

WALTER S. RYGIEL Business Education 

Temple University, B. S., M. Ed.; Graduate Work, Bucknell 
University, University of Pennsylvania. 

ANNA GARRISON SCOTT Training Teacher, Grade V 

State Normal School, Bloomsburg, Pa.; Columbia University, 

B. S., M. A. 

ETHEL E. SHAW English 

Normal School, New Britain, Conn.; Teachers College, Colum- 
bia University, B. S., M. A.; Oxford University, Summer 
Work. 

S. /. SHORTESS Physical Science 

Albright College, A. B.; University of Pennsylvania, M. S.; 
Graduate Work, Nev? York University. 

VIOLET L. SIMPSON Dietitian and Nutrition 

University of Colorado, B. S.; Columbia, A. M.; University of 
Iowa; Cornell College; Iowa State College, Ames; Iowa State 
Teachers College; Knox College. 

M. AMANDA KERN THOMAS Training Teacher, Special Class 

Ursinus College, B. A.; Graduate Work, Rutgers University; 
University of Pennsylvania, M. A. 

CAROLYN M. WELCH Training Teacher, Grade I 

Beaver College, B. S.; Pennsylvania State College, M. S. 

MARY M. WHITENIGHT Health Education 

State Teachers College, East Stroudsburg, Pa., B. S.; New 
York University, M. A. 

SAMUEL L. WILSON English 

Bucknell University, Sc. B.; Columbia University, M. A.; 
Graduate Work, Harvard University, New York University. 

GRACE WOOLWORTH Training Teacher, Kindergarten 

University of Chicago, Ph. B.; University of California; Co- 
lumbia University, M. A. 



12 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 

School Districts Providing Laboratory 
Schools 

ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICERS 

BLOOMSBURG JUNIOR-SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL 

L. P. Gilmore, Supervising Principal 
J. Claire Patterson, Principal 

BERWICK SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL 

M. E. Houck, Superintendent 
D. R. Shuman, Principal 

DANVILLE SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL 
E, B. Cline, Supervising Principal 

WILLIAMSPORT HIGH SCHOOLS 

Dr. A. M. Weaver, Superintendent 

Dr. J. E. Nancarrow, Principal, Senior High School 

J. Fred McMurray, Principal, Theodore Roosevelt Junior High School 

A. L. Pepperman, Principal, Andrew G. Curtin Junior High School 

COLUMBIA COUNTY RURAL SCHOOLS 
Ray M. Cole, Superintendent 



COOPERATING TEACHERS 

Brown, E. J. — Junior-Senior High School, Bloomsburg Business 

State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania, B. S. 

Campbell, Lawrence J. — Jr. -Senior High School, Bloomsburg Science 

Saint Bonaventure College, B. S. 

Deisroad, Mrs. Robert — Rural School Grades I to VI 

State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania, B. S. 

Derr, Clarence F. — Senior High School, Williamsport Business 

Susquehanna University, A. B.; Columbia University, M. A. 

Gardner, Gertrude — Senior High School, Danville Business 

Bucknell University, A. B, 

Gehrig, Earl A. — Senior High School, Danville Business 

State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania, B. S. 

Guflfey, Wellard T. — Senior High School, Williamsport Business 

Bucknell University, B. S. 

Heyler, Ezra D. — Senior High School, Williamsport Business 

Bowling Green University, A. B. 

Hutton, Robert — Junior-Senior High School, Bloomsburg Geography 

Bloomsburg State Teachers College, B. S.; N. Y. University, M. A. 

Kline, Harriet H. — Junior-Senior High School, Bloomsburg English 

Bloomsburg State Teachers College, B. S.; N. Y. University, M. A. 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 13 

Knorr, J. Wesley — Junior-Senior High School, Bloomsburg Business 

Bloomsburg State Teachers College, B. S.; N. Y. University, M. A. 

Long, Bess M. — Junior-Senior High School, Bloomsburg Science 

Susquehanna University, A. B.; Columbia University, M. A. 

Maust, Laura M. — Senior High School, Williamsport Business 

State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania, B. S. 

McBride, Ray P. Jr. — Senior High School, Berwick Business 

State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania, B. S. 

McKinstry, Cleora M. — Jr.-Senior High School, Bloomsburg. -English 
State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania, B. S. 

Mercer, Robert H. — Jr.-Senior High School, Bloomsburg-Mathematics 
Gettysburg College, B. S.; Bucknell University, M, S. 

Miller, H. R. — Junior-Senior High School, Bloomsburg Geography 

Bloomsburg State Teachers College, B. S.; Columbia Uni- 
versity, M. A. 

Miller, Kerr — Senior High School, Williamsport Business 

Bloomsburg State Teachers College, B. S.; Bucknell Univer- 
sity, M. A. 

Mordan, George M. — Jr-Senior High School, Bloomsburg-Mathematics 
Gettysburg College, B. S. 

Pensyl, Maree E. — Jr.-Senior High School, Bloomsburg- Social Studies 
Bucknell University, B. S.; New York University, M. A. 

Ricks, Minnie M. — Roosevelt Jr. High School, Williamsport Business 

New York State College for Teachers, B. S. 

Sands, B. Donald — Jr.-Senior High School, Bloomsburg- Social Studies 
Bloomsburg State Teachers College, B, S.; Bucknell Univer- 
sity, M. S. 

Saxer, Martha R. — Curtin Junior High School, Williamsport-Business 
Indiana State Teachers College, B. S.; U. of P., M. S. 

Schell, Ray I. — Junior-Senior High School, Bloomsburg- -Mathematics 
Ursinus College, B. S. 

Schuyler, Thursabert — Junior-Senior High School, Bloomsburg Latin 

State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania, B. S. 

Serocco, Mary R. — Junior-Senior High School, Bloomsburg French 

Penn State, A. B.; Middlebury College, M. A. 

Sharpless, Myra — Jr.-Sr. High School, Bloomsburg-Foreign Language 
State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania, B. S. 

Shutt, William L. — Junior-Senior High School, Bloomsburg Business 

State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania, B. S. 

Tinney, Hilda — Senior High School, Berwick Business 

State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania, B. S. 

Wagner, John Y. — Junior-Senior High School, Bloomsburg Science 

Franklin and Marshall College, B. S. 

Yeany, Norman A. — Jr.-Senior High School, Bloomsburg Business 

Gettysburg College, A. B., A. M. 



14 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 

History Of The State Teachers College 
At Bloomsburg 

PRINCIPALS AND PRESIDENTS 

Henry Carver 1869-1871 

Charles G. Barkley December 20, 1871— March 27, 1872 

John Hewitt March 27, 1872— June, 1873 

T. L. Griswold 1873-1877 

D. J. Waller, Jr. 1877-1890 

Judson P. Welsh 1890-1906 

D. J. Waller, Jr. 1906-1920 

Charles H. Fisher 1920-1923 

G. C. L. Riemer 1923-1927 

Francis B. Haas 1927-1939 

Harvey A. Andruss 1939- 

Academy, Literary Institute, Literary. Institute and State Normal 
School, State Teachers College — such has been the metamorphosis of 
the present State Teachers College at Bloomsburg. 

Away back in 1839, a private academy was opened at Blooms- 
burg. C. P. Waller, a graduate of Williams College, successfully con- 
ducted the school for two years. Later public school teachers taught 
in the academy during their summer vacations. Among the outstand- 
ing teachers during this period were Joe Bradley and D. A. Beckley. 

In 1856, D. J. Waller drew up a charter, which was subscribed to 
by worthy citizens of Bloomsburg and which provided that the school 
be known as the Bloomsburg Literary Institute for the promotion of 
education in the ordinary and the higher branches of English litera- 
ture and science and in the ancient and modern languages. 

In 1866, Henry Carver, of Binghamton, N. Y., taught the schooL 
His unusual influence and personality had much to do with molding 
its early policies. He insisted that a new building was essential for 
the future development of the Bloomsburg Literary Institute. 

Under his inspiration, the charter of 1856 was revived and the 
following officials elected — President, D. J. Waller; secretary, I. W. 
Hartman; trustees, John G. Freeze, R, F. Clark and William Neal. Mr. 
Carver assured the trustees that $15,000 would build a suitable build- 
ing. The energy and enthusiasm of the men were such that when 
some doubted that the type of building which he had planned could 
be built for that amount, he assumed, in addition to his duties as 
teacher, the offices of architect and contractor. 

_ On April 4, 1867, that building, the present Carver Hall, was 
dedicated with gala observance by the townsj)eople. Members of the 
first class at the new school — D. J. Waller, Jr., the late George E. 
Elwell and the late Charles Unangst — by popular subscription raised 
$1200 in a single week for the fine bell which formerly called the stu- 
dents to their classes. The first faculty comprised Professor Carver, 
teacher of mathematics and the higher English branches; Rev. J, R. 
Dimm, teacher of Latin and Greek; and Miss Sarah Carver, teacher 
of the lower English branches. 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 15 



In the autumn of 1867, James P. Wickersham, State Superinten- 
dent of Public Instruction, was traveling through Bloomsburg on the 
train. He saw the new school on the hill "ablaze with lights" and 
thought the Literary Institute's location would be ideal for a State 
Normal School. So at a meeting in 1868, at which he addressed the 
citizens of Bloomsburg, it was decided to establish a Normal School 
under the Act of 1857. A dormitory was completed at a cost of 
$36,000. The school was recognized as a State Normal School on Fri- 
day, February 19, 1869. In September of that year, there were 150 
in the Normal Department and 80 in the Model School. 

The school was called the Bloomsburg Literary Institute and Statp 
Normal School until it was purchased by the State May 22, 1916. After 
that it was known as the State Normal School at Bloomsburg until the 
name was changed to State Teachers College on May 13, 1927, by the 
State Council of Education. Up to 1920, when the Department of Public 
Instruction revised the programs of all the Normal Schools, the school 
offered college preparatory courses as well as teacher training courses. 

Principal Carver left in 1871. Charles G. Barkley, Esq., a former 
county superintendent of schools, acted as Principal from December 
20, 1871, to March 27, 1872. His successor was the Rev. John Hewitt, 
rector of the Episcopal Church at Bloomsburg, who served as Principal 
from March, 1872 to June, 1873. In 1873, Dr. T. L, Griswold became 
Principal, serving until 1877. 

Those early years were trying ones, subscriptions would fall off 
and trustees would often meet obligations on their own personal re- 
sponsibility. In 1875, the dormitory was completely destroyed by fire. 
In 1876, a larger and handsomer building, the original part of the 
present Waller Hall v/as built. In spite of discouraging circumstances, 
the school began paying expenses during Doctor Griswold's adminis- 
tration. 

In the Fall of 1877, Dr. D. J. Waller, Jr., became Principal. For 
thirteen years the school grew under his guidance. The Model School 
and the east wing of the dormitory were built during his Principal- 
ship. When Doctor Waller resigned in 1890, to become State Super- 
intendent of Public Instruction, the school was in a prosperous con- 
dition. 

Dr. Judson P. Welsh served as Principal of the Bloomsburg State 
Normal School from 1890 to 1906. During his administration an ad- 
dition to the four-story dormitory and the gymnasium were built. 
Science Hall was opened in the Fall of 1906 just after his resignation. 

Dr. D. J. Waller, Jr., responded a second time to the summons of 
the trustees, serving as Principal until 1920 when he retired from 
active duties. Doctor Waller gave the Bloomsburg State Normal 
School twenty-seven years of splendid service as its Principal. 

He was succeeded by Dr. Charles H. Fisher, who came to the 
Normal School from the State Department of Public Instruction. He 
served at Bloomsburg from 1920 to 1923. During his administration 
teacher training was introduced into the Bloomsburg public schools 
and extension courses were instituted. He was followed by Dr. G. C. 
L. Riemer, who came from the State Department of Public Instruc- 
tion. He served as Principal until June, 1927. 

_Dr. Francis B. Haas succeeded Dr. Riemer in July, 1927. Under 
his administration the College made great advancement, both in the 



16 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 



improvement of the physical plant and in the program of teacher 
education in the Commonwealth. 

Major campus improvements include the following: the addition 
of eighteen acres of land; the construction of a new Laundry Build- 
ing; Elementary Training School; Gymnasium; Junior High School; 
Shop and Maintenance Building; addition to the Boiler Plant; Fire 
Towers for several buildings; a complete remodeling of Science Hall, 
and the remodeling of the auditorium. 

Smaller projects include the provision of complete and comfort- 
able rooms for day students; the construction of a new recreation 
field; the adoption of a tree-planting program; the building of new 
tennis courts; the installation of sound picture equipment in the audi- 
torium; the laying of 2,500 lineal feet of new sidewalk and street 
curbs, and the addition of new underground steam and electric ser- 
vice. 

Educational developments during the administration of Dr. Haas 
tnoved along parallel with the improvement in the physical plant 
and include the following: the establishment of the Department of 
Business Education; the inauguration of a Department of Special 
Education, with an Educational Clinic for guidance and remedial 
instruction of problem cases; the organization and development of 
a student government association; the development of such outstand- 
ing extra-curricular activities as the A Cappella Choir, Maroon and 
Gold Orchestra, Maroon and Gold Band, the Dramatic Club, and the 
installation of professional and honorary educational organizations. 

In June, 1939, the College very fittingly celebrated its Centennial 
— one hundred years of progress. 

Dr. Haas resigned in August, 1939, to assume, for the second time, 
the duties of State Superintendent of Public Instruction for the Com- 
monwealth of Pennsylvania. 

Aviation instruction was inaugurated in September, 1939, through 
cooperation with the Bloomsburg Airport. Under sponsorship of the 
Civil Aeronautics Administration fifty pilots were trained the first 
year. 

On January 15, 1941, Dean Harvey A. Andruss was elected Presi- 
dent of the College. 




WOMEN'S B CLUB 




BLOOMSBURG FOOTBALL SQUAD 








WALLER HALL — Containing Library and portion of Women's Dormitory. 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 17 



Campus, Buildings And Equipment 

CAMPUS'. The State Teachers College property comprises about 
fifty-five acres, of which over forty acres form the campus proper. 
The campus lies on a hillside from which one looks down over 
Bloomsburg homes toward the bright ribbon of the Susquehanna and 
beyond to the softly tinted distant hills. The campus contains an 
athletic field, tennis courts, and a general recreation field. An oak 
grove with a cement pergola and a lagoon forms an ideal place for 
out-of-doors pageants and dramatics. 

The buildings of the State Teachers College reflect the growth of 
the institution. 

CARVER HALL. Carver Hall, erected in 1867, and named for 
Henry Carver, the first Principal, stands at the head of Main Street. 
Its white belfry and pillared entrance form a picturesque approach to 
the College campus and buildings. The building contains an auditor- 
ium seating 1000 which has recently been completely equipped for 
motion pictures with sound equipment. A number of classrooms are 
also located in this building. 

NOETLING HALL. Noetling Hall, named for William Noetling, 
the head of the Department of Pedagogy from 1877-1900, is in the 
rear of Carver Hall. The Department of Business Education occupies 
the second floor of this building. Here classrooms are provided for 
typewriting, bookkeeping and office practice. On the first floor are 
housed the phychological and speech clinics, each with a suite of 
modernly equipped offices and consultation rooms. 

WALLER HALL. The main dormitory, Waller Hall, named for 
D. J. Waller, Jr., Principal of the College for twenty-seven years, is 
four stories high with a frontage of 165 feet and a wing 40 by 104 feet. 
This building is equipped with one passenger and two freight elevators. 

The ground floor of this building contains the lobby, the dining 
room and kitchen, the administrative and business offices, and the post 
office. 

The Alumni Room on the first floor of Waller Hall is beautifully 
furnished as a reception room for the Alumni and the Faculty. College 
cups and other trophies are displayed in this room. 

Five modern enclosed fire towers help to eliminate fire hazards. 
The library and infirmary are on the second floor. The women's dor- 
mitory occupies the second, third, and fourth floors. The rooms contain 
beds, dressers, chairs, and study tables. 

The dining room and lobby are most attractive. The dining room 
is sunny and cheerful with white woodwork and decorative built-in 
cupboards. The students are seated at round tables in groups of eight. 
A dietitian directs the purchase, preparation, and serving of food. 

Every effort is made to keep the students in good physical con- 
dition. A registered nurse is in charge of the infirmary where stu- 
dents may have proper care and quiet when they are sick. Doctors are 
called when the students desire or when the nurse deems it advisable. 
A cottage on the campus is set aside for housing patients who may de- 
velop contagious diseases. Fresh air, pure water, and well-balanced 



18 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 

meals of wholesome food make the sick at Teachers College a neg- 
ligible number. 

The lobby with its tapestries and its comfortable chairs is a favor- 
ite social meeting place. 

The library on the second floor of Waller Hall contains over 15,000 
standard works of history, fiction, education, and the like. It is satis- 
factorily equipped with reference works, good magazines, and news- 
papers. 

One of the most interesting features of the building is "The Long 
Porch" overlooking "The View" — the Susquehanna River beyond the 
town and the Catawissa mountain beyond the river. 

NORTH HALL. North Hall, the men's dormitory, is a short dis- 
tance from Waller Hall. It is a three-story building, 40 by 90 feet, 
used exclusively by the men students. 

GYMNASIUM. The Gymnasium adjoins Waller Hall. It has a 
floor area measuring 45 by 90 feet, and wings outside of this space 
providing bleachers for 700. Beneath these are ample dressing-room 
facilities, including showers. 

SCIENCE HALL. Science Hall was built in 1906. It is equipped 
for laboratory work in biology, chemistry, and physics. It contains a 
number of classrooms and two lecture rooms with lanterns, screens 
and other visual education apparatus. Two large, well-lighted art 
studios are in this building. Modern laboratory desks and other equip- 
ment for the teaching of chemistry and physics were installed at the 
beginning of the school year of 1937 to provide for the increasing 
demand for Science on the part of students who are entering the 
teaching profession. This building has been recently renovated and 
modern fire towers have been added at a cost of approximately $25,000. 

BENJAMIN FRANKLIN SCHOOL. The Benjamin Franklin 
Training School building was opened for use the first day of the 1930- 
1931 school year. It is designed, planned, and equipped in accordance 
with the best present modern practice. It provides practice teacher fa- 
cilities from the kindergarten to the sixth grade, as well as a special 
class for the mentally retarded. Among the features is a special room 
arranged for observation and demonstration work. In addition to the 
practice work done here, a cooperative arrangement makes practice 
teaching possible in public schools of Berwick, Catawissa, Blooms- 
burg, Williamsport, and Danville. The practice teaching in rural work 
is done in the rural schools of Columbia County. 

LAUNDRY. The new laundry provides, in a separate plant, the 
best modern equipment for handling the laundry needs of the College. 
The space in the basement of North Hall released by the removal of 
the present laundry has been developed as a lobby and reading room 
and provides locker accommodations for the day men. 

NEW GYMNASIUM, The New Gymnasium is located on the 
upper part of the campus close to the Athletic Field. It is a building 
modern in every respect and fully adequate to meet the growing needs 
of the institution. It contains a large main gymnasium with a playing 
court 48 by 84 feet, and two smaller auxiliary gymnasiums, one for 
men and one for women, each with an adjoining locker room. To the 
rear of the main floor is a fine swimming pool 75 by 30 feet. The 
building houses, in addition, complete office and classroom facilities 
for the Health Education Department. 



state Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 19 



JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL. Situated close to the Benjamin Frank- 
lin Training School is the new Junior High School. It is designed and 
equipped along the most approved modern lines, and furnishes teacher 
training facilities for the Junior High School grades, seven, eight and 
nine. This new building will make possible teacher training facilities 
from the kindergarten through the ninth grade. 

SHOP AND STORAGE BUILDING. To take the place of the old 
barn which has been in use for many years is a new, modern brick 
building balancing the laundry. This building is used for shop and 
storage purposes, making it possible to concentrate the maintenance 
equipment and services. 

POWER PLANT. The old Power Plant, situated on the southwest 
corner of the campus, has been greatly enlarged and fully modernized 
to take care of the increased needs of the new buildings. 



20 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 

Uniform Fees, Deposits, And Repayments 
In The State Teachers Colleges 

A. FEES 

I. Student Activities Fee. 

A fee to be determined by each institution will be collected from 
all students and administered under regulations approved by the Board 
of Trustees through a cooperative organization. This fee will cover 
the cost of student activities in athletics, lectures, entertainment, stu- 
dent publications, et cetera; provided, that students taking extension 
courses or regular session students taking less than seven semester 
hours may secure the benefits of the Activities Program by the pay- 
ment of the Student Activities Fee. 

II. Contingent Fee. 

1. Regular Session. 

(a) A contingent fee for each student in each curriculum is charged 
as follows: 

Half Half 

Semester Semester 

Elementary Curriculums __$22.50 Health Education * $31.50 

Secondary Curriculum 22.50 Home Economics * 36.00 

Art * 31.50 Industrial Arts * 31.50 

Business Education 28.50 Music * 45.00 

Library Science 31.50 

This fee covers registration and keeping of records of students, 
library, student welfare, health service, (other than extra nurse and 
quarantine), and laboratory facilities. 

(b) Students taking seven or less semester hours shall pay at the rate 
of $6.00 per semester hour. Students taking more than seven 
semester hours shall pay the regular contingent fees: — provided, 
that the regular contingent fees for special curriculums shall be 
pro-rated on the basis that the number of semester hours taken 
is to eighteen semester hours. 

(c) Students taking extension courses shall paj' at the rate of $6.00 
per semester hour, provided that the regular fees for special cur- 
riculums shall be pro-rated on the basis that the number of 
semester hours taken is to eighteen semester hours. 

{d) The President of the institution may, at his discretion, authorize 
payments not less than one month in advance to worthy students. 

2. Summer Session. 

(a) Six dollars per semester hour. 

A minimum contingent fee of eighteen dollars ($18.00) will be 
charged. 



* Not available at Bloomsburg. 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 21 



(b) Contingent Fees — Special Curriculums. 

In addition to the above fee, students in the special curriculums 
will be required to pay a fee to cover the cost of materials, supplies, 
equipment, and special services used in the laboratories, shops or stu- 
dios of the special curriculums. These additional contingent fees will 
be as follows: 

Six Weeks Six Weeks 

Summer Summer 

Session Session 

Home Economics * $ 9.00 Art * $ 6.00 

Industrial Arts * 6.00 Business Education 4.00 

Music * 15.00 Health Education * 6.00 

Library Science 6.00 

(c) Students enrolled for periods of instruction differing from the 
schedule shall pay fees in addition on a pro-rata basis of the 
schedule of fees provided for the regular summer session. 

III. Housing Fee. 

1. Housing Rate for Students: 

The housing rate for students shall be $72.00 per one-haK semes- 
ter and $48.00 for the Summer S'ession. This includes room, meals, 
and limited laundry. 

(a) For rooms with running water an additional charge of $9.00 per 
student per semester, or $3.00 for the Summer Session may be 
made.* 

(b) No reduction in the rate is to be made for laundry done at home 
nor for absence of students who go home for a few days at a time. 

(c) A student may at the discretion of the President of the College, 
occupy a double room alone by paying an additional $36.00 a 
semester or $12.00 for the Summer Session. 

(d) For the purpose of meeting the requirements in those Colleges 
where off-campus rooming students board in the College dining 
room, and to meet the requirements of the Home Management 
Clubs in institutions maintaining home economics curriculums, the 
housing rate shall be divided $2.50 for room and laundry, (room 
$1.75 and laundry $0.75) and $5.50 for table board. 

2. Housing rate for employees other than those included in the 
State Classification Schedule (faculty, clerks, etc.) shall be $9.00 per 
week. The housing fee shall be divided $3.50 for room and laundry 
(room $2.75 and laundry $0.75) and $5.50 for table board. 

3. The rate for transient meals shall be: 
Breakfast, $0.35 Lunch, $0.45 Dinner, $0.60 

4. The president of the institution may, at his discretion, author- 
ize payments not less than one month in advance to worthy 
students. 

IV. Damage Fee. 

Students shall be responsible for damages, breakage, loss, or de- 
layed return of College property. 

V. Infirmary Fee. 

After three days in the College infirmary, the College shall charge 
an additional $1.00 for each day. 

Day students who may be admitted to the infirmary shall pay 
board at the rate of $2.00 a day. This charge includes the regular 

* Not available at Bloomsburg. 



22 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 



nurse and regular medical service, but does not include special nurse 
or special medical service. 

VI. Isolation Hospital Fee. 

If the College maintains an Isolation Quarantine Hospital for 
contagious diseases, the College shall charge $10.00 per week addi- 
tional, but this service charge does not include trained nurse or 
special medical service. 

Day students who may be admitted to the Quarantine Hospital 
shall pay the board rate of $2.00 a day (see Infirmary Fee above) and 
in addition shall pay $10.00 a week, but this additional charge does 
not include trained nurse or special medical service. 

VII. Tuition Fee (for Out-of-State Students) 

Students whose legal residence is out of the State of Pennsyl- 
vania shall be charged at the rate of $6.00 per semester hour. 

If out-of-state students are enrolled in a special curriculum, they 
shall pay the special contingent fee in addition to the tuition fee. 

Vni. Private Instruction Fees. 

The charge for private lessons in music, in the State Teachers 
Colleges maintaining the special curriculum in music, shall be: 

1. Voice, piano, band or orchestral instruments, $24.00 per semes- 
ter — for one lesson per week. 

Pipe organ $42.00 per semester — ^for one lesson per week. 

2. Rental of piano for practice, 1 period per day, $6.00 per 
semester. 

Rental of pipe organ for practice, 1 period per day, $36.00 
per semester. 

*Rental of band or orchestral instruments, $6.00 per semester. 
(For Summer Session the charge is one-third of above rates). 

3. The charge for private lessons in music in the State Teach- 
ers Colleges not maintaining the special music curriculum 
shall be fixed as follows : 

The Board of Trustees of a State Teachers College not offering 
the special curriculum in music, may, subject to the approval of the 
Superintendent of Public Instruction, enter into contract with indivi- 
duals to give private lessons in music in order to afford an opportun- 
ity for students to continue their musical education. Such agreement 
shall provide reasonable reimbursement to the institution for any ser- 
vice or overhead supplied by the institution. 

(See page 84 for fees in Department of Music). 



* Not available at Bloomsburg. 



State Teachers College, Bloom sburg, Pa. 23 

IX. Degree Fee. 

A fee of $5.00 shall be paid by each candidate for a degree to 
cover the cost of degree diploma. 

X. Record Transcript Fee. 

One dollar ($1.00) shall be charged for the second and each sub- 
sequent transcript of records. 

XL Delinquent Accounts. 

No student shall be enrolled, graduated, or shall receive a tran- 
script of his record until all previous charges have been paid. 

XII. Late Registration Fee. 

Each student registering after the date officially set for regis- 
tration shall pay an additional fee of $1.00 per day until the student 
is in regular attendance in accordance with the regulation of the 
Board of Presidents, provided that the total amount of the Late 
Registration Fee shall not exceed $5.00, except when permission for 
late registration has been secured in advance from the President 
because of illness or any other unavoidable causes. The same regu- 
lations shall apply to approved inter-semester payments. 

B. DEPOSITS 
Advance Registration Deposit. 

A deposit of $10.00 shall be made by all students when they re- 
quest registration. This is a guarantee of the intention of the student 
to enter College for the term or semester designated. It is deposited 
with the Revenue Department to the credit of the student's contin- 
gent fee. //, however, the student notifies the College at least three weeks 
before the opening of College that he is unable to enter, or if the student is 
rejected by the College, repayment of this deposit will be made through the 
Department of Revenue, on application from the student through the College 
authorities. 

Check or money order for this amount must be drawn to the Com- 
monwealth of Pennsylvania. 

C. NO OTHER FEES OR DEPOSITS PERMITTED 
No fees or deposits, other than as specified above, may be charged 
by a State Teachers College. 

D. REPAYMENTS 
Repayments. 

I. Repayment will not be made: 

1. To students who are temporarily suspended, indefinitely sus- 
pended, dismissed, or who voluntarily withdraw from College. 

2. For any part of the advance registration deposit for any 
causes whatsoever, except where students give notice of inten- 
tion to withdraw at least three weeks before the College opens 
or when the student is rejected by the College. 

11. A repayment will be made for personal illness, the same being 
certified to by an attending physician, or for such other reasons 
as may be approved by the Board of Trustees for the amount of 
the housing and contingent fees paid by the student for the part 
of the semester which the student does not spend in College. 
III. The advance registration deposit will be returned to students pro- 
vided they notify the College not less than three weeks before the 
opening of the semester or term of their intention not to attend or 
provided the student is rejected by the College. 



24 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 



Summary Of Expenses 

The cost for one semester for students living at Home College 

Contingent Fee $ 45.00 $ 45.00 

Housing Fee (Board, Room, and Laundry) (none) 144.00 

Activities Fee 10.00 10.00 

Books and Supplies (Estimated) 15.00 15.00 



Total $ 70.00 $214.00 

Business students pay $12.00 additional. 

Out-of-State students pay $6.00 per semester hour credit. 

Students not living at home and not working in homes approved 
by the College, must live in the dormitories if rooms are available. 

All fees must be paid in advance of enrollment. Fees for the 
regular College year may be paid one half in advance of enrollment 
and one half before the middle of each semester. 

If any fees other than the Activities Fees are paid by Bank Draft, 
Express or Post Office Orders, or Checks, they must be .made out for 
the exact amount which is being paid, and drawn payable to the order 
of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. All Post Office Orders paying 
such fees must be drawn on the Post Office at Harrisburg, Pennsyl- 
vania. If the Activities Fee is not paid in cash, a separate order must 
be drawn payable to "Community Activities." 

Keys. 

Each student purchases a room key or locker lock for $1.00. This 
is refunded when the key or lock is returned. 

Baggage. 

Baggage is hauled on the opening and closing days of each semes-" 
ter for a small charge. Incoming baggage should be clearly marked 
with the owner's name and "State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, 
Pennsylvania." When baggage is sent to the station it should bear the 
owner's name and destination. 

Guests. 

Arrangements for room guests at Waller Hall and North Hall 
must be approved by the Dean of Women or the Dean of Men. The 
guest rates in the College dining room, payable to the Dietitian, are 
as follows: Breakfast, 35c; Luncheon, 45c; Dinner, 60c. 

Books and Supplies. 

The estimated cost of books and supplies is $40.00 for the year of 
36 weeks. Students may secure these at the Community Store con- 
nected with the College. This store is operated on a cash basis. 

Dormitory Residence. 

Students not living at home and not working in homes approved 
by the College, must live in the dormitories if rooms are available. 




ATHLETIC ACTIVITIES OF WOMEN 




""^WHRI 



THE NEW GYMNASIUM— Containing Swimming Pool. Main Gymnasium seating 
1200. two auxiliary o:vmnasiums. two classrooms and five faculty offices. 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 25 



School Banking. 

The Business Office is prepared to handle deposits of cash for 
students in order that they may secure small amounts at convenient 
times. 

Notice of Withdrawal. 

Students leaving the College must notify the President of their 
withdrawal. Regular charges will be made until such notice is re- 
ceived. 

Music. 

All music accounts are payable in advance for a half-semester 
period. 

PERSONAL EQUIPMENT FOR ENTRANTS 

Rooms. 

Each room is furnished with single beds, mattresses and pillows, 
dresser, study table, and chairs. Sheets, pillow cases, and white spreads 
are furnished for the beds. 

Students must provide the following equipment: — Blankets or bed 
comforts, towels, and a large laundry bag plainly marked with the 
student's name. 

Athletic Equipment. 

Students must wear regulation gymnasium uniforms. These are 
to be purchased in the Retail Store after the student arrives at 
Teachers College, in order that the outfits for the group may be uni- 
form in style, color, etc. 

Students should bring strong high shoes for hiking and climbing. 

Laundry. 

Each student is allowed twelve articles of plain clothing in the 
wash each week. Extra charge will be made for laundry in excess of 
twelve articles. Every article of clothing must be plainly marked with 
indelible ink. Defective marking is generally responsible for missing 
articles. 



26 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 

TYPES OF STUDENT ASSISTANCE 

1 — Student employment by the College (other than N. Y. A.) — 
Such employment for the most part is limited to work in the Dining 
Room, the Kitchen, the Library, and the College offices. Occasionally, 
there are a few opportunities in the general maintenance service. How- 
ever, the number of positions at present is so limited that for the most 
part it is the policy of the College to make them available only after 
students have demonstrated ability to meet the standards of the Col- 
lege by completing in a satisfactory manner the work of the first year. 
A few opportunities are available to Freshmen for substitute service. 

All work is paid for at the rate of thirty cents per hour, and the 
maximum number of hours which a student may be employed upon 
work administered by the College is twenty hours per week. This 
means that under the most favorable conditions the maximum amount 
that may be earned is six dollars per week, and that for the most part 
this is available for upper class students only. 

2 — Student employment under the National Youth Administration 
The College has participated in the past in the employment pro- 
grams provided for College Students by the National Youth Adminis- 
tration under the Federal Government. It hopes to participate in 
such programs as may be available in the future. 

3 — Household Work — Many students secure housing expenses by 
working in private homes approved by the College. The College refers 
requests from homes to prospective students. Usually, however, such 
opportunities are secured through friends or through church or other 
affiliations. Many students have secured household work and other 
work through advertisements placed in the Morning Press of Blooms- 
burg. Students securing such work in a home must secure from the 
Dean of Women, or the Dean of Men, an "Application for Approval to 
Live in a Private Home," and have it signed by the Parent or 
Guardian, the Student, and the Housekeeper, and approved by the 
Dean of Women or the Dean of Men. Until this agreement is sub- 
mitted and approved, enrollment is temporary. 

4 — State Scholarships — The State offers each year, through com- 
petitive examination, one scholarship worth $100.00 in each County. 
These are administered by the Department of Public Instruction, and 
information concerning them may be secured from Mr. James G. 
Pentz, Department of Public Instruction, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. 

5 — American Association of University Women Loan Fund — The 
Bloomsburg Branch of the A. A. U. W. has a loan fund open to a girl 
in the Junior Class. Information may be secured from Mrs. Norman 
Hoffman, Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania, 

6 — Alumni Loan Fund — Our Alumni Association has a fund from 
which loans at very reasonable rates are made to students. Informa- 
tion concerning this Fund may be secured from the Chairman of the 
Alumni Loan Fund Committee, Mr. Dennis Wright, 58 East Fifth 
Street, Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania. 

Loans are to be repaid to the Treasurer in monthly payments of 
not less than $10.00 each and every month beginning four months 
after the student graduates. 

Because of the great number of requests for loans, it has been 
found necessary to limit the loans to the Junior and Senior classes; 
and to further limit the amount to any one person to $150.00. 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 27 

ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS 

Entrance Requirements. 

New regulations for admission to the State Teachers Colleges of 
Pennsylvania were effective September, 1932. The regulations re- 
quire the applicant to appear at the College on days announced during 
the Summer in addition to the regular registration day at the open- 
ing of the Fall semester. Following is a statement of the general 
principles controlling the new admission regulations. Enrollment is 
conditional until the applicant has met all the requirements set forth 
in the following five paragraphs: — 

1. General scholarship as evidenced by graduation from an ap- 
proved four-year high school or institution of equivalent grade as 
determined by the Credentials Division of the Department of Public 
Instruction and ranking in the upper half of the class at graduation. 
Candidates for admission who lack this rank at graduation will be 
required to present further evidence of fitness for admission as pre- 
scribed in the detailed standards for admission. 

2. Integrity and appropriate personality as shown by an estimate 
of secondary school officials of the candidate's trustworthiness, hon- 
esty, truthfulness, initiative, industry, social adaptability, personal ap- 
pearance, and sympathy. 

3. Health, physical vigor, emotional stability, absence of physical 
defects that would interfere with the successful performance of the 
duties of a teacher, and absence of predisposition toward ill health as 
determined by a medical examination at the College. Specific stand- 
ards will be set up in the detailed requirements for admission. 

4. Normal intelligence and satisfactory command of English as 
evidenced by rating in standard tests. The tests to be used will be 
prescribed each year by the Board of Presidents and will be uniform 
for all State Teachers Colleges. 

5. A personal interview with particular attention to personality, 
speech habits, social presence, expressed interests of the applicant, and 
promise of professional development. 

Students Enrolling For First Time Note Carefully the Following : 

(1) ALL NEW APPLICANTS must have the following blanks 
sent by the person indicated direct to the College in advance of (a) 
the personal conference (b) the medical examination, and (c) the writ- 
ten examination (required only of those in the lower half of the gradu- 
ating class). 

1. By the applicant — application for admission. 

2. By a physician — report of the physical examination. 

3. By the High School Principal — ^high school record and evalua- 
tion. 

These blanks will be forwarded on request. Personal conferences 
may be had by arrangement with the Dean of Instruction. These Per- 
sonal Interviews and Health Examinations may be arranged for any 
day from 1:30 P. M. to 3:00 P. M., Saturdays and Sundays excepted, 
from June 25 to August 15. At 9:00 A. M., July 7, the written ex- 
amination (required only of those in the lower half of the graduating 
class) will be given. 



28 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 

(2) NEW APPLICANTS STANDING IN THE UPPER HALF 
OF THE GRADUATING CLASS as ranked by the High School 
Principal are exempt only from the written examination. 

The credit unit on which entrance qualification is based repre- 
sents not less than 120 sixty-minute periods of prepared work or the 
equivalent. 

THE NEW THREE-YEAR PLAN BEGINNING JUNE, 1942 

The new three-year program adds a three-week Pre-Session to 

the existing regular six-week Summer Session and the three-week 
Post-Session, and it is arranged so that Freshmen will be accepted at 
the beginning of any semester or Summer Session. 

High school graduates may therefore begin their study with the 
Pre-Session on June 8, the regular Summer Session on June 29, or the 
Post-S'ession on August 10 instead of waiting for the regular Fall 
Session in September 14, 1942. Standards for admission, graduation 
and the award of teaching certificates remain the same under the 
new program as under the usual, four-year plan. 

Students wishing to earn their degrees under the usual four-year 
arrangement may do so. The three calendar year program is not a 
replacement of the usual four-year program but is an alternate de- 
signed to help both the student with limited time and the demand and 
need for teachers in our public schools. 

Advanced Credit- 
Advanced credit will be given for equivalent courses in approved 
institutions of collegiate grade, but no student may obtain a Bachelor 
of Science degree at Bloomsburg without a minimum residence of one 
year in the curriculum in which student intends to graduate. Stu- 
dents desiring to take work at any other institution must make 
written application to the Dean of Instruction for approval in advance. 
Otherwise credits may not be accepted. Correspondence courses are 
not offered or accepted by this College, 
Transfer of credits having the lowest passing grade will not be accepted. 

Scheduling Student's Work. 

At the beginning of every semester a schedule of classes is handed 
to each student by the Dean of Instruction. It is the duty of the stu- 
dent to enroll in each class and have the instructor of the subject sign 
the schedule card. When the last signature is obtained the card must 
be returned to the office of the Dean of Instruction. No permanent 
credits will be recorded unless this signed card is on file. 

Transfers and Evaluations. 

A student desiring to transfer from another College must first 
present a letter of honorable dismissal and a complete record of the 
work taken at his former College. These records shall be sent directly 
from the College to the office of the Dean of Instruction. 

In evaluating and crediting the work of a student transferring 
from another College, credit shall be given only for work having a 
grade one letter point or the equivalent above the lowest passing 
grade of the institution from which the student is transferring. 

All evaluations are made by the Dean of Instruction and are sub- 
ject to change according to revisions in the requirements for grad- 
uation. 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 29 

Progress Reports and Records. 

For the purpose of reporting the progress of each student, each 
semester is divided into periods of nine weeks. During each period 
the instructor hands to the Dean of Instruction a special deficiency 
report at any time the student is not doing satisfactory work. At the 
end of nine weeks a complete Grade Report is made. These grades 
are assembled and recorded upon a form suitable for mailing and are 
sent to the parents or guardians of each student. 

At the end of the semester final grades are reported, recorded 
upon the permanent progress card of each student and filed. The re- 
port is then sent out as before. Any parent not receiving such a 
report at the end of the nine or eighteen weeks' period should notify 
the Dean of Instruction and a duplicate will be mailed. 

System of Grading. 

Our system of grading and its interpretation is as follows: A — 
very high; B — high; C — average; D — low; Cond. — condition; E — ^fail- 
ure involving repetition of the entire course. 

A grade of A carries with it 3 quality points for each semester hour. 
A grade of B carries with it 2 quality points for each semester hour. 
A grade of C carries with it 1 quality point for each semester hour. 
A grade of D carries with it quality points for each semester hour. 
A grade of E carries with it -1 quality point for each semester hour. 
Condition is not considered in computing quality points. 

To graduate, a student must have not less than an average of 1.0 
quality points. 

Work accepted from other institutions shall count at the rate of 
one quality point per semester hour. 

All students, before receiving a final grade in English I or II, or 
in Arithmetic I or II, or Business Mathematics I or II, must qualify by 
receiving a passing grade in the standardized tests in English and 
Arithmetic. This refers to the tests given to all Freshmen each Fall. 
Removal of Conditions. 

Each instructor imposing a condition at the end of a semester shall file 
with the Dean of Instruction a detailed statement of the steps to be taken 
by the student for the removal of the condition. 

A printed form must be secured at the Dean of Instruction's of- 
fice to be used when a condition has been removed. It is the respon- 
sibility of the student to have this form signed by the instructor re- 
moving the condition and to present it to the Dean of Instruction for 
recording. 

// the condition is not removed within one year the grade becomes an E 
and the course must be repeated. 
Pre-Requisite For Student Teaching. 

A student is eligible to begin teaching if he has attained a quality 
point average of 1.0 in not less than 90 semester hours at the end of 
three years. If a part of the student teaching is given during the 
third year, the same average is required in not less than 60 semester 
hours. 

Raising the Quality Point Average For Student Teaching or 
Graduation. 

If a student fails to attain the required quality point average of 
1.0, he may raise his average by repeating courses in which he re- 



30 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 

ceived a grade of D or less, or by taking courses other than the re- 
peated courses upon the approval of the Dean of Instruction and the 
Student Progress Committee. The divisor in the computation of the 
quality point average is the number of semester hours earned. 

Residence Requirements for Graduation. 

The minimum period of residence at this college is one year or 
its equivalent. Former students certified for teaching by having 
completed two or three years of college work and who are candidates 
for the Bachelor of Science Degree in Education must complete at 
least one-half of the remaining work required for the degree in resi- 
dence at Bloomsburg. Residence credit may be earned in the classes 
of a regular semester, in summer school, or in Saturday classes for 
Teachers-in-Service. 

Probation. 

At the end of any grading period a student who has a grade of 
"E" in one half or more of the credit hours carried may be placed on 
probation until the next grading period. If at the end of the second 
grading period he has not improved his record, he will be advised to 
withdraw from college. Such a student may be permitted to enroll 
subject to the following conditions: 

1. Written application signed by the student and his parents in 
advance. 

2. The application shall state that the student 

(a) Will pursue a limited program of work. 

(b) Is on probation. 

(c) Will voluntarily withdraw from college if he has "E's" in 
one half or more of the credit hours carried, in the follow- 
ing grading period. 

The scholarship requirements as stated here shall apply to all 
work completed after September, 1940; i. e., the fourth year work com- 
pleted by Seniors, the third and fourth year work completed by 
Juniors, and the second, third, and fourth year work completed by 
Sophomores. Freshmen will need to meet all requirements here set 
forth. 

Eligibility for Participation in Inter-School Athletic Contests. 

A student to be eligible must have secured a passing grade in at 
least twelve semester hours of work during the quarter preceding 
each respective sport. 

Placement Service. 

The Placement Service of the College cooperates with the Place- 
ment Service of the State Department of Public Instruction, Harris- 
burg, thus offering additional facilities for the placement of our stu- 
dents and graduates. 

The Placement Service has for its purpose first of all to assist 
school officials to secure competent teachers, and second to aid 
teachers to secure suitable positions in fields of service for which their 
training best fits them. 

The Placement Service is in charge of the Director of Teacher 
Training, who answers all inquiries and gives personal attention to 
school officials seeking competent teachers. 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 31 

In order that the Placement Service may serve the interests of 
the students to the best advantage, students are requested during the 
time that they are doing their student teaching to fill out a "Eegistra- 
tion Blank," giving personal information such as grades and subjects 
which they are prepared to teach and desire to teach, their preference 
as to the part of Pennsylvania in which they would like to teach, ex- 
perience in teaching, and other personal data which Superintendents of 
schools and school boards wish to know when seeking candidates for 
positions. 

The opinion of the Teacher Training Department is often sought 
by school officials. The quality of the work done by students in College 
courses as well as in student teaching is, therefore, a most important 
element entering into the recommendation of students. 

In order that the Placement Service may be of maximum benefit 
to graduating students, it is necessary that those securing positions 
advise the Director of Teacher Training immediately. This procedure 
will not only avoid the recommending of a candidate for positions 
after he is already employed, but will enable the Teacher Training 
Department to keep in close touch with all those individuals who have 
not secured teaching positions. 

Students after graduation from the College are urged to keep up 
their contacts with the Placement Service and the Teacher Training 
Department in order that the College may render further service not 
only in helping students to secure better positions but to help them 
in every possible way professionally. 

CERTIFICATION REGULATIONS 

RENEWAL OF STATE STANDARD LIMITED CERTIFICATES 
(Issued by the Bureau of Teacher Education and Certification, Sept. 1, 1938) 

1. At least twelve additional semester hours of credit are to be 
earned during each renewal period of three years, whether the 
certificate has been used for teaching purposes or not. This is 
the minimum rate by which the holder of a State Standard 
Limited Certificate may move toward the completion on an 
elementary degree curriculum. 

2. If the holder of a State Standard Limited Certificate has taught 
one or more years, a rating score card is to be presented to the 
Department of Public Instruction for the years taught and a 
statement presented by the student, notifying the Department 
of the years not taught. 

3. The responsible official of the college, from which the holder of 
the certificate expects to secure a degree, should certify on the 
transcript — or otherwise — that the twelve semester hours sub- 
mitted to the Department of Public Instruction will be accepted 
by the institution as additional work toward the completion of 
the elementary degree curriculum. If work has been completed 
at more than one college, the student should have all credits 
evaluated at the institution from which graduation is antici- 
pated, making sure twelve semester hours will be acceptable in 
the elementary curriculum. 

4. Wherever possible the superintendent, college officials, and the 
student involved should work out an agreement whereby all 
credentials — score cards, transcripts, certificate, and statement 



32 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 

relative to teaching — ^will be sent to the Department in one en- 
closure. 

Validating For Use in the Elementary Field the College Certificate 
Valid in Secondary or Special Fields 

"In accordance with the recommendations made to the State 
Council of Education, October 6, 1933, the following modifica- 
tion in the teacher preparation program provides for more 
adequate preparation in the elementary field for graduates of 
teacher preparation institutions who prepared specifically to 
teach the subjects of the secondary field and then decide to 
teach in the lower elementary grades. The follov/ing regula- 
tions have been approved: .... after October 1, 1936, thirty 
semester hours of approved courses in the field of elementary 
education including six semester hours of elementary student 
teaching shall be required." 

These elementary courses should be selected from the following 
suggested approved list or equivalent courses: 

Educational Measurements For Elementary Teachers 3 s. h. 

Teaching of Elementary Science 3 s. h. 

Elementary English (Teaching of Reading) 3 s. h. 

Arithmetic (Teaching of Arithmetic) 3 s. h. 

Principles of Geography (Teaching of Geography) or 
(United States History) (Teaching of Elementary 
Social Studies) 3 s. h. 

Health and Hygiene in the Elementary School or 
Teaching of Primary Subjects 

Child Psychology 

Art in the Elementary School 

Music in the Elementary School 

Practice Teaching in the Elementary School 

Elementary Electives — 

Principles of Elementary Education 
Kindergarten-Primary Theory 
Civic Education 

The Elementary School Curriculum 
Elementary School Methods 

Note: — Geography of the Western Hemisphere may be taken by those 
who have used Principles of Geography for graduation in the 
Secondary Curriculum. 

That paragraph two, page 10, under III. College — I. Provisional Col- 
lege Certificate of the booklet on certification which provides that 
"Such a curriculum will be approved when the six semester hours of 
prescribed electives are in the field of elementary education and the six 
semester hours of practice teaching are with pupils of elementary 
school age be deleted as of October 1, 1934." 

Visual Education Regulations. 

In line with the effort to make available approved courses in the 
use of visual aids and sensory techniques in classroom instruc- 
tion and to encourage further the development of visual educa- 
tion in the public school, the State Council of Education approved 
the following regulation with respect to the preparation of 
teachers at its meeting on October 10, 1934: 







3 


s. 


h. 






3 


s. 


h 






2 


s. 


h. 






2 


s. 


h. 






6 


s. 


h 


2 


or 


3 


s. 


h 


2 


or 


3 


s. 


h 


2 


or 


3 


s. 


h 


2 


or 


3 


s. 


h 


2 


or 


3 


s. 


h 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 33 

"RESOLVED, That all applicants for PERMANENT 
teaching certificates on and after September 1, 1935, 
shall be required to present evidence of having com- 
pleted an approved course in visual and sensory tech- 
niques." 

The course of visual education may be completed either as an 
undergraduate course or it may be completed after graduation 
from an accredited teacher-preparation institution. Emphasis is 
placed on the fact that the course in visual aids and sensory tech- 
niques must be a part of the teacher's preparation before any 
form of permanent certification will be issued after September 1, 
1935. 

Where there is any question relative to the meaning or interpreta- 
tion of Certification Regulations, the matter should be taken up 
with the Dean of Instruction previous to beginning class work. 

Certification of Teachers of Classes For the Mentally Retarded. 

A. A Certificate of standard grade valid for teaching the elementary 
subjects may be extended to include the teaching of classes for the 
mentally retarded on the completion of twenty-four semester hours 
of approved courses in special education in accordance with the 
following suggested distribution: 

1. Courses Basic to All Special Certification: 6 sem. hrs. 
*Psychology or Education of Exceptional Children 

Diagnostic Testing and Remedial Teaching 
Mental or Educational Hygiene 

2. Courses Definitely Applicable to the Teaching 

of Mentally Retarded Children: 9 sem. hrs. 

*Special Class Arts and Crafts (*6 sem. hrs.) 
*Student Teaching in Classes for Mentally 

Retarded Children (1 sem. hr.) 
*S'pecial Class Methods 

3. Special Class Electives: 9 sem. hrs. 
Clinical Psychology 

Abnormal Psychology 
fMental Tests (group) 

Speech Correction 

Mental Tests (individual) 

Corrective Physical Education 

Educational and Vocational Guidance 

Related Courses in Sociology 
**Teaching Experience 

Any excess in groups one or two may be applied in group 

three. 
*Must be selected within these groups. 
fPref erred Elective. 

**Successful experience in teaching; in social service such as visit- 
ing teacher, probation officer, or social worker; in public health 
work such as school nurse, public health nurse, etc.; or in a 
psycho-educational or psychiatric clinic as psychological ex- 
aminer or psychologist; may be counted to a maximum of six 
(6) semester hours at the rate of three (3) semester hours a 
year. 

B. A college certificate valid for the secondary field may be extended 
to include the teaching of classes for the mentally retarded on the 



34 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 



completion of thirty-six semester hours, including the distribution 
in groups one, two, and three, in section A, and twelve semester 
hours selected from group four, below: 

4. Courses Related to Elementary Education which are Basic 
Pre-requisites for Teaching Special Classes for the Mentally 
Retarded Selected from the Following or Equivalent 
Courses: 12 sem. hrs. 

fTeaching of Reading 
{Teaching of Arithmetic 

Art in the Elementary School 

Music in the Elementary School 

Health or Physical Education in the Elementary School 

Educational Measurements 

Principles of Elementary Education 

Child Psychology 
{Elementary School Methods 
fThe Elementary School Curriculum 

Teaching of Elementary Social Studies 

Children's Literature and Story Telling 
fPreferred Electives 



Notes: 



Educational Psychology is a pre-requisite for the courses 
listed above. 

In institutions approved for the education of teachers of 
special classes for the mentally retarded, students pursuing 
the four year elementary curriculum may elect the above 
courses in groups one, two, and three, and on the satisfactory 
completion of the elementary curriculum and the twenty-four 
(24) semester hours in this special field will receive certifica- 
tion in both fields. Such dual certification will require at 
least one additional summer session. 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 85 

Certification of Speech Correctionists 

A certificate of standard grade may be validated for the services 
of speech correctionist on the completion of twenty-four semester 
hours of approved courses in speech correction in accordance with 
the following distribution: 

1. Courses Basic to All Special Class 

Certification Minimum Requirement 6 sem. hrs. 

*Psychology or Education of Atypical Children 3 s. h. 

Diagnostic Testing and Remedial Teaching 3 s. h. 

Mental Hygiene 3 s. h. 

2. Courses Definitely Applicable to the Practice of 

Speech Correction Minimum Requirement 9 sem. hrs. 

*Speech Problems 2 s. h. 

*Speech Clinic (Including Clinical Practice) 2 s. h. 

*Psychology of Speech 3 s. h. 

Phonetics 2 s. h. 

Special Methods in Speech Correction 3 s. h. 

Speech Pathology 3 s. h. 

3. Speech Correction Electives 

Minimum Requirement 9 sem. hrs. 

Clinical Psychology 3 s. h. 

Mental Tests (group) 3 s. h. 

fMental Tests (individual) 3 s. h. 

fSpeech Clinic (advanced) 2 s. h. 

Voice and Diction 2 s. h. 

Any excess in groups one or two may be applied in group three. 
*Must be selected within these groups. 
fPreferred Electives, 

In institutions approved for the education of "Speech Correction- 
ists", students pursuing the four year elementary curriculum may 
elect speech correction as outlined above and omit specialization in 
kindergarten-primary, intermediate, or rural education. On the satis- 
factory completion of the basic elementary curriculum and seventeen 
semester hours in speech correction, the student will receive certifica- 
tion in the elementary field. On the satisfactory completion of the 
twenty-four hours in speech correction, the student will receive certi- 
fication as a "Speech Correctionist". 



36 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 

IN-SERVICE EDUCATION OF TEACHERS 

{Friday Evening and Saturday Morning Classes) 

This work is residence work so that all the facilities of the Col- 
lege, such as the library and laboratories, are available for the use of 
the students. 

There is always the possibility of offering any course in any cur- 
riculum if circumstances permit. The offering is dependent upon two 
things: first, the demand from teachers-in-service for the course and, 
second, the availability of the faculty instructor. As the member of 
the faculty conducting such a class receives no extra compensation it 
must be offered as a part of his regular teaching load. We, therefore, 
are limited to the offerings of those courses for which a member of the 
faculty is found available for the work after the regular schedule for 
the semester has been determined. 

Any teacher in service who is interested in this plan will be fully 
informed by communicating with the Dean of Instruction. The course 
of study desired should be indicated. 

The regular members of the faculty will teach the courses. A fee 
of five dollars is charged for each semester hour credit. In accordance 
with the certification regulations of the Department of Public Instruc- 
tion six (6) semester hours per college semester is the maximum 
amount which may be taken by a regularly employed teacher. 

At the present time the popularity of courses offered to teachers- 
in-service is evidenced by the fact that over 100 persons are now en- 
rolled in such classes. Most of them come to Bloomsburg for the Fri- 
day and Saturday classes, since the library or laboratory facilities 
are then available. 

Those desiring information relative to enrollment should com- 
municate and if possible have a personal interview with the Dean of 
Instruction, State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania. Teach- 
ers-in-Service are urged to note carefully the following: (1) Before 
taking advanced work be sure that you are familiar with the State 
regulations covering the type of certification desired, and decide defi- 
nitely the Fields that you desire covered by your State Certificate. 
(2) Be sure that the work which you take will be accepted for cer- 
tification by the Department of Public Instruction and that it will 
definitely advance your standing towards the certificate that you 
desire. In other words, make sure before you begin a course that it 
will be credited towards your certificate. (3) In case of doubt state 
your case to Dr. Henry Klonower, Director, Teacher Education and 
Certification, Department of Public Instruction, Harrisburg, Pennsyl- 
vania. 

THE LABORATORY SCHOOL FACILITIES OF THE COLLEGE 

Those who are to become teachers should have ample preparation 
in teaching in typical school situations. Considerable attention has 
been given to enlarging and strengthening the training school facil- 
ities of the State Teachers College at Bloomsburg. The Benjamin 
Franklin School on our campus houses a kindergarten, special classes 
for the mentally retarded, and grades one to six inclusive. There is a 
training teacher in charge of each class, consequently, close super- 
vision is given to the student teaching. 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 37 

In addition to the Training School the elementary grades of the 
public schools of the town of Bloomsburg are used for student teach- 
ing. Student teaching in the secondary field is done in the junior- 
senior high schools of Bloomsburg and Williamsport, the high schools 
of Berwick and Danville. The complete cooperation of the school 
authorities of the towns of Bloomsburg, Williamsport, Berwick, and 
Danville makes it possible to have a variety of adequate facilities for 
the training of teachers for the graded schools and secondary schools. 

For the preparation of rural teachers, one-room schools in Colum- 
bia County, adjacent to the Teachers College, are used. Through the 
cooperation of the school authorities in the rural districts of Hemlock 
and Mount Pleasant Townships it is possible to have facilities for the 
training of rural teachers. 

The rural and urban elementary school training facilities, and the 
junior and senior high school training facilities of the College are 
typical of the public schools in our service area. The students, there- 
fore, have ample opportunity to observe well-trained teachers at work 
and to develop skill in teaching by actual experience under public 
school conditions. 

AVIATION 

During the past two college years the college cooperated with the 
Civil Aeronautics Administration in training students to become avia- 
tors. The location of the college with relation to the Bloomsburg Air- 
port creates a favorable situation for the Civil Pilot Training Program. 
Bloomsburg Airport, within walking distance of the college, is one 
of the finest of its size in the East. 

A ground course consisting of 72 class hours in Heterology, Navi- 
gation, and Civil Air Regulations, is provided at the college and is 
accepted as four semester hours credit toward meeting the graduation 
requirements. In addition, 35 to 40 hours are spent at the Airport in 
learning to fly an airplane. 

The college expects to continue to participate in future programs 
of the Civil Aeronautics Administration, if they are of the same type 
and character as those carried out so successfully in the past. 

Those interested in the fields of Mathematics, Science and Geog- 
raphy will find a field for the application of principles previously 
learned. Others may count the ground school course as a free elective 
in any curriculum, with the permission of the Dean of Instruction. 

This program provides an excellent opportunity for upper classmen 
within the age range for selective service and enlistment, especially 
those young men desiring to enter the flying service of the United 
States. Persons having credit for the Civilian Pilot Training primary 
program are given credit to the extent of thirty hours of flying time 
by the Army, and thirty-five hours by the Navy, toward a commission 
in the United States aviation forces. This program also offers an 
opportunity to become an instructor in civilian or military aviation. 



S8 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 



SUMMER SCHOOL OF 1942 

The Summer Session aims largely to meet the needs of the follow- 
ing groups: 

(1) Teachers-in-Service qualifying for 

(a) Advanced state certification 

(b) The Degree of Bachelor of Science in Education 

(c) The Permanent College Certificate 

(2) College Graduates qualifying for state certification through 
courses in education and student teaching. 

(3) Undergraduates qualifying for advanced standing or the removal 
of conditions. 

The Summer School of 1942 will consist of three sessions: 

(1) A Pre Session beginning Monday, June 8. 

(2) A Regular Session beginning Monday, June 29. 

(3) A Post Session beginning Monday, August 10. 

The work of the Regular Session will be scheduled so that one 
ninety-minute period per day, for five days per week, will constitute 
the work for a three semester hour course, except where adjustments 
for laboratory courses are needed. Six semester hours' credit is the 
normal load for a six weeks' session. 

An opportunity for additional work will be provided this summer 
by a three weeks' Pre Session and a three weeks' Post Session. The 
work of the Pre Session and Post Session will be scheduled so that 
two ninety-minute periods per day for five days per week will consti- 
tute the work for a three semester hour credit course except where ad- 
justment for laboratory courses is needed. Three semester hours is 
the normal load for the three weeks' sessions. 

An important feature of the regular Summer Session is the obser- 
vation and demonstration school, which includes all the grades of the 
elementary school, a class of mentally retarded children, and the three 
grades of the junior high school. A skillful teacher is in charge of 
each grade. Here teachers may observe and have demonstrated for 
them desirable practices in modem teaching procedures. 

The student teaching in grades 7, 8 and 9 has proved to be a 
popular feature of our regular Summer Session. Opportunity is offered 
to those who must secure credit in the Secondary field to observe and 
participate in the operation of a well-organized junior high school. 

A more detailed description of the 1942 Summer School will be 
sent to you upon a request addressed to the Dean of Instruction. 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa, 39 



STUDENT PARTICIPATION IN COLLEGE GOVERNMENT 

A State Teachers College is a professional institution for the 
education of teachers for our public schools. The College, therefore, 
requires the maintenance of high standards in academic work, balanced 
programs of social and recreational activities and opportunities for the 
development of self -direction and leadership. The attainment of these 
objectives is aided by a sound health program, favorable study con- 
ditions, a good library, and supplementary social and recreational 
activities. 

In general, these opportunities are provided through a broad pro- 
gram of College organizations and activities which are developed and 
controlled through the participation of the entire College in the Com- 
munity Government Association. This organization, through the Col- 
lege Council, is the general control body for the various College 
activities. In accordance with the constitution of the Community Gov- 
ernment Association, dormitory affairs are handled for Women by the 
Waller Hall Student Government Association and for Men by the 
North Hall Student Government Association. The activities of stu- 
dents not living in the dormitories are handled for the Women by the 
Day Women's Association and for the Men by the Day Men's Associa- 
tion. The detailed plans for student participations in College Com- 
munity life are presented in the Handbook, issued at the beginning 
of the Fall semester each year under the direction of the College 
Council. 

Community Government Association 

The Community Government Association cooperates with the re- 
sponsible authorities in promoting personal and group responsibility 
in regulating the affairs of all students. This body meets once a month. 
The College Council, which meets every two weeks, acts as the execu- 
tive board of the organization. The officers of the Association auto- 
matically become officers of the Council. The College Council admin- 
isters the affairs of the Association, formulates its policies, and acts 
upon cases involving violations of the Community Government regu- 
lations. 

Waller Hall Student Government Association 

The Women's Student Government Association is an organization 
of the women students living in dormitories and off -campus houses. 
Its administrative body is the Governing Board whose members are 
selected from each of the various classes. The Governing Board has 
the power to make and enforce regulations, to direct the social life 
of Waller Hall, and to promote the general welfare of all women 
students. 

Day Women's Association 

The Day Women's Association is an organization of women not 
living in the College dormitories. The governing body is an Official 
Board consisting of a President and Vice-President elected by the en- 
tire association, and two representatives from each class. Its purpose 
is to promote the general welfare of the day women and to cooperate 
with the other student organizations in matters affecting the general 
welfare of the institution. Headquarters have been provided on the 
first floor of Noetling Hall. 



40 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 

North Hall Student Government Association 

The Men's Student Government Association governs the resident 
men students efficiently. The governing body is composed of the 
President, the Vice-President, the Secretary, the Treasurer, and a 
Student Council. By means of this organization, the men cooperate 
with the administrative authorities in promoting personal and group 
responsibility. 

Day Men's Association 

The Day Men's Association is an organization of men students who 
live at home or in the town of Bloomsburg. The governing board 
consists of a President, Vice-President, Secretary, and Treasurer. 
Headquarters have been provided on the first floor of North Hall. 

Assembly Programs 

Assembly programs are presented twice a week in Carver Hall 
Auditorium. The students are largely responsible for the success of 
these programs. 

The various College clubs present programs with a wide variety 
of entertainment. Visiting lecturers, visiting high schools, and mem- 
bers of the College faculty contribute at times to these programs. 



EXTRA-CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES 

All students are required to take part in one extra-curricular 
activity one semester each year. The students, for the most part, are 
eager to take this opportunity to train themselves in this important 
and interesting phase of modern school work. The extra-curricular 
work during the past year included the following: 

Athletics 

In addition to the required courses in physical education, men re- 
ceive extra-curricular credit for football, basketball, track, cross 
country, wrestling, tennis, and baseball. Women receive extra-curri- 
cular credit for hiking, skating, playing volleyball, basketball, tennis, 
and baseball. 

"B" Club. 

The "B" Club is an organization of women who have achieved a 
given number of athletic points. 

Dramatic Club. 

The Dramatic Club provides a workshop for those who wish train- 
ing in educational dramatics. It stages plays for College affairs and 
for the public. It has installed a chapter of Alpha Psi Omega, national 
honor dramatic fraternity. 

Geographic Society. 

The Geographic Society promotes interest in geographic interpre- 
tation by talks on geography as observed in local communities or in 
travel, by illustrated talks on imaginary journeys, by accounts of cur- 
rent events interpreted from the geographic viewpoint, and by review- 
ing current literature. 

Mixed Chorus. 

The Mixed Chorus numbers more than one hundred voices. Any 
student who possesses an acceptable singing voice may apply for a 
position in this organization. An audition is required. 




MAROON AND GOLD ORCHESTRA 




MAROON AND GOLD BAND 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 41 

A Cappella Choir. 

Any member of Mixed Chorus who possesses a good singing voice, 
and who has some ability in music reading may have an audition for 
the A Cappella Choir. Auditions are held at the beginning of each 
semester. Enrollment in the choir is limited. 

Business Education Club. 

The Business Education Club, an organization composed of the 
students of the Department of Business Education, sponsors a Com- 
mercial Contest for high schools. Through this activity the high 
school students are acquainted with the type of the professional work 
being developed here. Contests are held in the major commercial sub- 
jects: bookkeeping, shorthand, typewriting, etc. Winners of the var- 
ious contest events receive medals, while a Commercial Contest Cup is 
awarded to the high school having the best contest team. 

Maroon and Gold Instrumental Musical Organizations. 

(a) Maroon and Gold Orchestra. 

The Maroon and Gold Orchestra fills an important place in the 
College life. Musical programs and entertainments are given. The 
Orchestra gives an annual public concert. Students with sufficient 
ability are urged to join this organization. 

(b) Maroon and Gold Band. 

An excellent group of fifty-five members offers training in group 
and ensemble playing. The Band plays at all athletic functions and is 
organized on the basis of an extra-curricular activity. Students with 
musical talent will benefit by participating in this organization. 

Social Usage Club. 

"Enjoy, as you learn," is a motto of the Social Usage Club, which 
offers the students an opportunity to improve their social abilities 
through discussion and practical experience. Club meetings include 
both preparation for and practice of dinners and other social functions. 

Science Club. 

The Science Club consists of members of the student body who 
are interested in natural and physical science. Subjects for study and 
observation include topics dealing with history of the various branches 
of science, plant and animal life, geology and mineralogy, chemistry 
and physics. Theoretical and applied phases of these subjects receive 
equal consideration. Field trips often supplement reports on natural 
phenomenon. 

Social Service Club. 

This organization is open to any girl in college who has a desire 
to be of service to others. It cooperates with such organizations as the 
Red Cross, Child Welfare Service, and the local hospital. Incidentally 
it affords opportunity for making excellent contacts outside the college. 

Photography Club. 

This club provides an excellent opportunity for all those inter- 
ested in photographic art. Members discuss practical problems, and 
study camera techniques. 



42 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 

The Poetry Club. 

This club is for a small discussion group interested in the present 
talent, to secure a wider acquaintance with the fundamentals of 
Poetry, and a broader appreciation through studying, writing, and 
reading. 

Rural Life Club. 

The Rural Life Club is organized for the purpose of studying 
rural community work, recreations, etc. 

Publications. 

The Maroon and Gold. 

The Maroon and Gold is the College Paper, published bi-monthly 
by a student staff. It aims to keep the student body informed of cur- 
rent happenings at Teachers College. 

The Obiter. 

The Obiter is the Annual published each Spring by the graduat- 
ing class. It contains a review of the activities of the class, with cuts 
of campus, students, clubs, teams, etc. 

The Bloomsburg Alumni Quarterly. 

The Bloonisburg Alumni Quarterly, published four times a year, 
purposes to keep the alumni informed of the activities and progress of 
their Alma Mater. It is sent to all alumni who pay the alumni fee of 
$1.00 a year. This publication is available in the College Library. 

RELIGIOUS ACTIVITIES 

Student Christian Association. 

The Student Christian Association is open to all men and women 
students of the college. It holds weekly meetings. It aims to develop 
the social and religious life of the college students. 

Auditorium. 

Devotional services are held in the chapel twice a week in connec- 
tion with the assembly programs. 

Local Churches. 

Students at Teachers College are cordially invited to attend ser- 
vices in the churches of Bloomsburg. Students attend Sunday School, 
Young People's Meetings, and sing in the church choirs. 

PROFESSIONAL FRATERNITIES 

National honorary and professional fraternities which foster and 
advance education ideals through scholarship, social efficiency, and 
moral development, are permitted to form chapters. There are five 
such fraternities on the Campus. 

Kappa Delta Pi (National Coeducational Honor Society in Education) 
Kappa Delta Pi originated at the University of Illinois in 1909 as 
the Illinois Educational Club, and was incorporated June 8, 1911, under 
the laws of the State of Illinois as the Honorary Educational Frater- 
nity. On October 4, 1932, this title was changed to Kappa Delta Pi, an 
Honor Society in Education, and so registered at the office of the Sec- 
retary of State at Springfield, Illinois. Both men and women are 
eligible to membership which is drawn from the upper quartile of the 
institution for Juniors and Seniors. It is both an undergraduate and 
graduate society and has the unique distinction of having a Laureate 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 48 

Chapter composed of outstanding educators throughout the world, the 
intent being to make this in essence an academy of educators similar 
to the academy of science or academy of letters. 

There are 106 chapters in universities and colleges with a total 
membership of more than 20,000. The Educational Forum, official 
magazine of the Society, is issued quarterly. There are other publi- 
cations of value — the Lecture Series and the Research Publications. 

Phi Sigma Pi (National Honorary Educational Fraternity For Men) 

The Phi Sigma Pi, a National Educational Fraternity, was 
founded at the State Teachers College, Warrensburg, Missouri, on 
February 14, 1916. The fraternity has 16 active chapters. The ob- 
jective of the fraternity is to maintain a professional educational fra- 
ternity for men in teacher training institutions. The organization is 
based on high scholastic attainments and seeks to advance educational 
ideals, promote close fellowship, improve the training of teachers, and 
uphold just and efficient government. The Bloomsburg Chapter, Iota, 
has 23 active members, 7 faculty members, and 7 honorary members. 

Alpha Psi Omega (National Coeducational Honorary Dramatic Fra- 
ternity) 

Alpha Psi Omega, national honorary dramatic fraternity, was or- 
ganized in 1922 at Fairmont State College, Fairmont, Virginia, to pro- 
vide an honor society for those doing a high standard of work in col- 
lege dramatics; and to secure for them the mutual helpfulness pro- 
vided by a large national fraternity. At present there are 152 chap- 
ters located in colleges and universities in the United States and Can- 
ada. The Bloomsburg chapter, Alpha Omicorn, was organized in 
March, 1928, and now has an alumni membership of 108. 

Gamma Theta Upsilon (National Coeducational Honorary Geography 
Fraternity) 

Gamma Theta Upsilon originated in the Geography Club of the 
Illinois State Normal University on May 15, 1931. Delta Chapter was 
organized by seven Junior and Senior members of the Geographic 
Society at Bloomsburg in October, 1931. The chapter now has 69 on 
the roll. Membership is limited to students making special prepara- 
tion to teach geography. The purpose of this organization is to ad- 
vance the professional study of geography both as a cultural discipline 
and a practical subject for study and investigation. A National Loan 
Fund to promote graduate study of geography has been established. 
The roster of chapters totals 15, representing eleven states and hav- 
ing a membership of eight hundred thirty-five. 

Pi Omega Pi (National Professional Commercial Education Fra- 
ternity) 

The organization of Pi Omega Pi was started in the spring of 1923 
at the Northeast Missouri State Teachers College at Kirksville. Alpha 
Delta Chapter was installed at State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, on 
May 28, 1935. The Fraternity is composed of twenty-one chapters. 

The aims of the fraternity are: (a) To encourage, promote, ex- 
tend, and create interest and scholarship in Commerce, (b) To aid in 
civic betterment in colleges, (c) To encourage and foster high ethical 
standards in business and professional life, (d) To teach the ideal of 
service as the basis of all worthy enterprise. 



44 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 



AN ENRICHED PROGRAM OF STUDIES 

Curriculums for the education of teachers should be constantly 
re-examined in terms of the needs of the public schools. An effort has 
been made to adjust the curriculum of the teachers colleges to meet 
these needs. In accordance with this policy, the Presidents of the 
State Teachers Colleges, with the approval of the Superintendent of 
Public Instruction, have rearranged the courses, thereby enriching the 
curriculums. The first two years of the rearranged curriculums will 
give the students a more thorough academic background. 

The revised curriculums in the State Teachers Colleges have as 
their main objective, the reorganization of the sequential relation- 
ship of courses so that the professional work will be cumulative and 
progressive. There will be distinctly professional courses in the first 
year, more professional courses in the second year, and still more in 
the third and fourth years. 

The following curriculums were inaugurated at State Teachers 
College, Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania, beginning September 7, 1937: 

(1) Four- Year Elementary Curriculum leading to the B. S. in Edu- 
cation, with college certification in (a) Kindergarten-Primary, 
(b) Intermediate, (c) Rural fields. The State Standard Limited 
Certificate may be issued at the end of three years if students 
make this decision at the end of their freshman year. This cer- 
tification is valid for three years, during which time twelve 
semester hours of advanced credit in the elementary field must 
be earned in order to renew it for three more years. This 
process is continued until the four-year requirement for the de- 
gree of B. S. in Education has been fulfilled at which time the 
College Provisional Certificate is issued. 

(2) Six semester hours, selected from the "Electives for Special 
Education" earned in addition to completing the Four- Year 
Elementary Curriculum may be used to certify a person to teach 
Special Classes for the Mentally Retarded, This means that a 
person will be certified to teach in the elementary school, and at 
the same time certified to teach adjustment, special, opportunity, 
or orthogenic classes in the elementary school. 

(3) Four- Year Secondary Curriculum leading to B. S. in Education, 
with college certification in two or more of the following fields: 
English, Social Studies, Geography, Mathematics, French, Latin, 
Spanish, Science and Speech. 

(4) Four- Year Business Education Curriculum leading to the B. S. 
in Education, with opportunity to secure college certification in 
the following subjects: Bookkeeping and Accounting, Business 
English, Commercial and Economic Geography, Commercial Law, 
Commercial Mathematics, Economics, Junior Business Training, 
Office Practice, Salesmanship, Shorthand, and Typewriting. Re- 
tail Selling may also be chosen as a field for certification. 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 4S 



GUIDANCE IN CHOOSING A CURRICULUM 

In order that entering students may have an opportunity to ex- 
plore their interests and try out their abilities and aptitudes in the 
College situation, a uniform curriculum for the first year is followed 
by those expecting to teach academic subjects in the Secondary and 
Elementary schools. Those expecting to teach commercial subjects in 
the Secondary schools also follow a uniform curriculum for the first 
year. 

Following the first year's experience with courses in English, 
Speech, Geography, Science, Health Education, History, Appreciation 
of Art and Slusic, and Place and Purpose of Education in the Social 
Order (including School Visitation), the student is in a position to 
choose electives in either the Elementary or Secondary curriculums 
for the second year, basing his decision on his Freshman courses. 
After having completed courses in English, Speech, Health Education, 
Economic Geography, Place and Purpose of Education in the Social 
Order (including School Visitation), as well as courses in Bookkeeping 
and Accounting, Shorthand, Typewriting and Business Mathematics, 
the prospective commercial teacher is in a better position to choose 
either the Commercial, Accounting, Secretarial, or Retail Selling se- 
quence depending upon his first year's experience. 

During the Freshman year, to further inform entering students of 
the nature of the teaching profession, all students take an orientation 
course entitled "Place and Purpose of Education in the Social Order" 
(including school visitation). Classrooms of all types and levels are 
visited. In class, such topics are studied as: How to Study, How to 
Budget Time, Campus Services, Administrative Organization of the 
College, The Requirements and Possibilities of Teaching as a Profes- 
sion, S'elf -Analysis to Determine Fitness for Teaching; all of which 
are consciously planned to help students to choose their curriculum 
at the beginning of the second year. Such guidance based on profes- 
sional information and personal analysis is carried on by means of 
conferences by faculty members with individual students. Persons en- 
tering the teaching profession of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania 
today must view themselves in the light of the mental, physical and 
social requirements and possibilities of a career as an educator. 

At the outset of the Sophomore year, a second choice is necessary. 
If the Elementary Curriculum is chosen, a student must specialize in 
the Kindergarten-Primary, Intermediate, Rural, or Special Education 
Groups referred to as Groups I, II, and III in other parts of this cata- 
logue. If the Secondary Curriculum is chosen, two fields of specializa- 
tion are selected from among the following: English, French, Latin, 
Social Studies, Speech, Mathematics, Science and Geography. If the 
Business Education Curriculum has been followed for one year, to con- 
tinue one must choose a sequence from the following: Commercial 
(which certifies in all commercial subjects). Accounting, Secretarial, 
and Retail Selling. 

Thus the specialized work of the last three years is based on one 
year of general preparation for the purpose of acquainting students 
with the nature of the teaching profession, and at the same time to 
aid in the prediction of the professional promise of teaching success. 
Following the first year, a change from one curriculum to another 
may be requested by the student or advised by the Dean of Instruction. 
This arrangement provides all students an opportunity to explore, 



46 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 



try out, and counsel with the faculty while they are taking courses 
having a general bearing on the Elementary, Secondary, or Business 
teacher training situations before a curriculum for specialization is 
selected. 



BASIC TWO YEARS OF THE ELEMENTARY AND 
SECONDARY CURRICULUMS 

SEQUENCE OF COURSES SUBJECT TO CHANGE FOR 
ADMINISTRATIVE REASONS 



First Semester 

Hours 
Clock Sem. 
English I (inc. Library Science) 4 3 

Fundamentals of Speech 3 3 

Biological Science I (Botany) _ 4 3 

Health Education I 4 2 

(inc. Phys. Ed. and Personal 
Hygiene) 
Place and Purpose of Education 

in the Social Order 3 3 

(inc. directed School Visita- 
tions, etc.) 
Appreciation of Music 3 2 

21 16 



Second Semester 

Hour* 

Clock Sem. 

English II 3 3 

Principles of Geography 3 S 

History of Civilization 4 4 

Biological Science II (Zoology). 4 3 

Health Education II 4 2 

(inc. Phys. Ed. and Personal 

Hygiene) 

Appreciation of Art S 2 

21 17 



Third Semester 

Hours 

Clock Sem. 

Literature I (English) 3 3 

Economic Geography 3 3 

General Psychology (I) 3 3 

Physical Science I (Chemistry) .4 3 

Klectire 3 3 

16 15 



Fourth Semester 

Hours 
Clock Se 

Literature II (American) 3 

Educational Psychology (II) S 

Prin. of Sociology or Prin. of 

Economics S 

Physical Science II (Physics) 4 

Electives 4 

17 : 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa, 



47 



ELEMENTARY CURRICULUM 
Fifth Semester 



SECONDARY CURRICULUM 



Fifth Semester 



Hours 

Clock Sem. 

United States History before 1865 3 3 

Teaching of Reading 3 3 

Music I 4 2 

Art I 4 2 

Curriculum in Arithmetic 2 2 

School Law 1 1 

Elective 3 3 



20 



16 



Hours 

Clock Sem. 
American Government — 

Federal, State and Local 3 3 

School Law 1 1 

Educational Measurements 2 2 

Electives 10 10 



16 



16 



Sixth Semester 



Sixth Semester 



Hours 

Clock Sem. 

History of Pennsylvania 2 2 

Teaching of English 4 3 

(inc. Handwriting) 

Music II 3 2 

Art II 3 2 

Teaching of Health 2 2 

U. S. History since 1865 3 3 

Elective 2 2 



19 



16 



Hours 
Clock Sem. 

Guidance 2 2 

Problems of Secondary Ed. 2 2 

Electives 13 13 



17 



17 



Seventh Semester 



Seventh Semester 



Hours 

Clock Sem. 

Educational Measurements 2 2 

Curriculum in Elementary 

Science 4 3 

Visual Education 2 1 

Children's Lit. and Story Telling 3 3 
Evolution of the American Pub- 
lic School 2 2 

Ethics 3 3 

American Government (Federal, 

State, and Local) 3 3 

19 17 



Hours 
Clock Sem. 
Evolution of the American Pub- 
lic School 2 2 

Visual Education 2 1 

Ethics 3 3 

Electives 10 10 



17 



16 



Eighth Semester 



Eighth Semester 



Hours 
Clock Sem. 
Student Teaching and Confer- 
ence 18 12 

Curriculum Materials, Selection 
and Adaptation 4 3 



22 



15 



Hours 
Clock Sem. 
Student Teaching and Confer- 
ence 18 12 

Curriculum Materials, Selection 
and Adaptation 4 3 

22 IS 



48 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 

SPECIALIZATION AND ELECTIVES IN THE 
ELEMENTARY CURRICULUM 

1. Students enrolled in the State Teachers Colleges may qualify 
for the degree of Bachelor of Science in Education by satisfactorily 
completing the basic elementary four-year curriculum and twelve 
semester hours offered at the College at which the degree is to be 
conferred. 

2. Students desiring to specialize in Early Childhood Education 
(nursery school, kindergarten, grades 1, 2, and 3), Intermediate Educa- 
tion (grades 4, 5, and 6), or Rural Education (grades 1-6 or 1-8) shall 
be required to complete satisfactorily the basic four-year elementary 
curriculum and meet the following specific requirements for the field 
of specialization desired. 

a. EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION b. INTERMEDLA.TE EDUCATION 

Hours 

Hours Clock Sem. 

Clock Sem. Teaching of American History 

Early Childhood Education 3 3 and Government 3 3 

♦Student Teaching in grades *Student Teaching in interme- 

below fourth 18 12 diate grades 18 12 

Curriculum Materials: Curriculum Materials: 

Selection and Adaptation for Selection and Adaptation for 

Early Childhood Grades 4 3 intermediate grades 4 3 

25 18 25 18 

C. RURAL EDUCATION 

Hours 

Clock Sem. 

Rural School Problems 3 3 

♦♦Student Teaching under rural 

school conditions 18 12 

Curriculum Materials : 

Selection and Adaptation to 
rural or in grades 1-6 or 1-8 
under conditions approxi- 
mately those in rural 
schools 4 3 

25 18 

3. Electives may be chosen from the following: 

Hours 

Clock Sem. 

Child Adjustment 3 3 

Child Psychology 3 3 

Diagnostic and Remedial Instruc- 
tion in Reading 3 3 

Education for Family Living 3 3 

Mental Hygiene 3 3 

Safety Education 3 3 

School Finance 2 2 

Special Education 2 2 

Teaching of Arithmetic 3 3 

and courses in academic fields and special curriculums approved at the 
college in which the student is registered: provided that to achieve a 
breadth of background not more than six (6) semester hours may be 
selected from courses listed above and not more than six (6) semester 
hours may be selected from any one academic field or special curri- 
culum except Speech including Dramatics. 

♦Three semester hours of the twelve required may be observation and participation in 
other age levels of the elementary field. 

♦♦Three of the twelve semester hours required may be observation and participation in 

the Early Childhood Education or Intermediate Education divisions. 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 



49 



SPECIAL EDUCATION 



(in Elementary Grades) 

Special Education for Mentally Retarded 



Sem. 



Arrangements of Courses in Special Education tor the Mentally Retarded 

Hours 

Clock Sem. 

I. Required IS 

Psychology of Exceptional 
Children 3 3 

Diagnostic Testing and Reme- 
dial Teaching 3 3 

Special Class Arts and 
Crafts I 6 3 

Special Class Arts and 
Crafts II 6 3 

Student Teaching in Classes for 

Mentally Retarded Children 3 1 

Special Class Methods 3 2 



Hrs. 
- 24 



Hours 
Clock Sem. 



II. Electives 

Education of Exceptional Chil- 
dren 3 

Mental or Educational Hygiene. 3 

Clinical Psychology 3 

Abnormal Psychology 3 

Mental Tests (group) 3 

Speech Correction 3 

Mental Tests (individual) 3 

Corrective Physical Education 3 



Speech Correction 



Arrangement of Course for Speech Correction 

Hours 
Clock Sem. 

I. Required 15 

Psychology of Exceptional Chil- 
dren 3 3 

Diagnostic Testing and Reme- 
dial Teaching 3 3 

Speech Problems 3 2 

Speech Clinic 4 2 

Psychology of Speech 3 3 

Phonetics 2 2 

•Preferred electives. 



Sem. Hrs. 
24 



Hours 
Clock Sem. 

II. Electives 9 

♦Mental Hygiene 3 3 

♦Mental Tests (Individual) 3 2 

♦Speech Clinic II 4 2 

♦Voice and Diction 2 2 

Clinical Psychology 3 3 

Mental Tests (Group) 3 2 



Speech Elective 

(For students in Elemeaitary or Secondary Curriculums) 

Sem. Hrs. 
Arrangement of Courses for a Speech Elective (Minimum as first field) 21 

Hours 
Clock Sem. 

I. Required 3 

Fundamentals of Speech 3 3 

(Not counted as part of the 
eighteen (18) needed for cer- 
tification.) 



Hours 

Clock Sem. 

II. Required for Elective 

Field of Speech 8 

Interpretative Reading 3 2 

Phonetics 2 2 

Play Production 3 2 

Speech Problems 3 2 



III. Electives for the Field of Speech 

Argumentation and Debate 2 

Community Dramatics and Pag- 
eantry 3 

Costuming and Make-up 3 

Creative Dramatics 2 



2 Psychology of Speech 3 3 

Speech Clinic (I) 4 2 

2 Speech Clinic (11) 4 2 

2 Speech Pathology 3 3 

2 Stagecraft and Scenic Design 4 2 

Voice and Diction 2 2 



50 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 



AREAS OF CONCENTRATION (ELECTIVE FIELDS) 
SECONDARY CURRICULUM 



Sem. Hrs. 
Elective Arrangement in the Field of English (Minimum as first field) 24 



Hours 
Clock Sem. 

I. Required 18 

English I and II 7 6 

Literature I and II 6 6 

English Philology 3 3 

Advanced Composition 3 3 



Hours 

Clock Sem. 

II. Electives 6 

Contemporary Poetry 2 2 

Essay 3 3 

Journalism 2 2 

Modern Drama 2 2 

Nineteenth Century Novel 3 3 

Modem Novel 3 3 

Pre-Shakespearean Literature 2 2 

Romantic Period 3 3 

Shakespeare 3 3 

Short Story 3 3 

Victorian Prose and Poetry 3 3 

World Literature 3 3 



Elective Arrangement in the Field of French (Minimum as first field) 24 



Hours 
Clock Sem. 

I. Required 18 

Intermediate French III & IV 6 6 

Seventeenth Century French Lit- 
erature 3 3 

Romantic Movement in French 
Literature 3 3 

Realistic Movement in French 

Literature 3 3 

Outline Course in French Lit- 
erature 3 3 



Hours 

Clock Sem. 

II. Electives 9 

French Novel 3 3 

French Drama 3 3 

Advanced Composition and 

Teaching of French 3 3 



Elective Arrangement in the Field of Latin (Minimum as first field) 



Hours 
Clock Sem. 

I. Required 18 

Virgil and Ovid 3 3 

Livy 3 3 

Cicero and Tacitus 3 3 

Horace 3 3 

Plautus and Terence 3 3 

Roman Civilization 3 3 



Hours 
Clock Sem. 



II. Electives 

Roman Letters 3 

Martial 3 



Elective Arrangement in the Field of Spanish (Minimum as first field) 



Hours 
Clock Sem. 

Elementary Spanish I & II 6 6 

Intermediate Spanish III & IV_ 6 6 

Commercial Spanish 3 3 



Hours 

Clock Sem. 

Survey Course in Spanish Lit- 
erature 3 3 

Survey Course in Spanish-Amer- 
ican Literature 3 3 

Advanced Composition and Con- 
versation 3 3 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 



51 



Sem. Hrs. 
Elective Arrangement in the Field of Mathematics (Minimum as first field) 24 



Hours 
Clock Sem. 

1. Required 18 

College Algebra 3 3 

College Trigonometry 3 3 

Analytic Geometry 3 3 

Calculus (I) 3 3 

Calculus (II) 3 3 

Statistics 3 3 



Hours 
Clock Sem. 

II. Electives 6 

Applied Mathematics 3 3 

College Algebra (II) 3 3 

History of Mathematics 3 3 

Synthetic Geometry 3 3 



Elective Arrangement in the Field of Science (Minimum as first field) 

Hours 
Clock Sem. 

I. Required 21 

Biological Science I and II 

(Botany, Zoology) 8 6 

Physical Science I and II 

(Chemistry, Physics) 8 6 

Advanced Physics 4 3 

Qualitative Analysis 4 3 

Advanced Biology 4 3 



Hours 
Clock Sem. 



II. Electives 

Descriptive Astronomy 2 

Physical Chemistry 4 

Organic Chemistry 4 

Quantitative Chemistry 4 

Mechanics 4 

Magnetism and Electricity 4 

Hydrostatics 4 

Physiology 4 

Comparative Anatomy 4 

Histology 4 

Physiography 3 

Geology 4 

Genetics 3 



Elective Arrangement in the Field of Social Studies (Minimum as first field) _— 24 



Hours 
Clock Sem. 

I. Required 19 

History of Civilization 4 4 

Economics 3 3 

American Government 3 3 

Sociology 3 3 

Modern European History 3 3 

Social and Industrial History of 

the U. S. 3 3 



Hours 
Clock Sem. 



II. Electives 

Comparative Government 3 

Early European History 3 

European History since World 

War 3 

History of England 3 

History of Ethics 3 

History of Far East 2 

History of Pennsylvania 3 

Industrial Relations 3 

Latin American History 3 

Evolution of Social Institutions 3 

Renaissance and Reformation 2 

U. S. History (H) 3 



Elective Arrangement in the Field of Geography (Minimum as first field) 24 



Hours 
Clock Sem. 

I. Required 18 

Principles of Geography 3 3 

Economic Geography 3 3 

Geography of U. S. and Canada 3 3 

Geography of Latin America 3 3 

Geography of Europe 3 3 

Geography of Pacific Realm 3 3 



Hours 
Clock Sem. 

II. Electives 6 

Climatology and Meteorology 3 3 

Commercial and Industrial Geog- 
raphy 3 3 

Conservation of Natural Re- 
sources 3 3 

Field Courses (to be approved) 3 3 

Physiography 3 3 

Trade and Transportation 3 3 



52 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 

COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 
ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY CURRICULUMS 

EDUCATION 

Adolescent Psychology 2 Sem, Hrs. 

This course deals with adjustment and development between the 
ages of eleven and twenty. It is designed to establish a reliable basis 
for guidance and individualizing of education. Discussions deal with 
problems of interest, personality, learning, and social life of adoles- 
cents. 

Child Adjustment 3 Sem, Hrs. 

This is a course in mental hygiene applied to the problems of the 
elementary school child. Problems of adjustment relate to school, home, 
and community. Plans for child accounting are studied. Prerequisites: 
General and Educational Psychology. 

Child Psychology 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course presents a general outline and application to some 
vital problems of child growth, learning, and adjustments. It is de- 
signed to establish a reliable basis for individualizing education. 
_j/ Problems of child play, motives, thinking, and social development are 
studied. 

Curriculum Blaterials: Selection and Adaptation 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course deals with sources of material, classification of ma- 
terials, and adaptation for class use. These materials include: printed 
materials in books, pamphlets, and magazines; visual materials; ob- 
ject, and personal contributions. The emphasis is not on quantity but 
on organization of teaching units and adaptation to actual teaching 
situations. 

Diagnosis and Remedial Instruction in Reading 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course is designed to familiarize students with techniques of 
diagnosing reading difficulties, and of determining appropriate rem- 
edial treatment. Opportunity is given for observing and participating 
in procedures in the reading clinic. 

Educational Measurements 2 Sem. Hrs. 

A consideration of the simpler statistical measures with particular 
emphasis on their application to classroom work is given. The prin- 
ciples underlying the construction of valid, reliable objective tests are 
examined, and practice is given in the making of classroom tests in 
the various fields of subject matter. A study is made of representa- 
tive standardized tests. Some attention is given to the vocabulary of 
measurements. 

Educational Psychology 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course provides experience in observation and discussion of 
the principles involved in the learning process. Problems deal with 
motivation of learning, learning activities, intelligence testing, pupil 
control, case studies, and individualized instruction. There are class 
experiments to clarify and to apply to each of the problems of study. 




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State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 53 

Ethics 3 Sem. Hrs. 

A consideration of not only the historical development of Ethics 
but of the various phases of human behavior for the purpose of as- 
sisting prospective teachers to formulate higher standards of conduct. 

The professional ethics of teachers will be stressed. 

Evolution of the American Public Schools 3 Sem. Hrs. 

The purpose of this course is to give the student an intelligent 
understanding of the evolution of elementary and secondary education 
in America from the Colonial period to the present. The relation of 
industrial and social changes to educational development is noted. Em- 
phasis is placed on the development of education in Pennsylvania. 

General Psychology 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course considers the human body as a responding mechanism, 
subject to laws of cause and effect. It is designed to help students in 
understanding fundamental principles, and a vocabulary essential to 
further study of psychology. Experiments will be used for clarifying 
principles and for familiarizing students with psychological methods. 
Applications of psychological principles are made to human behavior 
in relation to social institutions, vocations, and everyday problems.^ 

Guidance 2 Sem. Hrs. 

This course shows many problems of consulting and guidance 
work in the junior and senior high schools. Educational, social, and 
vocational guidance are emphasized. Some attention is paid to the 
meaning, scope, and method involved in the guidance movement. 

Parent Education 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course aims to help teachers in their contacts with parents 
and community. This is practice in preparing talks and conducting 
conferences on topics as: School Law, The Changing Curriculum, Child 
Adjustment, Community Play Activity. Actual practice is given in 
guiding parents in their study of educational literature, and of phy- 
sical, social, and mental needs of school children. 

Philosophy of Education 2 Sem. Hrs. 

The place of education in various well-known philosophies, the 
content of various educational philosophies, and the relation of former 
college courses to these are studied. Each student is expected to 
formulate his own creed and belief of what constitutes modern educa- 
tion. 

Place and Purpose of Education in the Social Order 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course deals primarily with the public school as a social insti- 
tution. The major problems are: (1) how the school has come to hold 
a place of influence in society; (2) to examine the forces and agencies 
which determine the progress and direction of the school program; 
(3) to evaluate the place of the teacher in modern society; (4) to show 
the value of educational agencies outside of the public schools. 

Problems of Secondary Education 2 Sem. Hrs. 

This course deals with the development, organization, and prob- 
lems of secondary education. It emphasizes the special functions of 
the junior high school. Much time is given to admission requirements, 
ability grouping, program of studies, departmentalization, plans of 
promotion. 



54 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 

School Law 1 Sem. Hr. 

This course presents the most fundamental State and National 
laws which are directly applicable to our public school system. The 
practical rather than the technical is emphasized. 

Teaching of Reading 3 Sem. Hrs. 

To acquaint students with reading objectives, activities, and ma- 
terial for the elementary grades, and to lead them to realize the place 
and function of reading in a school program designed to meet present 
social conditions are the main purposes of this course. It affords an 
opportunity to meet the individual needs of each student. 

Visual Education 1 Sem. Hr. 

This is a course which considers the psychological principles un- 
derlying "Visual or Other Sensory Aids" and also studies the collect- 
ing and assembling of suitable teaching material. 

Clinical Practice 3 Sem. Hrs. 

It is the purpose of this course to provide practical experience in 
clinical procedure. Most of the experience is gained in the psycho- 
logical division of the educational clinic. The work of the course con- 
sists, in the main, of the making of case studies, the administration of 
various tests, the use of clinical instruments, and the interpretation, 
recording, and reporting of findings. Intelligence tests, verbal and 
non-verbal, personality and interest inventories, and tests of special 
abilities and disabilities are used. The student also gains some 
acquaintance with the work of the divisions of speech and reading of 
the educational clinic. 

ENGLISH 

English I and II 6 Sem. Hrs. 

The fundamentals underlying both spoken and written English 
and their application in paragraph writing are stressed in this course. 
Attention is given to the individual needs of the student in Freshman 
English. Ten lessons in the use of the library are supplementary to 
English I. 

Fundamentals of Speech 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course is planned to acquaint the student with the organs 
of Speech and their action in the production of Speech sounds. Special 
emphasis is laid on the correction of phonetic speech disorders and the 
cultivation of a clear, pleasing, and well modulated voice. Practical 
application of techniques is made in the oral interpretation of prose 
and poetry, in brief talks and reports, and other speech activities. 

Literature I and II 6 Sem. Hrs. 

The first semester presents a survey of English literature which 
gives the student the background necessary for the enrichment of his 
ability to appreciate literature. In the second semester a survey of 
American Literature compares the artistic standards and lines of 
thought of the present with those of the past. This includes Pennsyl- 
vania's contribution. The aim is to give a fundamental knowledge and 
to develop appreciation in this field. 

Advanced Composition 3 Sem. Hrs. 

Current periodical literature is used as a source of contact with 
contemporary thought and with the methods and art of journalistic 
and literary writing. Such literary forms as are not touched upon in 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 55 

other courses in composition are studied here, and some writing is 
attempted in these forms according to the interest and talent of the 
individual writer. 

English Philology 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course gives a knowledge of and creates an interest in cur- 
rent word usage through a careful study of past and present trends 
in language development. 

Children's Literature 3 Sem. Hrs. 

To present standards for selecting literature for children, to give 
suggestions for teaching literature to children, to acquaint the student 
with new material in this field, to enable him to evaluate this material 
in the light of established standards and contemporary trends are the 
aims of this course. 

Contemporary Poetry 2 Sem. Hrs. 

This course is designed to furnish a pleasant and profitable intro- 
duction to recent poetic movements through lectures, class discus- 
sions, and reading in the works of the poets. 

Journalism 3 Sem. Hrs. 

The course gives the prospective adviser of a school publication 
theoretical knowledge and practical experience in production and spon- 
sorship. It provides practical experience on college publications within 
the limits of the individual student's interest and ability. Limited at- 
tention is also given to contacts between commercial journalism and 
the teacher. 

Modern Drama 2 Sem. Hrs. 

This course is a study of modern drama beginning v/ith the plays 
of Ibsen. It stresses the art and thought of the representative writers 
for the stage: British, Continental, and American. Special emphasis 
is given to Ibsen, Shaw, and O'Neil. 

Modern Novel 3 Sem. Hrs. 

How the reading of modern novels may combine entertainment 
and a serious study of present-day living is the main consideration of 
this course. Attention is also given to the current novel as a develop- 
ing art form. 

Nineteenth Century Novel 3 Sem. Hrs. 

The humor and moral idealism represented in the several basic 
currents of nineteenth century fiction are considered as sources of en- 
tertainment and as a revealing perspective to contemporary literature. 
American, English, and European novels are read. The course is com- 
plete in itself and also provides a useful background to the course in 
the modern novel. 

Pre-Shakespearean Literature 2 Sem. Hrs. 

Among the works studied in this course are the following: Beo- 
wolf, the Prologue to the Canterbury Tales along with several of the 
Tales, selections from Morte d'Arthur, Utopia, selected passages from 
the Faery Queen, and representative early English dramas. 

Romantic Literature 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course centers around the works of the great writers of the 
Romantic period: Burns, Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Shelly, Keats, 
Scott, and Austen. Study reflects the life and thought of this im- 
portant period. 



56 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 



Shakespeare 3 Sem. Hrs. 

An appreciative knowledge of Shakespeare is developed through 
the intensive study of some of his greatest plays and the outside read- 
ing of others. The number of plays included is determined by the 
class and the time. 

Short Story 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This is an introduction to the French, Russian, English, and Amer- 
ican short story, with particular emphasis on the American. Represen- 
tative stories are studied in class, and others read outside. Attention 
is given to evaluating the merit of stories and compiling appropriate 
lists for teaching. Those interested in story writing are permitted to 
substitute an original story for part of the supplementary reading. 

Teaching of English and Handwriting 3 Sem. Hrs. 

Emphasis is placed on the content of courses in English as taught 
in the Elementary grades, on methods of teaching oral and written 
composition, principles of grammar, poetry, and literature. The peda- 
gogical equipment essential to a teacher of handwriting is discussed, 
and reference work on the psychology of handwriting together with 
demonstration lessons to show its application completes the work. 

The Essay 3 Sem. Hrs. 

In this course the various sources of the essay are investigated 
and the lines of development carefully noted. Illustrative examples 
from the literature of the most important nations are studied. These 
examples include the following types of essays; personal, descriptive, 
character sketch, critical, editorial, and reflective. Special attention 
is given to the modern American essay. 

Victorian Prose and Poetry 3 Sem. Hrs. 

Through a somewhat intensive study of representative works of 
Ruskin, Carlyle, Tennyson, and Browning, this course gives the stu- 
dent a comprehensive knowledge of the life and various important 
movements of the age as these find expression in its literature. 

World Literature 3 Sem. Hrs. 

The material consists of selections from the literatures of Conti- 
nental Europe and the Orient, chronologically presented in English 
translation. The purpose is to examine the author's thoughts rather 
than his style, and to trace consistent traditions in literature and life 
from ancient tim.es to the present. Basic problems in the history of 
literary criticism and appreciation are also outlined. 

FRENCH 

Intermediate French III and IV 6 Sem. Hrs. 

The course gives a thorough review of French syntax; vocabulary 
building; phonetics; translation; reading for comprehension without 
translation. 

Seventeenth Century French Literature 3 Sem. Hrs. 

^ A study of the drama and of various types of literature of this 
period is presented, readings from Corneille, Racine, Moliere, and La- 
Fontaine are used. 

Romantic Movement in French Literature 3 Sem. Hrs. 

French Literature of the first half of the nineteenth century; read- 
ing from Chateaubriand, Lamartine, Hugo, Musset, and Balzac. 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 57 

Realistic Movement in French Literature 3 Sem. Hrs. 

French Literature after 1850: A study of the literary movements 
in France after the decline of Romanticism. Selected works from out- 
standing dramatists and novelists are used as texts. 

Outline Course in French Literature 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This is a general course in French Literature from its beginning 
to the present time. Lectures and assigned readings are given. 

French Novel 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This survey course traces the development of the French novel; 
readings from Lesage, Marivaux, Mile. deScudery, Rosseau, Vigny, 
Voltaire, Balzac, Zola, and Loti are used. 

French Drama 3 Sem. Hrs. 

A study of the history of French dramatic literature; reading 

from Beaumarchais, Marivaux, Corneille, Racine, and Hugo are in- 
cluded in the course. 

Advanced Composition and Teaching of French 3 Sem. Hrs. 

A reviev/ of syntax with practice in composition; a survey of the 
general principles of phonetics and methods of teaching French are 
offered in this course. 

LATIN 

Virgil and Ovid 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course based on readings from the Aeneid and Metamor- 
phoses, includes a review of Latin case structure and syntax. Em- 
phasis is placed on developing correct habits of reading and trans- 
lation. 

Livy 3 Sem. Hrs. 

A study of the historical problems connected with this period of 
Roman History is made. Books I, XXI, and XXII are used in texts. 

Cicero and Tacitus 3 Sem. Hrs. 

DeSenectute and DeAmicita, together with selections from Agri- 
cola, are studied. 

Horace 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course is designed to acquaint the students with the prin- 
ciples underlying Latin versification. 

Plautus and Terence 3 Sem. Hrs. 

The Captives by Plautus and Phormio by Terence are used as a 
basis for the study of Latin comedy. 

Roman Civilization 3 Sem. Hrs. 

The family, organization of society, marriage, dress, education, 
amusements, and politics of the Romans are studied. 

Roman Letters 3 Sem. Hrs. 

Selections from the letters of Cicero and Pliny the Younger. 

Martial 3 Sem. Hrs. 

Selections from Martial's Epigrams. 



58 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 

SPANISH 

Elementary Spanish I & II 6 Sem. Hrs. 

For students who have had no Spanish. Pronunciation, Grammar, 
Dictation, and graded readings. 

Intermediate Spanish III & IV 6 Sem. Hrs. 

Prose Composition, readings, grammar, and conversation. 

Commercial Spanish 3 Sem. Hrs, 

Practice in Spanish commercial correspondence, vpith assignments 
in background reading. 

Survey Course in Spanish Literature 3 Sem. Hrs. 

A study of literary movements in Spain, with readings from rep- 
resentative v?riters. 

Survey Course in Spanish-American Literature 3 Sem. Hrs. 

A study of literary movements in Spanish America, with readings 
from representative authors. 

Advanced Composition and Conversation 3 Sem. Hrs. 

Oral and written composition; discussion in Spanish of assigned 
topics. 

GEOGRAPHY 

Climatology and Meteorology 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course is designed to develop an appreciation of our atmos- 
pheric environment and to emphasize climatic influence on man's 
activities. Elements of weather and climate are observed and studied. 

Commercial and Industrial Geography 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This is an interpretative survey of the commerce and industry of 
the United States in relation to other regions of the world. Geographic 
conditions affecting industry, production, and commerce of the world; 
developments and relations of commercial areas to location and avail- 
ability of resources and to markets are the chief aims of the course. 

Conservation of Natural Resources 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course gives the student a broader concept of our natural 
resources. Major governmental projects, our minerals, water re- 
sources, plant resources, soil, and numerous other resources are 
studied. 

Economic Geography 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This is a general course dealing with the economic commodities of 
various countries of the world from a regional vie-wpoint. An analysis 
of the economic principles and geographic factors of our modern en- 
vironment is given careful consideration. 

Geography of Europe 3 Sem. Hrs. 

A careful study is made of the various countries of Europe. The 
physical-political approach is used to understand the present economic 
factors which make the Europe of today. 

Geography of Latin America 3 Sem. Hrs. 

A regional study is made of South America, Mexico, and Car- 
ibbean Lands. Special emphasis is given to regional differences and 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 59 

similiarities. Latin American relations with other nations, especially 
the United States, are stressed. 

Geography of the Pacific Realm 3 Sem. Hrs. 

Special emphasis is given to a description and an interpretation of 
the major regions of Asia, Africa, and Australia. Relationships be- 
tween regions and between the Orient and the Western world areas 
are stressed. 

Geography of the United States and Canada 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This is a regional study of the two countries. Special emphasis is 
given to the physical and economic conditions. Current issues are dis- 
cussed. 

Physiography 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This is a systematic study of land forms, their changes, and their 
influences on man. The content of this course is basic for the study 
of regional courses in geography. 

Principles of Geography 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course is organized to give a foundation for further geo- 
graphic study. The units of earth relations, weather, climate, maps, 
land forms, inland bodies of water, oceans, soils, and vegetation are 
treated as bases for interpretation of earth regions. 

Trade and Transportation 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course is designed to give a better understanding of the rela- 
tionships which exist between the major countries of the world rela- 
tive to our trade and transportation. The course analyzes and com- 
pares chief channels of trade, factors involved and principles under- 
lying commerce between nations, means of transportation, and com- 
modities entering into world trade. 

MUSIC 

Music I 2 Sem. Hrs. 

Planned to prepare the regular grade teacher to teach her own 
music in the first three grades under supervision. It includes the 
study of suitable rote songs, the acquaintance with reading material, 
and oral and written ear training. The best practical methods known 
are discussed and used in presenting the material. 

Music II 2 Sem. Hrs. 

A continuation of Music I, progressing into the more difficult and 
interesting material. A singing of two- and three-part music is one 
of the accomplishments of this course. It is especially designed to 
prepare and assist the regular grade teacher to teach her own music 
under supervision in grades IV, V, and VI. 

Appreciation of Music 2 Sem. Hrs. 

An opportunity is given to listen to the best music in its different 
forms. Attention is given to the development of music through the 
ages along with interesting information concerning the greatest com- 
posers and artists. Ways and means of developing appreciation are 
studied. 



60 State Teachers College, Blocmsburg, Pa. 

HEALTH AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION 

Health Education I and II 4 Sem. Hrs. 

This course continues throughout the Freshman year. One period 
per week is given to Personal Hygiene which includes health habits 
and development of the various systems of the body. Three periods 
per week are given to Physical Education in which the following 
activities are taught: basket ball, hockey, fencing, soccer, touch foot- 
ball, apparatus, folk dancing, relays, tumbling, volley ball, archery, 
mush ball, tennis, boxing, and wrestling. 

Teaching of Health 2 Sem. Hrs. 

This course is devoted to the health of the elementary school 
child, emphasizing his growth, development, and education in whole- 
some health ideals, attitudes, and habits. Methods of presenting the 
material given in the State Course of Study are stressed. 

ART 
Art I 2 Sem. Hrs. 

The purpose of this course is to acquaint students with various 
media; and to give practice in drawing, lettering, poster making, crea- 
tive designing, and the use of color. 

Art II — Problems in Art Education 2 Sem. Hrs. 

This course is designed to provide actual experience in the selec- 
tion and development of problems suitable for elementary art educa- 
tion; paper and cardboard construction, modeling, and carving. 
Emphasis is placed upon the integration of art with other elementary 
school subjects. 

Art Appreciation 2 Sem. Hrs. 

This course aims to develop sound aesthetic judgment; apprecia- 
tion of good design in clothes and in home decoration. Emphasis is 
placed on the elements and principles of art as an aid to the student 
in recognizing and enjoying works of art. 



MATHEMATICS 
Analytic Geometry 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course stresses the development of meaning in the point, the 
line,_ and the plane; coordination as a means of picturing a mathe- 
matical function, a visual understanding of the various conies, ability 
to develop the formulas that usually go with the first course of ana- 
lytics and their application to the same. 

Applied Mathematics 3 Sem. Hrs. 

In this course, the need and place of mathematics in science and 
industry is stressed. This aim is accomplished by a study of the prac- 
tical applications of graphical methods, trigonometry, algebra, and 
analytic geometry. A summarization of elementary mathematics is 
made and the way opened for later specialization. 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 61 

Curriculum in Arithmetic 2 Sem. Hrs. 

To acquaint the teacher with the history, philosophy, sociology, 
and psychology underlying the pedagogy of number learning is the 
aim of this course. Methods of teaching, number understanding, and 
processes are developed in harmony with the most dependable ex- 
perimentation in this field. 

Calculus I and II 6 Sem. Hrs. 

This course develops the idea of the social and scientific values of 
calculus, the idea of infinitesimal changes in time and space and their 
graphical representation. It also develops the necessary mathematical 
skills to compute these changes. Differentiation and integration as 
correlative processes of the same type of thought is carried through- 
out. Differential equations are introduced. 

College Algebra I 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course extends the skills of secondary algebra to cover the 
ordinary phases of college algebra. The ideas of mathematical induc- 
tion, development of ability to think in terms of abstract symbols, 
and seeing algebra as an integrating factor in all mathematics are 
included. 

College Algebra II 3 Sem. Hrs. 

The aims of this course are the same as those of Algebra I, the 
difference being only a matter of extent of the skills achieved and 
their application to the resulting broader fields. 

College Trigonometry 3 Sem. Hrs. 

The stress in this course is on the application of knowledge of 
ratios through similarities making functions meaningful, the uses of 
algebra in the field of trigonometry, formula development and appli- 
cation, triangular solutions in all their phases, perfection of abilities 
in exponentials and logarithms and their application to problems. 

History of Mathematics 3 Sem. Hrs. 

A knowledge of the struggles through which mankind has gone in 
his development of mathematical thought and skills is acquired. 
Treatment is also given to the necessity of mathematical thought in 
social development, mathematics as a social science, the biographical 
and problematical phases of mathematical growth, appreciation of re- 
lationship of mathematics to all phases of science, industry, art, and 
culture. 

Statistics 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course develops the ability to read with understanding tables 
of statistical matter, interpretation and creation of tables and graphs 
of statistical data, computation and interpretation of central tenden- 
cies and deviations, the application of the ordinary skills of statistics 
in the fields of physical and social science, psychology, and education. 

Synthetic Geometry 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course coordinates and extends the skills in geometry, pre- 
sents some of the world's problems in geometry, develops ability to 
make constructions of a higher order than that done in other fields of 



62 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 

mathematics. The method of proof is extended to cover all those 
usually employed on mathematics. 

Teaching of Secondary School Mathematics 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This is an over-view of mathematics in the light of the needs of 
secondary schools, curriculum tendencies and needs, and unit construc- 
tion. Coordination of mathematics, methods, mathematical experi- 
mentation, diagnosis, and remedial instructions are treated. 



SCIENCE 

Astronomy 1 Sem. Hr. 

Descriptive astronomy is given with the mathematical phases of 

the subject generally omitted. The various elements of the solar 

system, their physical characteristics and motions, the interesting 

• phenomena of our galactic system, and those of extra-galactic space, 

together with study of constellations are the main considerations. 

Bacteriology 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course presents the representative forms. The importance of 
bacteria in genera.1 from the standpoint of health and disease, eco- 
nomic processes, and importance are stressed. In the main non- 
pathogenic forms are used for the laboratory work. 

Biological Science I and II 6 Sem. Hrs. 

The fundamental principles and theories of general biology are 
presented in this course. It deals with the function of the cell, ad- 
justment of the living organism to environment, the nervous system, 
and endocrine secretions. A seasonal survey of plant and animal life 
through a study of local forms is given. Heredity and evolution are 
included. Students specializing in biological science may substitute 
Botany and Zoology for these courses. 

Botany I and II 6 Sem. Hrs. 

A study is made of plant biology with laboratory based upon the 
structure and function of the plant body parts of the angiosperms, 
the root, stem, leaf, bud, flower, seed, together with interesting varia- 
tions of these. The evolution and economic importance of these plants 
are considered. The thallophytes, bryophytes, pteridophytes, and 
gymnosperms of the spermatophytes are the sources from which the 
subject material is drawn. The variations in structure and physiology 
and their meaning together with the economic importance and evolu- 
tion of these plants are stressed. 

Chemistry I and II (Inorganic) 6 Sem. Hrs. 

The lectures and demonstrations deal with fundamental theories 
and laws of chemistry. Common non-metallic elements and their com- 
pounds are included. The laboratory experiments are designed to 
acquaint the student with the properties of the principal elements 
and their compounds. It includes the study of metals and their com- 
pounds and an introduction to carbon compounds. 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 63 

Qualitative Analysis 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This general course in qualitative analysis deals with the syste- 
matic separation and identification of the more common metals and 
acids. It will include a study of the application of the theories of 
General Chemistry, ionization theory, mass action law, and the prin- 
ciples of chemical equilibrium to qualitative analysis. Prerequisite: 
Inorganic Chemistry. 

Quantitative Analysis 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This is a study of the fundamental principles of gravimetric and 
volumetric analysis with laboratory practice in the preparing and 
standardizing of solutions, and the analysis of a variety of substances 
by the volumetric and gravimetric methods, including the part played 
by the indicators. Prerequisites: Inorganic and Qualitative Chemistry. 

Comparative Anatomy 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course is based on lecture and laboratory work. The forms 
studied in the laboratory dissection are selected from the vertebrates; 
they are the amphioxus, dogfish, necturus, and mammal. 

Curriculum in Elementary Science 3 Sem. Hrs. 

A survey is made of the elementary science programs in represen- 
tative schools of the United States. A thorough study is made of the 
Pennsylvania State Course of Study. The principles of selection as 
well as the preparation and use of demonstration materials in teach- 
ing elementary science are studied. The organization and supervision 
of Audubun clubs, flower clubs, and other nature clubs are presented. 

Ecology 3 Sem. Hrs. 

A study is made of the plant and animal associations, distribution 
and environmental factors, population equilibrium, habitat types, and 
methods of conservation. 

Embryology 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course, based upon the frog, chick, and pig, demonstrates the 
principles of vertebrate embryology. The work includes laboratory 
studies of the histology of adult reproductive organs, development and 
maturation of sex cells, segmentation, development of the germ layers 
and organs, and the formation of the external form of the body. 

Entomology 3 Sem. Hrs. 

A general study is made of insects, including structure, phy- 
siology, economic importance, classification, and relationships. Each 
student is required to participate in field trips and complete a pro- 
ject including the collection and special report on some group of in- 
sects. 

Genetics 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course is a study of the mechanism and principles governing 
heredity. Emphasis will be placed upon the inheritance of human 
mental and physical traits. No laboratory work. 



64 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 

Geology 3 Sem. Hrs. 

The subject matter of this course with field work includes the 
recognition of the various land and water forms, and the elements of 
these; how these came to be, the forces and conditions responsible for 
them, their probable fates in the future, together with their effects 
upon the economy of the present. The historical phases of the sub- 
ject are amply stressed. 

Heat 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This is a course that embraces the measurements of heat, expan- 
sion, heat engines, the relation of heat and work, and other related 
topics. 

Histology 3 Sem. Hrs. 

A course in which the various tissues and organs of the human 
body are studied from the viewpoint of their structure. Enough of 
function is included to give added meaning to the work. In all in- 
stances where the structure or function of the human tissue can bet- 
ter be understood from other animal tissues, such use is made. The 
technique of preparing the materials used is given special attention, 
the student in the main preparing his own slides. The work through- 
out is based on laboratory studies. 

Hydrostatics 3 Sem. Hrs. 

A study is made of the fundamental laws of fluids at rest, also 
of the machines based on these laws. 

Industrial Chemistry 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course is a study of fundamental principles of chemistry as 
used in selected industries. The operating efficiency, chemical manu- 
facture, equipment used, methods of attacking new problems, and or- 
ganization of reports are studied. Each student will select a special 
problem from some one industry. Prerequisite: Physical Chemistry. 

Magnetism and Electricity 3 Sem. Hrs. 

A study is made of magnetism, direct and alternating current, and 
the elementary theory of electron tubes and their applications. 

Mechanics 3 Sem.Hrs. 

This is a course in general mechanics treating in more detail the 
subject as presented in Physics I. 

Modern Physics 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This is a study of the recent developments in physics with em- 
phasis on X-rays and crystal structure, models of the atom, radio- 
activity, artificial transmutation, electron tubes, and the cosmic ray. 

Organic Chemistry 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This is a general introductory course in organic chemistry includ- 
ing a systematic study of the more important compounds of carbon, 
and their occurrence, laboratory preparation, reactions, relations, and 
uses. Prerequisite: Inorganic Chemistry. 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 65 

Physical Chemistry 3 Sem. Hrs. 

The subject matter of this course includes: gases, liquids, solids, 
chemical equilibrium, reaction velocities, solutions, catalysts, ioniza- 
tion, elements of thermo-chemistry, and the application of the phase 
rule. Prerequisites: Chemistry 1, 2, 3; Physics 1, 2, and Math, courses 
Including Calculus. 

Physical Science I and II 6 Sem. Hrs. 

This is a survey presented from the standpoint of appreciation 
rather than the mastery of a group of facts. The aim is to make the 
student aware of the natural forces through the physical interpreta- 
tion of everyday phenomena; and to show how the discoveries of 
science have changed our ways of living and thinking. The lecture- 
demonstration method is used. Material is largely selected from the 
fields of astronomy, physics, chemistry, and earth sciences. Students 
specializing in Physical Science may substitute Physics and Chemistry 
for these courses. 

Physics I 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This is an introductory course in mechanics, sound, and heat. 
Fundamental principles and their applications are developed through 
lecture, demonstration, and individual laboratory work. 

Physics II 3 Sem. Hrs. 

A continuation of Physics I, deals with the phenomena and prin- 
ciples of magnetism, electricity, and light. Lectures and recitations 
are supplemented by individual laboratory work. 

Physiological Chemistry 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course deals with the fundamental principles involved in the 
physiological manifestations of life. A study of physico-chemical con- 
stitutions of living matter, surface tension, diffusion, asmotic pressure, 
electrolysis and ionic concentration, and the significance of colloidal 
states is made. Prerequisites: Chemistry 1, 2, 3, Organic Chemistry, 
and Physics 1, 2. 

Physiology 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This is a course in human physiology based on laboratory work. 
Anatomy and histology is injected to make the work meaningful. In 
the course the following are stressed: studies of the supporting tissues, 
muscles, nervous system, the circulatory system, respiration, digestion, 
excretion, reproduction, and the voice. 

Sound 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This is a study of the nature and general phenomena of sound 
waves. The course includes a survey of the scientific basis of music 
and the operation of musical instruments. 

Zoology I and II 6 Sem. Hrs. 

This is a course based upon lecture and laboratory work. The 
forms studied are selected from the protozoans, the invertebrates and 
the vertebrates, the frog being the typical form selected from the lat- 
ter. The study of these forms is based upon morphology, physiology, 
and development with the implications of variations of these. The 



66 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 

ecology and evolution of these forms, together with their places in the 
economy of man are also included. 

SOCIAL STUDIES 

American Government 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course presents the basic principles of American government, 
the machinery through which it works, and some of its major prob- 
lems. In the study of Federal, State, and local governments attention 
is given to current problems. 

Civic Education 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course gives the student a program for citizenship preparation 
in the elementary school which includes a basic outline for character 
education. 

Economics 3 Sem. Hrs. 

The fundamental principles of economics including production, dis- 
tribution, consumption, and exchange are studied. Present day prob- 
lems of public finance, business organization, monetary situations, in- 
surance, banking, and labor difficulties are considered. 

Early European History 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course deals with the political, social, and economic develop- 
ment of Europe to 1815. An attempt is made to emphasize those fea- 
tures which have a definite bearing on world affairs of today. 

Modern European History 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course deals with the political, social, and economic develop- 
ment of Europe from 1815 with emphasis on the features which have a 
definite bearing on world affairs today. It coordinates American and 
European developments. 

History of Civilization 4 Sem. Hrs. 

This course stresses the development of institutions liberalizing in 
character and valuable in present civilization. The political, economic, 
ethical, domestic, and religious types of culture are evaluated through 
an historical treatment. This course emphasizes large sweeping move- 
ments rather than individuals, nations, or dates. 

History of England 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course gives a survey of England's development with especial 
reference to its contribution to American background and growth. 
The governmental, social, and cultural contributions are stressed. 

History of Ethics 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course attempts to find and understand the basis for ethical 
standards. It traces their development and seeks to find historic 
proofs. It helps to form a sound philosophy of life with a firm his- 
torical background. 

History of the Far East 2 Sem. Hrs. 

This course is a survey of the movements of the Far East as they 
contribute to the history of the world. Attention is given to such 



state Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 67 



movements as imperalism, open door, and cultural interchange. 
Causes for our misunderstanding of the Orient and their misunder- 
standing of the Occident are shown. . 

History of Latin America 3 Sem. Hrs. 

A survey is made of Latin American history stressing the rela- 
tionships with the United States and Europe. Their political, eco- 
nomic, and social problems of the past several centuries are studied. 

History of Pennsylvania 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course traces the growth of the Commonwealth showing the 
racial traits and characteristics. The transportation, industrial, social, 
and cultural contribution to the nation is emphasized. Pennsylvania's 
part in national movements is stressed. An opportunity to study local 
history is given. 

Comparative Government 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course stresses the principles and practical problems of gov- 
ernment: studies the origin, development, form, and function of the 
State. 

Evolution of Social Institutions 3 Sem. Hrs. 

The sociological background in the origin and development of 
social institutions such as the family and church is studied. A large 
portion of the course is devoted to problems of the family. 

Renaissance and Reformation 2 Sem. Hrs. 

This course studies the transition from the Mediaeval to the 
Modern periods. The intellectual awakening as it appears in the dif- 
ferent countries of Europe affecting all lines of interest forms the 
basis of consideration. An analysis of the religious organization and 
thought as it forms a background for our present-day thought is a 
major aim. 

Principles of Sociology 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This is a study of the various fundamental concepts: the origin, 
development, form, and function of human relationships. 

Social and Industrial United States History 3 Sem. Hrs. 

A study is made of the numerous social and economic forces which 
have been influential in developing American institutions. This back- 
ground develops the ability of students to evaluate present-day prob- 
lems. Consideration is given to some of the more recent agencies set 
up to solve our social and economic difficulties. 

U. S. History I 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course shows the development of American life to the close 
of the Civil War. An evaluation of our American ideals and the 
growth of our particular type of organization in government is 
stressed. The broadening of American interests as they lead to world 
activities and relationships to present-day problems are included. 



68 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 

U. S. History II 3 Sem. Hrs. 

A survey is given of the political history of the United States 
from 1865 to the present day. Special emphasis is placed upon pres- 
ent-day relationships and underlying principles. 

SPEECH 

Argumentation and Debate 2 Sem. Hrs. 

This is designed for a prospective debate coach, considering the 
selection of teams, gathering of material, types of arguments, evi- 
dence and refutation, audience analysis, technique of judging, and gen- 
eral platform problems. 

Community Dramatics and Pageantry 2 Sem. Hrs. 

Methods and procedures in planning projects for community use 
are considered in line with the philosophy and principles of the Adult 
Education program. This aids the teacher who is expected to partici- 
pate in community programs as well as those conducted in the schools. 

Costuming and Make-Up 2 Sem. Hrs. 

The history of costume is traced from ancient to modern times — 
costume design, fabrics, effect of lights on color and material in cos- 
tumes, and costume plates. Actual practice in make-up of straight 
and character types is properly supervised. 

Creative Dramatics 2 Sem. Hrs. 

A program of creative dramatics is traced from the kindergarten 
through the junior high school. The translation of subject matter into 
dramatic materials and the stimulation of creative handwork through 
making simple settings and costumes makes this a valuable course for 
elementary teachers. 

Fundamentals of Speech 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course is planned to acquaint the student with the organs 
of Speech and their action in the production of Speech sounds. Special 
emphasis is laid on the correction of phonetic speech disorders and 
the cultivation of a clear, pleasing, and well modulated voice. Prac- 
tical application of techniques is made in the oral interpretation of 
prose and poetry, in brief talks and reports, and other speech 
activities. 

Interpretive Reading 2 Sem. Hrs. 

This course is organized for those who plan to teach oral read- 
ing, literature, or to assist with declamation and forensic work. 

Phonetics 2 Sem. Hrs. 

Phonetics is a sound by sound analysis of speech in order that the 
student may accurately hear the sounds, thus being able to improve 
his own speech habits and equip him for later courses in Speech Cor- 
rection and Dramatics. 

Play Production 2 Sem. Hrs. 

This is a survey of recognized principles of play production, in- 
cluding the elements of make-up, lighting, scenery, direction of plays. 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 69 

When possible, the student is asked to direct a one-act play for prac- 
tical demonstration. Casting, the try-out, the choice of plays suitable 
for school and community use are discussed. 

Psychology of Speech 3 Sem. Hrs. 

Every case demands a different psychological approach in diag- 
nosis and remedial treatment, with emphasis on the treatment of 
stammering. The course begins with the development of language 
in the child. 

Speech Clinic I, II 4 Sem. Hrs. 

The student has an opportunity to diagnose, study, and follow 
through a procedure of correction with different types of speech dis- 
orders, all under the close supervision of the clinician. Additional 
time is given to observational work as conducted by the clinician. 

Speech Pathology 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course acquaints the student with the anatomy and phy- 
siology of the speech mechanism, particular emphasis being placed 
on the respiratory organs, larynx, resonators, and articulators. It 
further acquaints the student with causes, symptoms, nature, and 
management of all types of speech disorders, exercises and procedure 
to follow. 

Speech Proble,ms 2 Sem. Hrs. 

This is a survey of the field of Speech Correction acquainting the 
student with literature on the subject and particularly stressing the 
matter of treatment of minor speech disorders. 

Stagecraft and Scenic Design 2 Sem. Hrs. 

This course naturally follows the play production survey and in- 
cludes the theory and practices of designing sets, modeling to scale, 
construction and painting scenery, making of properties, and lighting 
effects. 

Voice and Diction 2 Sem. Hrs. 

This course considers advanced ear training, breathing, phrasing, 
inflections, pitch, quality, tempo, rhythm, force, resonance, and range. 



70 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa, 



DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS EDUCATION 

PURPOSE 

The State Department of Public Instruction has designated the 
State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania, as one of the insti- 
tutions in which the high school commercial teachers of the Common- 
wealth may be educated. The Bachelor of Science in Education degree 
is conferred on the completion of the Business Education Curriculum 
authorized by the State Council of Education. 

Graduates of this curriculum are fully certified to supervise or 
teach commercial subjects in any junior or senior high school of Penn- 
sylvania. This curriculum is so broad that it not only educates stu- 
dents to teach but also gives them the choice of several business 
vocations. The training provides adequate preparation in business 
knowledge and skills as well as teaching theory and practice. 



ENTRANCE REQUIREMENTS 

This curriculum has proved so popular since it was organized in 
1930, that only a limited number carefully selected students are ad- 
mitted. All persons who expect to enroll as Freshmen should make 
their reservations early in the year. Only the better high school stu- 
dents are accepted. This does not mean that new students must have 
had commercial work in high school or business college. Many stu- 
dents who have not had previous commercial training complete the 
Business Education Curriculum successfully. 

Prospective students are urged to come to the College and meet 
the members of our faculty. 

As this curriculum is of collegiate grade, advanced standing is not granted 
for work completed in secondary schools, business colleges or unaccredited 
business schools. 



ADVANCED STANDING 

Entrants who have earned previous College credits should submit 
a transcript of such work before they enroll. If advanced standing 
for work completed in other institutions is expected, credit transcripts 
should accompany the application for enrollment. Advanced standing 
will be granted for work completed in other institutions of college 
grade, when, in the judgment of the Dean of Instruction, such courses 
seem to be equivalent to subjects contained in the Business Education 
Curriculum. 

If a tentative evaluation of completed college work is desired, a 
transcript showing the name of the course, the grade, and the credit 
hours should be forwarded to the Director of the Department of Busi- 
ness Education. This evaluation may precede the enrollment of the 
student. 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 71 



CERTIFICATION OF BUSINESS EDUCATION TEACHERS 

REGULATIONS GOVERNING THE ISSUE OF NEW 
CERTIFICATES 

A. Provisional College Certificate — issued to graduates of approved 
four year teacher education curriculums in business education in 
accredited colleges and universities. 

1. Business subjects are written on a certificate on the satisfac- 
tory completion of the minimum number of semester hours in 
several subjects, as indicated below: 

Bookkeeping 12 semester hours 

Commercial or Economic Geography 6 semester hours 

Commercial Law 6 semester hours 

Commercial Arithmetic 3 semester hours 

Office Practice 3 semester hours 

Salesmanship 3 semester hours 

Shorthand 9 semester hours 

Typewriting 6 semester hours 

Junior Business Training 3 semester hours 

Economics 6 semester hours 

Retail Selling 12 semester hours 

Business English 2 semester hours 

plus twelve (12) semester hours in English. 

2. Certificates are valid for teaching only those business subjects 
which are written on the certificate. 

B- Permanent College Certificate — the provisional college certificate 
will be made permanent on evidence of three years of teaching 
on the provisional college certificate in the public schools of Penn- 
sylvania, with a rating of "middle" or better; and the satisfac- 
tory completion of six semester hours of additional education of 
collegiate grade, one-half of which must be professional. 

EXTENSION OF COLLEGE CERTIFICATES TO INCLUDE 
THE BUSINESS SUBJECTS 

A college certificate may be extended to include business subjects 
on the satisfactory completion of courses selected from an approved 
teacher education curriculum in business education (action of State 
Council of Education, December 2, 1938). These courses are based 
on a good background in the social sciences. 

Until September 1, 1939 18 semester hours 

After September 1, 1939 24 semester hours 

After September 1, 1940 30 semester hours 

VALIDITY OF CERTIFICATES 

A certificate to teach business education is valid for teaching 
those subjects written on the face of it in all grades above the sixth. 

NOTE: Provisional college certificates issued after August 31, 1935, 
require a course in visual aids and sensory techniques to be 
made permanent, completed either before or after the issue 
of the provisional college certificate. 



72 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 



EQUIPMENT 

Business skills and practice cannot be learned wholly from books. 
The Department of Business Education is well equipped with the most 
modern office machines and devices. All desks, tables, chairs, files, 
and other business equipment are new. Students learn to operate 
standard and noiseless typewriters, addressographs, adding machines, 
posting and bookkeeping machines, calculation and ditto machines, 
mimeoscopes, multigraphs, mimeographs, and dictaphones. By oper- 
ating these machines, students acquire a well-rounded knowledge of 
the mechanics of business which is invaluable in teaching. 

OFFICE PRACTICE AND BUSINESS EXPERIENCE 

A student completing this curriculum has had an opportunity to 
spend one and one-half years in office practice courses. In these three 
courses in office practice, a student acts as an actual business worker 
in four different offices where he is held responsible for the same 
vocational efficiency as the regularly employed office workers. This 
actual experience is supplemented by class instruction covering the 
following: office skill and phases of business knowledge; alphabetic, 
geographic, and numeric filing with actual practice; dictation and 
transcription at high rates of speed; the cutting of stencils, and the 
operation of the mimeograph machine; the making of stencils with the 
mimeoscope; the preparation of copy and duplication on the ditto and 
multigraph machines; the complete operation of the dictaphone; ad- 
vanced work in business papers; the operation of the Burroughs post- 
ing machine and the Underwood bookkeeping machine; and the opera- 
tion of adding machines and calculators. 

The courses in office practice are not textbook courses but repre- 
sent the actual carrying out of business transactions. While there is 
no substitute for business experience, we feel that such actual ex- 
perience as provided in connection with the above outlined work in 
office practice materially aids the teacher of commercial subjects when 
he attacks classroom problems. 

PRACTICE TEACHING 

In order that Senior students may have an opportunity to observe 
and teach in actual class rooms, the Commercial Departments of six 
high schools are used. In addition to the Commercial Department of 
the Bloomsburg High S'chool, the Berwick High School, and Danville 
High School, three high schools, located in Williamsport, Pennsyl- 
vania, now serve as student teaching centers for Commercial students. 
Of these three high schools, two of them are junior high schools, and 
the third a senior high school. The three high schools used in Wil- 
liamsport, Pennsylvania, are: The Senior High School, Andrew Curtin 
Junior High School, and Theodore Roosevelt Junior High School. In 
the six high schools, cooperating with the College for student teaching 
purposes, there are fifteen regular teachers whose purpose it is to help 
the training of students. 

In addition to the fifteen cooperating teachers, a supervisor, the 
Director of the College Department of Business Education, visits these 
schools weekly for the purpose of supervision and conferences with 
student teachers. 

Apprenticeship teaching means observation of regularly employed 
teachers, planning the course, units of work, and lessons, and finally 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 73 



the actual participation of the student as a teacher who is in charge of 
a classroom. Since the amount of student teaching is more than twice 
that required by the State for certification, we feel that his appren- 
ticeship period under the conditions which we have set up goes a long 
way toward giving our graduates experience in actual school situa- 
tions before they are ready to become regular teachers in the public 
school system of the State of Pennsylvania. 

OPPORTUNITIES FOR GRADUATES 

There is a great demand in Pennsylvania at the present time for 
properly trained, degree-holding commercial teachers. With the 
changing certification requirements, properly trained commercial 
teachers will find their way into positions as supervisors and heads of 
commercial departments in the various secondary schools. 

Until recent years, little commercial work was offered in the 
junior high schools. In connection with the exploratory and vocational 
guidance work carried on in the junior high schools, courses in Junior 
Business Training and other similar courses have been rapidly grow- 
ing in favor. As a result properly trained teachers are in demand. 

The demand for commercial teachers may easily be accounted for 
by figures from public and private sources which show that one-third 
of the high school students are pursuing commercial courses. Judg- 
ing from the steady growth of the last five years, it would seem that 
the demand for degree-trained teachers in the commercial field will 
continue. Undoubtedly there will be a steady change in methods, 
skills, and techniques used in teaching. The State Teachers Colleges 
may well be expected to do pioneer work in progressive commercial 
education. 

TEACHER PLACEMENT 

The Department of Business Education acts as a clearing house 
for employment purposes. Our graduates are placed without charge 
through the cooperation of the Placement Service of the Depart- 
ment of Public Instruction and the Placement Service of our own 
College. The Department of Business Education likewise takes a 
special interest in securing positions for its graduates. Teachers-in- 
service are enabled in many instances to secure better positions with 
the help of these various agencies for placement. 

PLACEMENT RECORD 

The type of business education provided at Bloomsburg can be 
m.easured in no better way than by the fact that 90% of the grad- 
uates of the Department of Business Education have found employ- 
ment in either teaching or business and 80% of this group are now 
teaching in over 125 towns and cities throughout Pennsylvania and 
surrounding states. High Schools and Colleges located in the State 
of Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jer- 
sey, New York, North Carolina, Florida, and Virginia have sought the 
services of teachers graduated from Bloomsburg. 

The following table shows the total number of Business Educa- 
tion graduates — the nature, number, and percent of the placements 
for the years indicated: 



74 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 





NUMBER OF 




PLACEMENTS 






YEAR 


GRADUATES 




Business 


Teaching 


Total 


% 


1933 ___ 




_ 6 





1 


5 


6 


100 


1934 ___ 




_ 31 





3 


28 


31 


100 


1935 




- 34 





1 


33 


34 


100 


1936 ___ 




_ 16 





2 


14 


16 


100 


1937 ___ 




- 31 





4 


26 


30 


97 


1938 




_ 49 





8 


40 


48 


98 


1939 ___ 




- 55 


1* 


8 


42 


50 


90 


1940 __- 




_ 51 


1* 


13 


32 


45 


90 


1941 ___ 




_ 61 


13* 


12 


30 


42 


90 




Total 


334 


15* 


52 


250 


302 


90 


* Armed Forces. 













SUMMER SESSION 

A Summer Session consisting of a Pre-Session of three weeks, a 
Regular Session of six weeks, and a three-weeks' Post Session is 
conducted to meet the needs of the following groups of Commercial 
students: -yj^ 

1. Fully certified experienced teachers who desire to become bet- 
ter teachers through a study of the most recent methods and subject 
matter of commercial education. 

2. Commercial teachers who wish to secure higher certification. 

3. Teachers who wish to continue their training for the degree 
of B. S. in Education. 

4. Those teachers in training who wish to shorten the time 
necessary to complete the four-year course. 

During the Summer Session, courses are offered in the most 
modem commercial teaching theory, methods, and subject matter. 
Those interested in the Summer Session should write for a descrip- 
tive bulletin, 

APPLICATION FOR ENROLLMENT 

High school students interested in commercial teacher training 
should fill out and mail the Preliminary Enrollment Blank, which will 
be found in the back of the catalogue. Upon the receipt of this blank, 
a copy of the official Admission Application Blank will be forwarded 
to the student. To complete the enrollment the student must fill out 
the blank and file it with the Dean of Instruction. 

If the applicant wishes a room reserved, he must pay a registra- 
tion deposit of $10.00. Checks and Post Office Orders should be drawn 
to the order of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Post Office Or- 
ders must be drawn on the Post Office at Harrisburg, Pa. 

For more specific information concerning business teacher educa- 
tion, write William C. Forney, Director, Department of Business 
Education, State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania. 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa, 



75 



BASIC FIRST YEAR OF BUSINESS EDUCATION 
CURRICULUM 



First Semester 

Hours 
Clock Sem. 

Place and Purpose of Business 

Education in the Social Order 3 2 

(inc. school visitation) 
Health Education 4 2 

(inc. Physical Education and 

Personal Hygiene) 

Speech 3 3 

English I 4 3 

(inc. Library Science) 

Business Mathematics I 3 3 

Business Writing 3 1 

Typewriting 1 3 1 

23 15 



Second Semester 

Hours 

Clock Sem. 

English II 3 3 

Health Education II 4 2 

(inc. Physical Education and 

Personal Hygiene) 

Economic Geography I 3 3 

Business Mathematics II 3 3 

Bookkeeping & Accounting I 5 3 

Typewriting II 3 1 

Shorthand I 5 3 



26 



18 



Third Semester 



Commercial Sequence 

Hours 

Clock Sem. 

Literature I (English) 3 3 

Economic Geography II 3 3 

Business Organization and Finance 3 3 

Bookkeeping and Accounting II- 5 3 

Shorthand II 5 3 

Typewriting III 5 2 



23 



Accounting Sequence 

Hours 

Clock Sem. 

Literature I (English) 3 3 

Economic Geography II 3 3 

Business Organization and 

Finance 3 S 

Bookkeeping and Accounting II- 5 3 
Electives in English or Social 

Studies 6 6 



24 17 



20 



Fourth Semester 



Biological Science 4 3 

Business Correspondence 3 3 

Business Law I 3 3 

Bookkeeping and Accounting III 3 3 

Shorthand Applications 5 3 

Pypewriting Applications 5 2 



Biological Science 4 

Business Correspondence 3 

Business Law I 3 

Bookkeeping and Accounting III- 3 
Electives in English or Social 
Studies 3 



16 



Fifth Semester 



General Psychology 3 3 

School Law and Administration- 2 2 

Business Law II 3 3 

Sales and Retail Selling I 3 3 

Bookkeeping and Accounting IV-3 3 

Stenographic Office Practice 5 3 



19 



General Psychology 3 

School Law and Administration- 2 

Business Law II 3 

Sales and Retail Selling I 3 

Bookkeeping and Accounting IV-3 
Electives in English or Social 
Studies 3 



17 



Sixth Semester 



Methods — Shorthand 1 1 

Typewriting 1 1 

Bookkeeping 1 1 

Tests and Measurements 3 3 

Secondary School Business Edu- 
cation 2 2 

Economics I 3 3 

Visual Education 2 1 

Clerical Practice 5 3 



Methods — Junior Business 1 

Social Business 1 

Bookkeeping 1 

Tests and Measurements 3 

Secondary School Business Edu- 
cation 2 

Economics I 3 

Visual Education 2 

Clerical Practice 5 



18 



18 



18 



76 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 



Seventh Semester 



Eonrs 

Clock Sem. 

Philosophy of Education 2 2 

American Government 3 3 

Economics II 3 3 

History of Civilization 4 4 

♦Business Mathematics III or 3 

♦Auditing or 3 3 

♦Secretarial Practice 5 



15 or 17 



15 



Honrs 

Clock Sera. 

Philosophy of Education 2 2 

American Government 3 3 

Economics II 3 3 

History of Civilization 4 4 

Business Mathematics III 3 3 

Auditing 3 3 



18 



Eighth Semester 



Student Teaching, Observation and Conferences 15 

Curriculum Materials 4 



18 



19 



Third Semester 



Secretarial Sequence 

Hours 

Clock Sem. 

Literature I (English) 3 3 

Economic Geography II 3 3 

Business Organization and Finance 3 3 

Shorthand II 5 3 

Typewriting III 5' 2 

Electives in English or Social 

Studies 3 3 



Retail Selling Sequence 

Hours 

Clock Ssa. 

Literature I (English) 3 3 

Economic Geography II 3 i 

Business Organization and Finance 3 J 

Bookkeeping and Accounting II- 5 I 
Electives in English or Social 

Studies 3 i 



17 



15 



22 



17 



Biological Science 4 

Business Correspondence 3 

Business Law I 3 

Shorthand Applications 5 

Typewriting Applications 5 

Electives in English or Social 
Studies 3 



Fourth Semester 

3 Biological Science 4 3 

3 Business Correspondence 3 ( 

3 Business Law I 3 S 

3 Electives in English or Social 

2 Studies 6 6 

3 16 IS 



23 



General Psychology 3 

School Law and Administration- 2 

Business Law II 3 

Sales and Retail Selling I 3 

Stenographic OfEce Practice 5 

Electives in English or Social 
Studies 3 

19 



Fifth Semester 



General Psychology 3 

School Law and Administration. 2 

Business Law II 3 

Sales and Retail Selling I 3 

Electives in English or Social 
Studies 6 

17 



Sixth Semester 



Methods — Shorthand 1 

Typewriting 1 

Social Business 1 

Tests and Measurements 3 

Secondary School Business Edu- 
cation 2 

Economics I 3 

Visual Education 2 

Clerical Practice 5 

18 



Methods — Junior Business 1 1 

Social Business 1 I 

Retail Selling 1 1 

Tests and Measurements 3 J 

Secondary School Business Edu- 
cation 2 2 

Economics I 3 3 

Visual Education 2 1 

Clerical Practice 5 i 

Retail Selling II (Advertising) 3 J 

19 IS 



♦ Elect one of these 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 



77 



Seventh Semester 



Philosophy of Education 2 2 

American Government 3 3 

Economics II 3 3 

History of Civilization 4 4 

Secretarial Practice 5 3 

Electives in English or Social 

Studies 3 3 

20 18 



Philosophy of Education 2 2 

American Government 3 3 

Economics II 3 3 

History of Civilization 4 4 

Retail Selling III 12 6 

(including Store Practice) 



24 



Eighth Semester 



Student Teaching, Observation and Conferences 13 

Cnniculum Materials 4 



78 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 

COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 

IN BUSINESS EDUCATION CURRICULUM 

Bookkeeping and Accounting I 3 Sem. Hrs. 

The purpose of this course is to introduce the student to bookkeeping 
and accounting by means of financial records for personal, family and 
extra-curricular uses leading into the modern technical phases of ac- 
counting. Later trends in teaching beginning bookkeeping in high 
school are presented. 

Bookkeeping and Accounting II 3 Sem. Hrs. 

Double entry bookkeeping through statements, ledger accounts, 
original entry books including special columns, posting, checking, ad- 
justing, closing, working sheet, controlling accounts, interest and dis- 
count, valuation accounts, accruals and deferred items and current 
routine. 

Bookkeeping and Accounting III 3 Sem. Hrs. 

Principles of corporate organization and accounting with attention 
to problems of combining capital and liquidation of capital accounts; 
accounting for corporations and problems in consolidation and supple- 
mentary statements. 

Bookkeeping and Accounting IV 3 Sem. Hrs. 

Principles of accounting for manufacturing concerns and depart- 
mental accounting. Latest methods in standard cost and efficiency 
through the use of office machines are included. 

Accounting V and Auditing 3 Sem. Hrs. 

Analytic and synthetic accounting procedures; accounting for non- 
profit organizations and professional associations; accounting for gov- 
ernment organizations. 

Business Mathematics I 3 Sem. Hrs. 

Review and development of arithmetical skills and business appli- 
cations with special emphasis on speed and accuracy in handling the 
common fundamental operations. 

Business Mathematics II 3 Sem- Hrs. 

Continued development of business mathematics skills. Its pur- 
pose is to train students to solve advanced problems encountered in 
carrying on the modern functions of business: production, marketing, 
personnel, finance and management. 

Business Mathematics III 3 Sem. Hrs. 

Mathematics of accounting with business statistics. Aims to de- 
velop ability to interpret simple statistical measurements. . 

Business Writing 1 Sem. Hr. 

Practice at the desk and blackboard with methods of instruction 
for penmanship in the business education of secondary schools. 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 79 



Business Correspondence 3 Sem. Hrs. 

Study and practice in the special application of writing in busi- 
ness correspondence situations, including review of essentials in gram- 
mar, spelling, and vocabulary study. Much practice in all kinds of 
business letters. 

Business Organization and Finance 3 Sem. Hrs, 

Fundamental information and study of the organization and man- 
agement of typical business. Finance, salesmanship and marketing, 
office organization, credit, personnel are discussed. 

Business Law I 3 Sem. Hrs. 

Introduction to the study of fundamental business law. The course 
deals with court procedure, contracts, agency and negotiable instru- 
ments. 

Business Law II 3 Sem. Hrs. 

Advanced specialized study of business law. The course considers 
the law of business organizations, personal property, security rela- 
tions and real property. 

Clerical Practice and Machines 3 Sem. Hrs. 

A course designed to acquaint the student with modern office 
equipment, filing systems, office procedure, and business papers. 

Economics I 3 Sem. Hrs- 

Deals with the principles underlying production, distribution, ex- 
change, and consumption. The theories of values and distribution are 
here examined. 

Economics II 3 Sem. Hrs. 

An advanced course dealing with wages, rent, profits, interest, 
and present day economic problems arising out of the different forms 
of economic returns. 

Economic Geography 6 Sem. Hrs. 

The objective of the study of economic geography is an under- 
standing of production and exchange of commodities. The study 
deals with "the manner in which business is related to the earth on 
which it is transacted." Two sequential courses are required. 

Economic Geography I deals with the basic facts of the natural 
environment and man's agricultural responses to those facts. 

Economic Geography II is a study of man's responses to the 
natural environment with reference to economic pursuits other than 
agriculture. 

Physchology of Methods in Business Education 3 Sem. Hrs* 

This course makes definite application of psychological principles 
to the teaching and learning of skill in the various subjects of the 
business education curriculum. 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 



Retail Selling I 3 Sem. Hrs. 

Introduction and general study of the principles of salesmanship 
with consideration to the problems of distribution and merchandising. 

Retail Selling II 3 Sem. Hrs. 

Special application of salesmanship principles in advertising and 
retail selling. 

Retail Selling III 6 Sem. Hrs. 

A practical course in actual store practice in retail selling situa- 
tions. 

Shorthand I 3 Sem. Hrs. 

Initial learning of Gregg Shorthand with introduction of dictation. 
Emphasis is given to reading, writing, and mastery of the fundamen- 
tal forms. Transcribing of the student's notes on the typewriter is 
a part of the activity throughout the course. 

Shorthand II 3 Sem. Hrs. 

Specialized practice of shorthand skill with transcription of notes 
in the form of paragraphs and short letters receives increasing atten- 
tion. 

Shorthand Applications 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This is a course designed to give advanced practice of shorthand 
skill with drills for speed in taking dictation, and speed and accuracy 
in reading from dictated notes. This course is closely correlated with 
Typewriting Applications. 

Secretarial Office Practice 3 Sem. Hrs. 

Practice of stenographic skills including stencil cutting and proper 
operations of the mimeograph and mimeoscope is the aim of this 
course. 

Secretarial Practice 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This course stresses transcribing from dictating machine record- 
ings and practical secretarial skills in actual office situations. It is 
elective in the Commercial Sequence. 

Secondary School Business Education 2 Sem. Hrs. 

This course includes an analysis of the business education situa- 
tion in various tjTpes of high schools, and programs of business edu- 
cation suited to the needs of various communities. Stress is placed 
on the organization and content of the various courses. 

Stenographic Office Practice 3 Sem. Hrs. 

This is an advanced stenographic course including theory and 
practice in the activities common to stenographic and secretarial 
positions. 

Tests and Measurements in Business Education 3 Se,m. Hrs. 

This course involves a study of the tests and methods of measure- 
ment in Business Education instruction. It gives a complete program 
in planning, testing, evaluating, remedial teaching and retesting. 



State Teachers College, Bloojnsburg, Pa. 81 



Typewriting I 1 Sem. Hr. 

This beginning course emphasizes a mastery of the keyboard and 
the ordinary operation parts of the typewriter. Diagnostic and cor- 
rection work receives attention. Speed and accuracy are stressed. 

Typewriting II 1 Sem. Hr. 

Here efficiency and quickness in handling the typewriter are em- 
phasized. Included in the course are letter writing, straight copy 
work, multicopy work and tabulating. 

Typewriting III 2 Sem. Hrs. 

This course deals with letter writing, special business and legal 
forms, copying from longhand and corrected copy. Problems of 
English are stressed. 

Typewriting Application 2 Sem- Hrs. 

This is an advanced application of typewriting skills including an 
abundance of practical business typewriting. 



82 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 



DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC 

(Instruction in Theory of Music and Private Lessons in Piano, Violin, 
Voice and Organ) 

BETTY PAULING 

Wyoming Seminary, Graduate in Music; 
voice pupil of Frank LaForge. 

ROBERT MORGAN 

Syracuse University, Bachelor of Music, Master of Music; 
piano pupil of Frank Sheridan and Egon Petri. 



The Department of Music offers thorough courses in applied music 
and theory of music under efficient instructors to beginners and ad- 
vanced students. The courses are designed to meet the needs of those 
seeking a general musical education and a broad cultural background. 
All teachers are urged to understand the fundamentals of the art, at 
least, because music today is a recognized factor in the development 
of the child. 

The instruction is not standardized and formal. Rather an at- 
tempt is made to analyze the individual musical and technical prob- 
lems of each student and to offer solutions based upon constructive 
thinking and consideration for the individual personality. 

The State Teachers College at Bloomsburg offers superior ad- 
vantages for hearing music, an important phase of musical training. 
In addition to the student and faculty recitals of the Department of 
Music, the Entertainment Course offers several outstanding musical 
events during the season; and extra concerts are occasionally pre- 
sented by world famous artists. 

CERTIFICATE IN MUSIC 

A special certificate signed by instructors giving private lessons 
and theory in music will be granted upon satisfactory completion of 
the following requirements: 

1 — Minimum of two years' study in instrumental, vocal, or theo- 
retical field. Teacher's endorsement of student's qualifications and 
proof of a certain degree of advancement at the completion of the 
two years' study. 

2 — Satisfactory completion of one year course in sight singing 
and ear training. 

3 — Satisfactory completion of one year course in theory of music 
(for students other than those specializing in theory)- 

4 — Students (other than piano) must study piano for one year 
or demonstrate equivalent proficiency. 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 83 



COURSES OF INSTRUCTION 

Piano 

Careful attention is given to acquiring a sound foundation in all 
the phases of piano technique through the study of the best piano 
music. For beginners, folk-songs or simple pieces by great com- 
posers are used. Then follows a study of the works of Bach, 
Mozart, Haydn, Beethoven, Chopin, Schumann, and other com- 
posers of the romantic and modern periods. 

Organ 

Students must have a good piano technic. Considerable time is 
spent in acquiring a facile pedal technic; then the study of the 
organ works of Bach begins. These are supplemented by the 
best organ compositions of the various periods in musical history. 
In addition, students are prepared for playing church services. 

Voice 

The art of singing is presented with utmost detail and precision. 
The fundamentals of tone production, breathing, diction, inter- 
pretation, and stage deportment are emphasized. A careful selec- 
tion of repertoire is made to suit the needs and the ability of the 
singer. Students are trained for recital and church work. 

Violin 

Great stress is placed upon position, tone quality, the intricacies 
of bowing, technic, repertoire, and the preparedness for solo and 
ensemble work in public recital. In addition to exercises by Hoh- 
mann, Kayser, Kreutzer, Musin, Paganini, and others, pieces by 
Bach, Beethoven, Mendelssohn, Brahms, Vieuxtemps, and all the 
leading composers are studied. Advanced students are assigned 
concert! and sonatas of the standard violin literature. 

Theory of Music 

Practice is given in elementary harmony, followed by advanced 
harmony and its application to musical composition. Later, two- 
and three-part counterpoint is studied, and the analysis of the 
various musical forms is begun. Written and analytical work 
is supplemented by practice at the keyboard. 



RECITALS 

Recital classes are held frequently to give the students an oppor- 
tunity to play for each other. 

Public recitals are held during the year to provide experience m 
public performance. The auditorium in Carver Hall, where such re- 
citals are held, is an attractive and modern auditorium especially suit- 
able for musical programs. 



ENSEMBLE PLAYING 

The Department of Music offers special training in ensemble play- 
ing for pianists and violinists under the direction of a member of 
the faculty. 



84 State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 



MUSIC FOR CHILDREN 

Instruction is offered in violin and piano. The Department of 
Music feels that it can successfully bring out to the fullest extent the 
natural musical ability so many children possess. This is done by 
stimulating musical initiative and imagination. In addition, funda- 
mental theoretical training through the use of scales is applied to the 
instrumental lessons, and time is given to sight reading and ear 
training. 

For very young children, a shorter lesson period than the usual 
half -hour may be arranged. 

Children will frequently have an opportunity to play for each 
other, but playing in public recitals is not obligatory. 



EXPENSE FOR MUSIC STUDENTS 

Individual instruction in Piano, Organ, Voice, or Violin: $18.00 
per semester for one half -hour lesson per week; $36.00 for two half- 
hour lessons per week. 

Individual instruction in Theory: $18.00 per semester for one 
half -hour lesson per week: $36.00 for two half -hour lessons per week. 

Class in Theory: $5.00 per semester for one hour per week. 

Class in Sight Singing and Ear Training: $5.00 per semester for 
one hour per week. 

Use of piano for practice (one hour daily): $4.00 per semester. 

Use of organ for practice (one hour daily): $6.00 per semester. 



CONDITIONS OF ENROLLMENT 

It is understood that all students registering in the Department 
of Music at the beginning of a semester are enrolled for the whole 
semester unless other arrangements are specifically made at the time 
of registration. No rebate will be made on account of lessons missed 
by students. Students taking less than the work of a semester will 
be charged at the lesson rate of $1.50. 

All payments must be made by the half-semester in advance. 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 



8S 



List Of Students 



First Semester, 1941-42 



FOUR YEAR COURSE LEADING TO B.S. IN EDUCATION 



Ackerman, Jean Bl Hamburg 
Adams, Louise El Shamokin 
Algatt, Raymond S3 Berwick 
Althoff, Eleanor E3 Mt. Carmel 
Apolonio, John S3 Keiser 
Austin, Dorothy E3 Danville 
Baer, Lillian I. B2 Fleetwood 
Baird, Ruth B4 Mill City 
Baker, Sidnea J. B2 Espy 
Barrouk, Albert S4 Wilkes-Barre 
Bartha, Edith Bi Yeagertown 
Bartha, Elizabeth E3 Yeagertown 
Barton, William H. B2 Bloomsburg 
Beaumont, Lee Roy B2 Marcus Hook 
Beaver, Elwood H. B4 Catawissa 
Behler, Anita E. El Kingston 
Behler, Helen E. B2 Kingston 
Berfuss, Helen W. S4 Nanticoke 
Berninger, Carl S. S3 Catawissa 
Betz, John W. S4 Danville 
Bieler, Mina D. Bl Berwick 
Bierman. Mary Elizabeth S3 Wyoming 
Birtley, Irving T. SI Bloomsburg 
Bitler, Donald G. Bl Berwick 
Bitting, Geraldine E. B4 Ringtown 
Bomboy, Charles S3 Bloomsburg 
Booth, William E. B4 Shamokin 
Bomeman, Robert U. B4 Sanatoga 
Bower, Mary A. Bl Berwick 
Boyer, Anna H. El Selinsgrove 
Bramble, June H. B2 Bloomsburg 
Brennan, Francis SI Bloomsburg 
Brochyus, Howard W. B4 Bloomsburg 
Brody, Frances J. Bl Nazareth 
Bruner, John H. Bl Bloomsburg 
Bryner, Lois C. El Danville 
Buckingham, Boyd F. S3 York 
Buckingham, Reed 52 York 
Bunge, Robert L. SI Catawissa 
Burnham, Betty A. Bl Philadelphia 
Butler, George A. B4 Cressona 
Calvello, Meda lola E2 Weston 
Campbell, Kathryn E3 Bloomsburg 
Cannard, Thomas S3 Danville 
Carlin, John F. S4 Summit Hill 
Carlisle, James R. Bl Nanty Glo 
Carr, Edward B. B4 Luzerne 
Carroll, Helen A. B4 Mt. Carmel 
Carter, Leo S. B2 Throop 
Casula, Frank P. Bl Shenandoah 
Chandler, H. Raymond B4 Bloomsburg 
Chappell, Hazel V. B3 Danville 
Chesney, Joseph B2 Mt. Carmel 
Chilek, Stella C. B4 Avoca 
Cohoon, Margaret M. E3 Natalie 
Cole, Carolyn C. E4 Benton 
Collins, Loren L. S3 Nanticoke 
Comuntzis, Poletime D. SI Bloomsburg 
Conner, Lester G. Bl Bloomsburg 
Conrad. Wilfred H. S4 Benton 
Conte, Mario B2 Sayre 
Coombs, Marjorie R. S3 Wapwallopen 



Cresswell, Robert W. 31 Forty Fort 
Cromis, Helen M. B2 Bloomsburg 
Dalberg, Ekoy SI Windber 
Davenport, Mary A. E4 Berwick 
Davies, James W. B4 West Pittston 
Dean, Margaret D. SI Kulpmont 
Deaner, Wayne E. B3 Harrisburg 
Dietrich, Merrill A. B4 Bloomsburg 
Delbo, Mildred R. Bl Keiser 
Deleski, Edwin J. B4 Wilkes-Barre 
Demaree, Gerald J. Bl Berwick 
DeMott, Robert H. Bl Eyers Grove 
Dent, Frederick G. E2 Bloomsburg 
Derolf, Chester L. S4 Wilkes-Barre 
Derr, Roseanna El Bloomsburg 
DeVitis, Mary Bl Wayne 
DeWald, Mary F. E2 Turbotville 
Dietrick, Candace L. B4 Kutztown 
Diltz, Carl E. B3 Benton 
Disbrow, Viola W. S4 Forty Fort 
Doberstein, Anna M. S2 Nanticoke 
Dockey, Saramarie B2 Berwick 
Donu, Leo A. S4 Kingston 
Doster, Lawrence H. S3 Forty Fort 
Downing, Florence E. B2 Benton 
Duck, Martha J. El Lewisburg 
Eastman, Sara Jean 53 Bloomsburg 
Eaton, Mildred R. B4 Lehighton 
Ebright, Ruth A. B3 Mifflintown 
Edmunds, William R. B4 Nanticoke 
Enama, Hazel F. El Weston 
Eroh, Margaret M. E4 Nescopeck 
Ertel, Elizabeth R. Bl Williamsport 
Eunson, Agnes Sp. Ed. E3 Bloomsburg 
Farnsworth, Wanda A. El Muncy 
Faust, Florence E. B2 Ambler 
Fawcett, Robert E. S2 Berwick 
Feingold, Sylvia B. B4 Souderton 
Fellman, Harvey Burnis B4 Allentown 
Fenstemaker, Mary L. SI Bloomsburg 
Ferguson, Patricia A. Bl Shenandoah 
Fice, Joanna J. B3 Athens 
Fiorenza, Nickolena L. Bl Shamokin 
Fisher, Betty L. El Bloomsburg 
Flaherty, Mary Ellen El Bloomsburg 
Foster, Alexander S3 Danville 
Foust, Frances Jean El Danville 
Frey, Marjorie L. B2 Bloomsburg 
Frosini, Enso R. Bl West Wyoming 
Fuller, Bette E2 Beach Haven 
Garey, Pauline Mae SI Honeedale 
Gatski, Henry J. SI Bloomsburg 
Gaugler, Elbert G. El Port Trevorton 
Gillespie, Joseph C. B2 Bloomsburg 
Gillung, George H. B2 Brockway 
Gillung, Jack A. SI Brockway 
Girton, Rowena F. E2 Shickshinny 
Godlewski, Lois E. B2 Mt. Carmel 
Gottlieb, Irving T. B3 York 
Griffith, George J. S3 Wilkes-Barre 
Graver, Lois K. El. Cert. CG Bloomsburg 
Guild, Doris M. B4 S. Waverlv 



Italicized Letters indicate Curriculum: B for Business, E for Elementary, S for Secondary. 
Italicized Numbers indicate Class: 1 — Freshman, 2 — Sophomore, 3 — Junior, 4 — Senior. 



86 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 



Gula, Joseph J. Bl Swoyerville 

Hackenberger, Mary J. Sp. Ed. E2 Mifflintown 

Hagenbuch, Mary E. S2 Bloomsburg 

Hardysh. Alexander B4 Mt. Carmel 

Harris, Earl J. 54 Bloomsburg 

Hartman, Arthur F. Bl Nescopeck 

Hartman, Leon H. S2 Elysburg 

Hartman, Ruth M. B3 Orangeville 

Hartman, Stuart L. B4 Danville 

Hastie, Roberta L. B4 Avoca 

Hay, Joyce E. B2 Easton 

Heimbach, Mary R. E2 Sunbury 

Heller, Elinor J. 57 Wapwallopen 

Hendricks, Edward F. 52 Wilkes-Barre 

Henrie, Reba M. S2 Bloomsburg 

Herr, Leonard L. B4 Shamokin 

Hess, Kathryn A. E3 Orangeville 

Hess, Peggy M. Bl Berwick 

Hoagland, Elizabeth E. E4 Elysburg 

Hoffman, Janet L. B3 Espy 

Hollis, Edward E. E3 Drifton 

Holoviak, Peggy R. B2 Nesquehoning 

Honicker, Bemice E. Sp. Ed. E4 St. Clair 

Hoover, Dale W. B4 Dalmatia 

Hope, Ruth Barr Sp. Ed. E3 Pomeroy 

Hosier, Xen S. Bl Harrisburg 

Hottenstein, Sara E. B3 Milton 

Huber, Harvey P. Bl East Greenville 

Hubiak, John B3 Forest City 

Hull, Frances E. E4 Shamokin 

Hunter, Alda R. El Hunlock Creek 

Husovsky, Vincent F. B3 Swoyerville 

Hutchinson, Emma M Bl Yardley 

James, Ruth A. B4 Taylor 

Jenkins, Donald S3 Forty Fort 

Johnson, Dorothy R. E3 Berwick 

Johnson, Robert L. 54 Ickesburg 

Johnson, Rosemary P. Bl Mt. Carmel 

Jones, Catherine L., Sp. Ed. E2 Shickshinny 

Jones, David M. B3 Shamokin 

Jones, Margaret M. B4 Taylor 

Jurasik, Theodore E. B2 Berwick 

Jury, Mrs. Anna T. E3 Bloomsburg 

Jury. Mark W. 54 Bloomsburg 

Kane, Bernard SI Centralia 

Kane, Margaret M. El Shenandoah 

Kania, Walter J. SI Dickson City 

Karnes, Donald M. 54 Espy 

Kashuba, Matthias F. 52 Forty Fort 

Katerman, Betty M. S3 Bloomsburg 

Kelly, Mary K. Sp. Ed. E3 Bloomsburg 

Kester, Ruth J. El Courtdale 

Kinney, Cleo D. Bl Danville 

Klinger, Paul A. B4 Berwick 

Klingerman, Helen J. B4 Berwick 

Knight, Jeanne A. Bl Bloomsburg 

Knorr, Joyce W. B3 Wapwallopen 

Knorr, Martha A. B2 Bloomsburg 

Koch, Clement G. B2 Shenandoah 

Kocher, Ernest D. S3 Espy 

Kocher, Melva B2 Lightstreet 

Kohn, Lewis A. B2 Kingston 

Kokora, Sophia H. B4 Mocanaqua 

Kornaski, Irene F. Bl Mt. Carmel 

Kotch, Helen R. B2 Wilkes-Barre 

Kozlowski, Joseph W. S3 Mt Carmel 

Kravitski, Anthony A. Bl Drums 

Kreisher, Elaine L. E2 Berwick 

Kulik, Irene M. 55 Mt. Carmel 

Kuster, Jean M. 55 Bloomsburg 

LaBarr, James L. 55 Wilkes-Barre 

Lantz, Jean E. E4 Berwick 

Lstsha, Margaret E. El Dornsife 



Laubach, Maynard L. B3 Berwick 

Laubach, Winton 53 Benton 

Lavelle, James M. Bl Girardville 

Lawhead, Virginia L. E3 Pottsville 

Lebengood, Sara E. B2 Pottsville 

Leiby, Isabelle Mae Bl Danville 

Lendosky, Irene T. B4 Hazleton 

Lewis, Walter K. 54 Danville 

Lohr, Joyce M. S3 Berwick 

Lord, Linda I. B4 Minersville 

Love, Harriet A. B4 Waterville 

Levering, Mary Ruth El Scranton 

Ludwig, Millard C. 57 Millville 

Madl, Joseph M. 52 Shamokin 

Madl, Mary Louise 52 Shamokin 

Magill, Andrew F. S3 Sugarloaf 

Magill, John F. 57 Sugarloaf 

Makowski, Gertrude A. E2 Keiser 

Manley, Edward J. B2 Wilkes-Barre 

Margie, M. Charlene B4 Wilkes-Barre 

Martin, Helen R. 57 Hazleton 

Martin, Robert P. 57 Edwardsville 

Masanotti, Adrian A. B4 Berwick 

Maslowsky, Walter A. B3 Wilkes-Barre 

Matanin, Ludmilla B4 Mountaintop 

Matthes, Richard 0. 54 Reading 

Mazzeo, Salvatore A. Bl Easton 

McAloose, Frank J. B4 Kelayres 

McBride, Eugene A. 57 Bloomsburg 

McCloughan, Carol F. El Riverside 

McCracken, Allen C. 57 Riverside 

McCracken, Ralph E. B4 Allentown 

McCulla, Elizabeth J. B2 Freeland 

McCutchen, Frederic M. Sp. Ed. E3 Conyngham 

Mclntire, Isabelle E. Bl Sharon Hill 

Meluskey, Eileen M. B3 Shenandoah 

Menarick, George E. 55 Exeter 

Mertz, Jack L. B4 Northumberland 

Mesh, Adelaide M. E4 Glen Lyon 

Middleton, Mary Sp. Ed. E3 Steelton 

Miles, Norine Bl Shenandoah 

Miller, George E. 55 Wilkes-Barre 

Miller, Harold E. B2 Drums 

Miller, Harold J. Bl Catawissa 

Miller, Helen M. E2 South Enola 

Miller, M. Jane Bl Jermyn 

Miller, Robert R. B3 Benton 

Miner, Hazel A. Bl Tunkhannock 

Miner, Robert B. B4 Tunkhannock 

Miskowitz, Florence R. Bl Wilkes-Barre 

Mohr, Walter H. R. 54 Scranton 

Mong, Ruth A. E2 Danville 

Mooney, William B. Bl Kingston 

Mordan, Mary Jane 54 Northumberland 

Morse, Kenneth R. E2 Shamokin 

Mummey, Mildred D. Bl Sunbury 

Nelson, David R. B4 Hazleton 

Niles, Hugh S. B3 Wellsboro 

Noll, Jeanne L. B4 Palmerton 

Nonnemacher, Richard C. B4 Allentown 

North, Marjorie G. El Bloomsburg 

Novak, Clem E. Bl Nanticoke 

Oakes, Leona C. E3 West Hazleton 

O'Brien, Hazel R. E3 Benton 

Olah, Isabella M. C. El. Cert CG Berwick 

Olshefski, Joseph A. S4 Mt. Carmel 

O'Neill, Catherine M. B4 Freeland 

Oplinger, June E. B4 Norristown 

Omer, William S. B2 Bloomsburg 

Osman, Dawn H. E4 Shamokin 

Over. Helen A. Bl Emmaus 

Paganelli, Reynold D. B3 Wilkes-Barre ' 

Pape, James D. S4 Hazleton 



Italicized Letters indicate Curriculum: B for Business, E for Elementary, S for Secondary. 
Italicized Numbers indicate Class: 1— Freshman, 2— Sophomore, 3— Junior, 4— Senior. 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 



87 



Parangosky, Helen J. B2 Shenandoah 
Parr, Mary E. E2 Wapwallopen 
Pataki, Violet I. E3 Bloomsburg 
Patterson, Clayton D. Jr. S2 Nescopeck 
Patterson, Effie J. E2 Orangeville 
Perry, Raymond B. S3 Shamokin 
Persing, Arlene M. El Elysburg 
Piarote, George W. B3 Lebanon 
Pino. Dominic B4 Hazleton 
Podwika, Peter G. B4 Wyoming 
Puhnak, Bernard M. B3 Shamokin 
Rabb, Donald D. S2 Benton 
Raby, Gladys E. B4 Ephrata 
Rees, Laureen A. E2 Nanticoke 
Reitz, Harry E. Bl Shamokin 
Repella, Lydia B. E4 Minersville 
Rhinard, Josephine M. E4 Berwick 
Rhys, Ruth J. B4 Warrior Run 
Richard, Ralph B2 Red Hill 
Richardson, Grace D. E2 Pittston 
Rick, Barbara A. E3 Keiser 
Rick, John J. Bl Keiser 
Rishel, Roy L. B4 Danville 
Roan, Martha L. B3 Espy 
Robbins, Carl H. B2 Cambra 
Roberts, Ida Virginia Bl Gradyville 
Roberts, Iva M. Bl Mountainhome 
Robeson, Margaret A. S4 Beach Haven 
Rockwell, Jack G. S2 Bloomsburg 
Rowlands, Paul F. B2 Plymouth 
Rowlands, Richard W. B3 Reading 
Ruck, Katherine L. E4 Gouldsboro 
Sabol, Anne T. B2 Phoenixville 
Sahaida, John B2 Hazleton 
Savelli, Lado J. Bl Swoyerville 
Schargo, Ella R. E2 Pottsville 
Schaeffer, Conrad B3 Drums 
Schlieder, Donald A. SI Catawissa 
Schminky, Donald H. Bl Shamokin 
Schoener, Laura E. Bl Stouchsburg 
Schrader, Jean E. S2 Shamokin 
Schramm, Robert F. Bl Pottsville 
Schuyler, Stanley T. B4 Berwick 
Scott, Charles B. B2 Bloomsburg 
Scott, Mary L. B2 Bloomsburg 
Seaman, Louise E. B4 Hamburg 
Sears, Doris L. E4 Shamokin 
Sedlak, Catherine A. S3 Dupont 
Selden. William H. B3 Berwick 
Shank, Janet M. SI Catawissa 
Sharpless, Mary Jane S4 Bloomsburg 
Sharretts, Marjorie G. E2 Bloomsburg 
Shearer, Richard Bl Bloomsburg 
Shipe, Idajane S4 Berwick 
Shlanta, John A. E4 Mayfield 
Shonk, Ruth C. B2 Berwick 
Shortess, Anne L. E2 Bloomsburg 
Sidari, Nan B. B2 Hazleton 
Sidler, Jean C. B3 Danville 
Simpson, Rita E. B2 Wilkes Barre 
Sincavage, Alberta E4 Kulpmont 
Singley, Nora E. E3 Lewisburg 
Sirianni, Carmel A. B2 Hop Bottom 
Sirrocco, M. Claire B4 Pottsville 
Slopey, Lois E. B4 Bloomsburg 
Sluman, Ruth E. E3 Honesdale 
Smith, Elizabeth M. B2 Wyalusing 
Smith, George W. S2 Shamokin 

Italicized Letters indicate Cnrriculom: B for Business, E for Elementary, S for Secondary. 
Italicized Numbers indicate Class: 1 — Freshman, 2 — Sophomore, 3— Junior, 4 — Senior. 



Smith, James E. Bl Nescopeck 

Smith, William E. B4 Bloomsburg 

Snyder, C. David S4 Catawissa 

Snyder, M. Edna B2 Canton 

Snyder, H. Ruth B4 Bloomsburg 

Soback, Michael SI Bloomsburg 

Solack, Edward B4 Wilkes-Barre 

Spaid, Joanne L. E2 Mifflinburg 

Spontak, George S2 Pottsville 

Starook, Shirley T. El Northumberland 

Sterling, Harriet M. El Bloomsburg 

Stiles, Aleta P. B4 Red Lion 

Straub, Barbara J. E4 Berwick 

Straub, F. Stuart S4 Berwick 

Sutliff, William Bruce B2 Benton 

Swartz, Stanley M. E2 Millerstown 

Swinesburg, William R. Bl West Hazleton 

Swisher, Harold W. S2 Shickshinny 

Taylor, Dora K. B4 West Grove 

Taylor, Frank M. B3 Berwick 

Thomas, Francis P. B4 Troy 

Thomas, Grace J. 54 Bloomsburg 

Thomas, John W. B2 Scranton 

Trapani, Samuel J. B2 Easton 

Trethaway, Harold P. S4 Wilkes-Barre 

Trump, Mary E. E3 Danville 

Twardzik, Eleanor M. B4 Shenandoah 

Valente, Anthony J. S3 Hazleton 

Valente, Frank F. S4 Hazleton 

Valladares, Josefina E. S3 Luquillo, Puerto Rico 

Vastine, Edwin M. S3 Danville 

Vernoy, Collin W. S4 Canadensis 

Vonderheid, Herman E. 53 Wapwallopen 

Wagner, Elwood M. B3 West Hamburg 

Wagner, Evelyn L. SI Keiser 

Wagner, Sara K. B3 Pine Grove 

Wallace, Marion W. E2 Swoyerville 

Walinchus, Edward A. B2 Mahanoy City 

Wanich, M. Collins 57 Lightstreet 

Wanich, William P. B4 Lightstreet 

Warrington, Robert W. 52 Sunbury 

Washvilla, Vincent F. S2 Mt. Carmel 

Walkins, Robert W. S4 Numidia 

Webb, Robert J. B4 Pine Grove 

Weitz, Ruth E. B4 Duryea 

Welliver, Julia A. El Bloomsburg 

Wesenyak, Herman J. B2 Duryea 

Whitby, John B2 Edwardsville 

Whitby, Mary E4 Edwardsville 

Williams, Stella M. E2 Luzerne 

Williamson, Ruth J. Bl Dushore 

Wintersteen, Lois L. El Danville 

Witkoski, John F. B3 Mt. Carmel 

Wolfgang, Erma M. B4 Shamokin 

Wright, Martha H. E3 Berwick 

Yarowsky, Rachel M. B4 Pottsville 

Yeany, Philip R. B3 Bloomsburg 

Yob, Irene D. Bl Plymouth 

Yohe, Editha Whitesell Sp. Ed. E3 Bloomsburg 

Yorks, Stewart C. B4 Trucksville 

Young, David M. 54 Danville 

Zehner, Betty L. El Sugarloaf 

Zehner, Edna M. S4 Nescopeck 

Zimmerman, Ralph H. B4 Berwick 

Zinzarella, Julian A. El Mt. Carmel 

Zong, Marion E. Bl Milton 

Zweizig, James A. SI Hamburg 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 



Students in Classes for Teachers-in-Service 



Ballamy, Marion, Nescopeck 

Barral, Paul, MiiBinville 

Baum, Clair A., Nuremberg 

Baum, Emily M., Nuremberg 

Behr, Edith M., Lopez 

Behr, Oda H., Lopez 

Berninger, Margaret E., Bloomsburg 

Bittenbender, Jean L., Nescopeck 

Bixler, Mildred P., Shamokin 

Blue, Viola M., Danville 

Boguszewski, Adolph R., Wilkes-Barre 

Bonenberger, Laura, Barnesvilie 

Bott, Rose E., Nuremberg 

Boyle, Mary, Nanticoke 

Brugger, JuHa E., Tomhicken 

Buck, Anna M., Shamokin 

Cooper, Marian M., Danville 

Covey, Laura I., Lopez 

Crouse, Rhoda L., Berwick 

Davis, Albert R., Nanticoke 

Davis, Mrs. Ann Apichell, Kulpmont 

Dean, Dorothy Courson, Washingtonville 

Deitrick, Betty, Montgomery 

Eltringham, Jemima, Mt. Carmel 

Enama, Edith K. Nuremberg 

Enama, Violet P., Weston 

Ermish, Dorothy, Berwick 

Ermish, Sara L, Berwick 

Fahringer, Clara E., Williamsport 

Felton, Ralph D., White Haven 

Fennick, Elmer, Wilkes-Barre Twp. 

Foley, Cecilia C, Mahanoy City 

Furman, Mary E., Northumberland 

Good, Eda A., Montgomery 

Grow, Dorothy Mae, Shamokin 

Hartman, Mrs. M. Helen, Danville 

Hess, William H., Bloomsburg 

Heydenreich, Myrtle E., Turbotville 

Hindmarch, Bertha A., Mt. Carmel 

Hoagland, June E., Mifflinville 

Hubler, Elizabeth H., Gordon 

Karaska, Edward Joseph, Wilkes-Barre 

Keener, Kathryn M., Turbotville 

Kordish, Frances C, McAdoo Height* 



Kravitski, Bertha V., Drums 
Krieger, Dorothy E., Mahanoy City 
Lambert, Margaret E., Elysburg 
Lawrence, Beulah, Sunbury 
Leiser, Dayton. Watsontown 
Lindeman, Louise M., Milnesville 
Logar, Florence D., Weston 
Long, Marian D., Northumberland 
Lubold, Paul S., Pottsgrove 
Macek, Anna E., Lopez 
McCuUa, Margaret, Freeland 
Mensch, Miriam E., Mifflinbnrg 
Miller, Pearl A., Berrysburg 
Miller, Rachael. Berwick 
Noel, George P., Natalie 
Patterson, Jenna Mae, Benton 
Petro, Andrew, Keiser 
Pursel, Jay H., Bloomsburg 
Reilly, Eleanore M., Shenandoah 
Reilly, Rosemary F., Shenandoah 
Rhodes, Harwood J., Berwick 
Rutter, Anne F., Northumberland 
Rutter, Elizabeth G., Bloomsburg 
Ryan, Kathryn C, Shamokin 
Saneski, Peter P., Wilkes-Barre Twp. 
Schaeffer, Cora E., Berwick 
Selecky, H. Dorothy, Wapwallopen 
Sell, Betty E., Gordon 
Sharpe, June, St. Johns 
Shiner, Mildred M., Nescopeck 
Skeath, Mary R., Mahanoy City 
Snyder, Lora M., Turbotville 
Souder, Leora V., Nescopeck 
Steiner, Carolyn E., Shamokin 
Studlack, Julia M., Pottsville 
Trivelpiece, Jennie, Berwick 
Trommetter, Charlotte E., Gordon 
Troy, Mabel L., Nuremberg 
Watters, Eva L., Mifflinville 
Welliver, Carl, Bloomsburg 
Wertman, Mildred Rabb, Lewisburg 
Wittmer, Marie E., Mahanoy City 
Yearick, Mary M., Selinsgrove 
Young, Harriet E., Reading 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 



89 



School of Music 



Baird, Ruth Irene, Mill City 
Baker, Lucy Jane, Bloomsburg 
Belmonte, Angelita, Bloomsburg 
Berninger, Carl S., Catawissa 
BrouBon, Betty, Bloomsburg 
Comuntzis, Aleki, Bloomsburg 
Comuntzis, Athamantia, Bloomsburg 
Conner, Molly, Orangeville 
Fisher, John, Bloomsburg 
Gillung, George H., Brockway 
Hartman, Gerald, Catawissa 
Heckman, David, Bloomsburg 
Hoagland, Carol Jean, Mifflinville 
Johnson, Marie, Bloomsburg 
Kelly, Robert, Bloomsburg 



Kline, Susan, Bloomsbnrg 
Kocher, Ellis, Espy 
Kocher, James, Espy 
Kuster, Jane, Bloomsburg 
Lank, Merle, Bloomsburg 
Law, Fern Barbara, Bloomsburg 
Law, Luanne, Bloomsburg 
Masteller, John, Bloomsburg 
rviesley, Jean, Bloomsburg 
Quint, Arden, Bloomsburg 
Reece, Mary Louise, Millyille 
Rygiel, Walter, Bloomsburg 
Shuman, Mary, Bloomsburg 
Slopey, Lorna, Bloomsburg 
Whitby, John, Edwardsrilla 



Summer Session - 1941 



Aberant, Leona J., W. Wyoming 
Andreas, Betty M., Bloomsburg 
Atcus, Max, Bloomsburg 
Austin, A. Frances, Luzerne 
Bailey, Annabel, Danville 
Baker, Paul N., Espy 
Baker, Ralph G., Bloomsburg 
Baker, Sidnea J., Espy 
Ballamy, Marion E., Nescopeck 
Banks, Pearl M., Slatington 
Barr, Helen Jean, Summit Hill 
Barrington, Edward, White Haven 
Beaumont, Lee R., Marcus Hook 
Beers, Leonore Hart, Wilkes-Barre 
Behr, Edith M., Lopez 
Beltz, Beulah M., Catawissa 
Betz, John W., Danville 
Birth, Sara E,, Shickshinny 
Bishop, Ruth M., Lake Ariel 
Bixler, Mildred P., Shamokin 
Blue, Viola M., Danville 
Bond, Ethel M., Shickshinny 
Bond, Mildred Hart, Wapwallopen 
Bonenberger, Laura, Barnesville 
Bott, Rose E., Nuremberg 
Boyle, Mary, Nanticoke 
Bredbenner, Hilda F., W. Nanticoke 
Brodbeck, Louise I, Philadelphia 
Brouse, Helen E., Lewisburg 
Bnigger, Julia E., Tomhicken 
Brunges, Leona S., Bloomsburg 
Brunstetter, Mary M., Catavrissa 
Buck, Anna M., Shamokin 
Buck, Letha L., Stillwater 
Bundens, E. Victoria, Bloomsburg 
Burke, Mary D., Girardville 
Burke, Thomas J., Girardville 
Buss, Catharine Louise, Dewart 
Carr, Edward B., Luzerne 
Carter, Leo S., Throop 
Carter, Lera L., Laceyville 
Chandler, H. Raymond, Bloomsburg 
Chelosky, Dorothy A., Plymouth 
Cole, L. Ellen, Bloomsburg 
Collins, Loren L., Nanticoke 
Conner, Martha J., Orangeville 
Crouse, Rhoda L., Berwick 
Csrtis, Esther L., Duryea 



Davies, James W., W. Pittstoa 
Davis, Albert R., Nanticoke 
Davis, Ann Apichell, Hazleton 
Davis, Mary, Kingston 
Dean, Dorothy C, Washingtonville 
Deily, Nellie A., Danville 
Deitrick, Betty, Montgomery 
Deleski, Edwin J., Wilkes-Barre 
Dent, Frederick G., Bloomsburg 
DeRose, Peter, Peckville 
Disbrow, Viola W., Forty Fort 
Ditty, Pauline H., Shamokin 
Ditty, William W., Sunbury 
Dockerty, Helen J., Carbondale 
Donachy, George D., Northumberland 
Dougherty, Regina R., Mt. Carmel 
Dunn, Elizabeth, Jermyn 
Dushanko, Stephen, Harleigh 
Eade, Edith M., Nesquehoning 
Ellsworth, Joseph A., Meshoppen 
Eastman, Sara Jean, Bloomsburg 
Enama, Edith K., Nuremberg 
Ermish, Dorothy L., Berwick 
Erraish, Sara L, Berwick 
Eshmont, Peter J., Kulpmont 
Espenshade, Mabel B., Elizabethtown 
Eunaon, Agnes Jane, Bloomsburg 
Evans, Ann J., Taylor 
Feingold, Sylvia B., Souderton 
Feinour, Elizabeth M., Millville 
Fetterman, Aerio M., Catawissa 
Foley, James E., Mt. Carmel 
Foley, Myrtle I., Mt. Carmel 
Foulke, Arthur T., Danville 
Foust, Cora M., Danville 
Franklin, D. Pauline, Shickshinny 
Freas, Maizie E., Eyers Grove 
Galbreath, Alice E., Bloomsburg 
Gaugler, Sara E., Port Trevorton 
Gillespie, Joseph C, Bloomsburg 
Glass, Charles F., Freeburg 
Grabosky, Anna M., Frackville 
Graff, Bertha C, Kulpmont 
Greenly, Katharine A., Millville 
Greenly, William E., Millville 
Griffith, Megan B., Edwardsville 
Grohal, Andrew V., W. Hazleton 
Crohal, Veronica B., W. Hazleton 



90 



State Teachers College, Bloomsbnrg, Pa. 



Grow, Dorothy Mae, Shsunokin 
Hane, Anita M., Selinsgrove 
Hardyah, Alexander, Mt. Carmel 
Hartman, Beryl Greenly, Danville 
Hartman, Rachel P., Benton 
Hartman, Ruth M., Orangeville 
Heil, Frederick, Berwick 
Helt, Mrs. Jennie W., Berwick 
Henrie, Reba M., Bloomsburg 
Henry, Eleanore A., Summit Hill 
Heydenreich, Myrtle E., Turbotville 
Hilbush, Arabel E., Domsife 
Hindmarch, Bertha A., Mt. Carmel 
Hoagland, June E., MilHinville 
Homan, Norman R., Bloomsburg 
Hotz, Stephen M., Hudson 
Houseknecht, George B., Hughesville 
Hummel, Kate R., Millville 
Hummel, Sarah E., Middleburg 
Imboden, Lawrence L., Schuylkill Earen 
Jenkins, Elizabeth M., Edwardsville 
Johnson, Eleanor M., Centralia 
Johnson, Rosemary P., Mt. Carmel 
Jones, Katharine D., Lansford 
Jones, Margaret M., Taylor 
Kane, Margaret M., Shenandoah 
Katerman, Betty M., Bloomsburg 
Kealy, Elizabeth A., Mt. Carmel 
Keller, Hannah E., Danville 
Kelly, Mary K., Bloomsburg 
Kenworthy, Ruey E., Wilkes-Barre 
Kepner, Betty Lou, Sunbury 
Kerstetter, Mary Madge, Shamokin 
Kerstetter, Relda, Bloomsburg 
Kleffman, L. Ruth, York 
Klinger, Kenneth H., Hemdon 
Kozlowski, Edmund J., Mt, Carmel 
Kramer, Nellie A., Duryea 
Krieger, Dorothy E., Mahanoy City 
Kulik, Irene M., Mt. Carmel 
Kyle, Carmen M., Millville 
Lambert, Margaret E., Elysburg 
Laudennan, Hilbert Paul, Hazleton 
LaVelle, Cele A., Girardville 
Lawrence, Beulah M., Sunbury 
Lawton, Irma, Millville 
Lehman, Leo J., Ashley 
Lentz, Roberta R., Freeland 
Levan, Katie E., Stillwater 
Lewis, Jane E., Plymouth 
Lewis, Walter R., Danville 
Lichtel, L. Ward, Shamokin 
Linskill, Frances A., Kingston 
Long, Marian D., Northumberland 
Lord, Linda L, Minersville 
Love, Harriet A., Waterville 
Low, Zehnder S., Orangeville 
Luckenbill, Robert J., Freeland 
Maier, Harry G., Wilkes-Barre 
Manjone, Leonard A., Weston 
Marchese, Joseph F., Old Forge 
Marchetti, Violette M., Kulpmont 
Marcincavage, Stanley A., Ranshaw 
Markle, Donald, Jeddo 
Martin, Paul G., Catawissa 
McCulla, Elizabeth J., Freeland 
McCulla, Margaret, Freeland 
McGeehan, Betty G., Hazleton 
McGinley, Esther Anne, Jeanesville 
McMichael, Dorothy I., Stillwater 
McNamee, Leo C, Bloomsburg 
Mehalow, Joseph, Freeland 
Melchiori, Alma M., Mt. Carmel 
Meluskey, Eileen M., Shenandoah 
Miller, Clair A., Bloomsburg 
Miller, Pearl A., Berrysburg 
Miller, Tbelma Faye, Neecopeck 



Miner, Robert B., Tunkhannock 
Murphy, Charles W., Frackville 
Myerley, George G., Danville 
Naegeli, John H., Old Forge 
Noel, George P., Natalie 
Northup, Anna Ives, Dalton 
Oakes, Leona C, W. Hazleton 
Oliver, Carl A., Pittston 
O'Neill, Catherine M., Freeland 
Oplinger, June E., Norristown 
Omer, Anna L., Bloomsburg 
Omer, William S., Bloomsburg 
Palsgrove, Mary E., Schuylkill HaTea 
Parson, Sara-Alyce, Harrisburg 
Patterson, Jean P., Orangeville 
Payne, Edith M., Ashland 
Pollock, Edythe M., Wyoming 
Quigley, Anne M., Mt. Carmel 
Raby, Gladys E., Ephrata 
Rebok, Mabel, Millerstown 
Repella, Lydia B., Minersville 
Rhys, Ruth J., Warrior Run 
Rich, Lucille M., Kulpmont 
Richie, Neil, Bloomsburg 
Rick, Barbara A., Kaiser 
Roan, Harriett E., Bloomsburg 
Roan, Martha L., Espy 
Robbins, Charles A., Bloomsburg 
Roberts, Roy, Jr., Catawissa 
Romberger, Winifred K., ElizabethTilla 
Rowe, Frances L., Shamokin 
Russin, Jerry Y., Plains 
Rutledge, Jane M., W. Pittston 
Ryan, Kathryn C, Shamokin 
Sacco, Cosimo T., Berwick 
Samuel, Mary A., Mt. Carmel 
Saras, Nickolas L., Hazleton 
Schiefer, Jessie T., Steelton 
Schuyler, Stanley T., Berwick 
Seaman, Louise E., Hamburg 
Sedlak, Catherine A., Dupont 
Seebold, Jean E., Sunbury 
Selden, William H., Berwick 
Selecky, H. Dorothy, Wapwallopen 
Shambach, Virginia, Troxelville 
Sharpe, June F., St. Johns 
Shevlin, Helen T., Scranton 
Shiner, Mildred M., Nescopeck 
Shook, Lottie C, Muncy 
Skougor, Catharine Plucker, Muncy 
Slopey, Lois E., Bloomsburg 
Smith, Donnabelle F., Sunbury 
Smith, Helen Gensemer, Columbia 
Snyder, Harry S., Bloomsburg 
Snyder, Lora M., Turbotville 
Soback, Helen J., Bloomsburg 
Solack, Edward D., Wilkes-Barre 
Sollars, Mabel P., Oakland 
Steiner, Carolyn E., Shamokin 
Steiner, Bertha M., Sunbury 
Steinle, Annette B., Scranton 
Stimmel, James R., Scottdale 
Stine, Mary A., Elysburg 
Stoyer, Agnes A., Harrisburg 
Straub, F. Stuart, Berwick 
Sutlifl, William Bruce, Benton 
Taylor, Frank M., Berwick 
Thomas, Hervey R., Orangeville 
Thornton, Alma H., Old Forge 
Tiley, Natalie Smith, Tamaqna 
Tilmont, John J., Locust Dale 
Tomkinson, C. Richard, Bloomsburg 
Traub, Florence A., Luzerne 
Tregellas, Jean M., Mahanoy City 
Trivelpiece, Jennie, Berwick 
Troutman, Luther, Nanty Glo 
Troy, Mabel L., Nuremberg 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 91 



Tngend, Florence C, Dalton Whitebread, Hoyt L., Wapwallopen 

Tumbach, Lorraine E., Sugarloaf Whitesell, Editha J., Shickshinny 

Ulaniteky, Lydia G., Centralia Wilkes, John J., Sheatown, Nanticoke 

Ulshafer, Alice M., Nuremberg Williams, Mantana S., Slatington 
Valladares, Josefina E., Vega Baja, Puerto Rico Wright, H. Clifton, Bloomsburg 

Vanderslice, Mrs. Josephine K., Bloomsburg Yarowsky, Rachel M., Pottsville 

Vastine, Edwin M., Danville Yocum. Carrie I., Milton 

Vought, Lucinda K., Numidia Yocum, Josephine, Danville 

Wagner, Daniel W., Keiser Young, Casimer J., Nanticoke 

Walkonis, Edward W., Peely Young, Harriet E., Nescopeck 

Wallace, Marion, Swoyerville Young, John D., Catawissa 

Wary, Jessie R., Helfenstein Youtz, Margaret, Sunbury 

Watkins, Robert W., Numidia Zehner, Alice Mae, Bloomsburg 

Watters, Eva L., Mifflinville Zehner, Martha L., Bloomsburg 

Weitz, Ruth E., Duryea Zeigler, J. Corrine, Hemdon 

Welliver, Grace M., Tomhicken Zeisloft, Hilda E., Ardsley 

Wesley, Avis B., Dallas Zerby. John Richard, Hemdon 

White, Marqueen V., Berwick Zondlo, Louise A., Dupont. 



92 



State Teachers College, Bloomsburg, Pa. 



Post Summer Session 1941 



Aberant, Leona J., W. Wyoming 

Austin, A. Frances, Luzerne 

Banks, Pearl M., Slatington 

Barrouk, Albert P., Wilkes-Barre 

Betz, John W., Danville 

Bodine, Dorothy I., Catawissa 

Bomboy, Charles H., Bloomsburg 

Boyer, Hazel L., Selinsgrove 

Boyle, Mary, Nanticoke 

Buck, Letha L., Stillwater 

Campbell, Mrs. Anne Fawcett, Selinsgrove 

Casula, Frank Patrick, Shenandoah 

Chelosky, Dorothy A., Plymouth 

Davies, James W., W. Pittston 

Davis, Albert R., Nanticoke 

Davis, Ann Apichell, Hazleton 

Davis, Janet E. H., Carbondale 

Dean, Dorothy C, Washingtonville 

Deily, James H., Bloomsburg 

Deitrick, Betty, Montgomery 

Deleski, Edwin J., Wilkes-Barre 

Donachy, George D., Northumberland 

Dougherty, Regina R., Mt. Carmel 

Dunn, Florence L., Jermyn 

Dushanko, Stephen, Harleigh 

Eade, Edith M., Nesquehoning 

Ellsworth, Joseph A., Meshoppen 

Eroh, Margaret M., Nescopeck 

Everard, Evelyn N., Edwardsville 

Feinour, Elizabeth M., MillviUe 

Fetterman, Aerio M., Catawissa 

Frick, Dorothy J., W. Pittston 

Furman, Mary E., Northumberland 

Greenly, Leon H., Bloomsburg 

Hartman, Mrs. Beryl G., Danville 

Hartman, Rachel P., Benton 

Heydenreich, Myrtle E., Turbotville 

Hindmarch, Bertha A., Mt. Carmel 

Hoagland, June E., Mifflinville 

Hopkins, Henry F., Espy 

Hullihan, Vincent T., Locust Gap 

Imboden, Lawrence L., Schuylkill Haven 

Jury, Mark W., Bloomsburg 

Kenworthy, Ruey E., Wilkes-Barre 

Kepner, Betty Lou, Sunbury 

Kerchusky, William G., Ringtown 

Kitchen, Mrs. Winifred E., Harrisburg 

Klinger, Kenneth H., Hemdon 

Kramer, Nellie A., Duryea 

Kula, Anthony S., Uniontown 

Kulik, Irene M., Mt. Carmel 

Lack, Nellie K., Harrisburg 

Lambert, Margaret E., Elysburg 

Lauderman, Hilbert Paul, Hazleton 



Leiser, Dayton, Watsontown 
Lewis, Jane E., Plymouth 
Long, Marian D., Northumberland 
Lord, Linda I., Minersville 
Love, Harriet A., Waterville 
Low, Zehnder S., Orangeville 
Luckenbill, Robert John, Freeland 
Marchese, Joseph F., Old Forgo 
Maza, Norman J., Nanticoke 
McCulla, Elizabeth J., Freeland 
McCulla, Margaret, Freeland 
McGeehan, Betty G., Hazleton 
Miller, George E., Wilkes-Barro 
Miller, Pearl A., Berrysburg 
Oliver, Carl A., Pittston 
O'Neill, Catherine M., Freeland 
Orner, William, Bloomsburg 
Palsgrove, Mary E., Schuylkill Hstcb 
Penman, Mabel G., Hazleton 
Podwika, Peter G., Wyoming 
Raby, Gladys E., Ephrata 
Rarig, Leah M., Catawissa 
Reilly, Eleanor M., Shenandoah 
Rhys, Ruth J., Warrior Run 
Rick, Barbara Ann, Keiser 
Rowlands, Clarence C, Plymonth 
Saras, Nickolas, Hazleton 
Schuyler, Stanley T., Berwick 
Sears, Doris L., Shamokin 
Selecky, Dorothy, Wapwallopen 
Snyder, C. David, Catav.issa 
Snyder, Lora M., Turbotville 
Solack, Edward, Wilkes-Barre 
Sterling, Helen J., Mifflinburg 
Stoyer, Agnes A., Harrisburg 
Tilmont, John J., Locust Dale 
Traub, Florence A., Luzerne 
Trivelpiece, Jennie. Berwick 
Troutman, Luther, Nanty Glo 
Vernoy, Collin W., Canadensii 
Vought, Lucinda K., Numidia 
Walkonis, Edward W., Peely 
Watters, Eva L., MiiBinville 
Weitz, Ruth E., Duryea 
Wesley, Joseph F., Luzerne 
Whitebread, Helen Smith, Wapwallopeo 
Wilkes, John J., Nanticoke 
Yakus, Frank J., Luzerne 
Yocura, Josephine, Danville 
Yocum, Ruth E., Catawissa 
Young, Harriet E., Nescopeck 
Young, John D.. Catawissa 
Zeigler, J. Corrine, HemdoB 
Zeisloft, Hilda E., Ardsley 



PRELIMINARY ENROLLMENT BLANK 

This blank, together with a check (or Money Order drawn on the 
Postmaster at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania) for $10.00 payable to the 
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, should be mailed to State Teachers 
College, Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania. This $10.00 is used as part pay- 
ment of your fees. Do not send currency. 



Name of Applicant 



Last JName First Name 



Middle Initial 



Address of Applicant 



Number and Street 



County 



Date of Birth 



Day 



Do you desire to enter — Pre-Sunimer Session June 8, 1942 D 

Regular Summer Session June 29, 1942 D 

Post-S'ummer Session Aug. 10, 1942 Q 

First Semester Sept. 14, 1942 D 

Second Semester Jan. 25, 1943 D 

Plan: Four College Years D Curriculum: Business D 

Three Calendar Years D Elementary D 

Secondary n 



Shall we reserve a room for you? 



Give the name of town and county of the four-year high school from 

which you graduated 

When were you graduated? , 

Is this your first enrollment in this institution? 

Give the names and location of any institutions which you have at- 
tended since graduation from high school 

All curriculums lead to the degree of Bachelor of Science in Edu- 
cation. Students desiring to complete the requirements for the de- 
gree in less than four years may enter at the beginning of any sum- 
mer session or semester. By attending the summer sessions regu- 
larly from the time of entrance, the graduation requirements may 
be completed in three calendar years. Students entering on this basis 
must signify their intention at the time of their admission. 

Advance reservation deposits will be returned provided the Col- 
lege is notified at least three weeks before the opening of the semes- 
ter of the desire to cancel the reservation. 

Permission to live off the Campus ^vill not be given as long as 
rooms are available in the dormitories. Special cases will be handled 
by the President. 

Additional copies of this publication may be secured upon re- 
quest from President Harvey A. Andruss, State Teachers College, 
Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania. 



TO THE 
UNKNOWN TEACHER 

I SING the praises of the Unknown Teacher. 
Great generals win campaigns, but it is the 
Unknown Soldier who wins the war. Famous 
educators plan new systems of pedagogy, but it is 
the Unknown Teacher who delivers and guides the 
young. He lives in obscurity and contends with 
hardship. For him no trumpets blare, no chariots 
wait, no golden decorations are decreed. He keeps 
the watch along the borders of darkness, and 
makes the attack on the trenches of ignorance and 
folly. Patient in his duty, he strives to conquer 
the evil powers which are enemies of youth. He 
awakens sleeping spirits. He quickens the indolent, 
encourages the eager, and steadies the unstable. He 
communicates his own joy in learning, and shares 
with boys and girls the best treasures of his mind. 
He lights many candles, which in later years, will 
shine back to cheer him. This is his reward. 
^Knowledge may be gained from books but the love 
of knowledge is transmitted only by personal con- 
tact. No one has deserved better of the Republic 
than the Unknown Teacher. No one is more 
worthy to be enrolled in a democratic Aristocracy, 
"King of himself and servant of mankind." 

—HENRY VAN DYKE. 



THE BEST FOUR YEARS OF YOUR LIFE 

nno BE AT HOME in all lands and 
-*- ages; to count nature a familiar 
acquaintance and art an intimate 
friend; to gain a standard for the 
appreciation of other men's work 
and the criticism of your own; to 
carry the keys of the world's li- 
brary in your pocket, and feel its 
resources behind you in whatever 
you undertake; to make hosts of 
friends among the men of your 
own age who are to be leaders in 
all walks of life; to lose yourself in 
generous enthusiasms and cooper- 
ate with others for common ends 
— this is the offer of the college for 
the best four years of your life. — 

WILLIAM DEWITT HYDE.